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Entry version 114 (07 Oct 2020)
Sequence version 1 (08 Nov 2005)
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Protein

Glutaredoxin 4

Gene

grxD

Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Monothiol glutaredoxin involved in the biogenesis of iron-sulfur clusters.Curated

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei22Glutathione1 Publication1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi30Iron-sulfur (2Fe-2S); shared with dimeric partner1
Binding sitei59Glutathione1 Publication1
Binding sitei71Glutathione; via amide nitrogen and carbonyl oxygen1 Publication1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Ligand2Fe-2S, Iron, Iron-sulfur, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
EcoCyc:EG12181-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glutaredoxin 4
Short name:
Grx4
Alternative name(s):
Monothiol glutaredoxin
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:grxD
Synonyms:ydhD
Ordered Locus Names:b1654, JW1646
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEscherichia coli (strain K12)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83333 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000318 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome
  • UP000000625 Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001022571 – 115Glutaredoxin 4Add BLAST115

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
P0AC69

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P0AC69

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P0AC69

2D gel databases

Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis database from the Geneva University Hospital

More...
SWISS-2DPAGEi
P0AC69

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">Interaction</a>' section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="https://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated at every <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/synchronization">UniProt release</a>.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
4260269, 437 interactors

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-11729N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P0AC69, 18 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
511145.b1654

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1115
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P0AC69

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P0AC69

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini5 – 107GlutaredoxinPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST103

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni84 – 85Glutathione binding2

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Redox-active center

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
COG0278, Bacteria

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_026126_2_1_6

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P0AC69

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K07390

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P0AC69

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd03028, GRX_PICOT_like, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.30.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002109, Glutaredoxin
IPR033658, GRX_PICOT-like
IPR014434, Monothiol_GRX
IPR004480, Monothiol_GRX-rel
IPR036249, Thioredoxin-like_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10293, PTHR10293, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00462, Glutaredoxin, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF005894, Monothiol_GRX, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF52833, SSF52833, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00365, TIGR00365, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51354, GLUTAREDOXIN_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P0AC69-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSTTIEKIQR QIAENPILLY MKGSPKLPSC GFSAQAVQAL AACGERFAYV
60 70 80 90 100
DILQNPDIRA ELPKYANWPT FPQLWVDGEL VGGCDIVIEM YQRGELQQLI
110
KETAAKYKSE EPDAE
Length:115
Mass (Da):12,879
Last modified:November 8, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i254B540430632645
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC74726.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA15420.1
L01622 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC37010.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
H64922

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_416171.1, NC_000913.3
WP_000108172.1, NZ_STEB01000003.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAC74726; AAC74726; b1654
BAA15420; BAA15420; BAA15420

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
52076675
946169

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ecj:JW1646
eco:b1654

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|1411691.4.peg.605

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC74726.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA15420.1
L01622 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC37010.1
PIRiH64922
RefSeqiNP_416171.1, NC_000913.3
WP_000108172.1, NZ_STEB01000003.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1YKANMR-A1-115[»]
2WCIX-ray1.90A/B1-115[»]
SMRiP0AC69
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi4260269, 437 interactors
DIPiDIP-11729N
IntActiP0AC69, 18 interactors
STRINGi511145.b1654

2D gel databases

SWISS-2DPAGEiP0AC69

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiP0AC69
PaxDbiP0AC69
PRIDEiP0AC69

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAC74726; AAC74726; b1654
BAA15420; BAA15420; BAA15420
GeneIDi52076675
946169
KEGGiecj:JW1646
eco:b1654
PATRICifig|1411691.4.peg.605

Organism-specific databases

EchoBASE - an integrated post-genomic database for E. coli

More...
EchoBASEi
EB2098

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0278, Bacteria
HOGENOMiCLU_026126_2_1_6
InParanoidiP0AC69
KOiK07390
PhylomeDBiP0AC69

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciEcoCyc:EG12181-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP0AC69

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P0AC69

Family and domain databases

CDDicd03028, GRX_PICOT_like, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.40.30.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002109, Glutaredoxin
IPR033658, GRX_PICOT-like
IPR014434, Monothiol_GRX
IPR004480, Monothiol_GRX-rel
IPR036249, Thioredoxin-like_sf
PANTHERiPTHR10293, PTHR10293, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00462, Glutaredoxin, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF005894, Monothiol_GRX, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52833, SSF52833, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00365, TIGR00365, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51354, GLUTAREDOXIN_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGLRX4_ECOLI
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P0AC69
Secondary accession number(s): P37010, P77424
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 8, 2005
Last sequence update: November 8, 2005
Last modified: October 7, 2020
This is version 114 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Escherichia coli
    Escherichia coli (strain K12): entries and cross-references to EcoGene
  2. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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