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Entry version 84 (05 Dec 2018)
Sequence version 2 (23 Jan 2007)
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Protein

Fumarate reductase iron-sulfur subunit

Gene

frdB

Organism
Escherichia coli O6:H1 (strain CFT073 / ATCC 700928 / UPEC)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Two distinct, membrane-bound, FAD-containing enzymes are responsible for the catalysis of fumarate and succinate interconversion; the fumarate reductase is used in anaerobic growth, and the succinate dehydrogenase is used in aerobic growth.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Protein has several cofactor binding sites:

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi58Iron-sulfur 1 (2Fe-2S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi63Iron-sulfur 1 (2Fe-2S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi66Iron-sulfur 1 (2Fe-2S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi78Iron-sulfur 1 (2Fe-2S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi149Iron-sulfur 2 (4Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi152Iron-sulfur 2 (4Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi155Iron-sulfur 2 (4Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi159Iron-sulfur 3 (3Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi205Iron-sulfur 3 (3Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi211Iron-sulfur 3 (3Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi215Iron-sulfur 2 (4Fe-4S)By similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processElectron transport, Transport, Tricarboxylic acid cycle
Ligand2Fe-2S, 3Fe-4S, 4Fe-4S, Iron, Iron-sulfur, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
ECOL199310:C5241-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Fumarate reductase iron-sulfur subunit (EC:1.3.5.1)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:frdB
Ordered Locus Names:c5241
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEscherichia coli O6:H1 (strain CFT073 / ATCC 700928 / UPEC)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri199310 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001410 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001587002 – 244Fumarate reductase iron-sulfur subunitAdd BLAST243

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P0AC48

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Fumarate dehydrogenase forms part of an enzyme complex containing four subunits: a flavoprotein, an iron-sulfur, and two hydrophobic anchor proteins.By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
199310.c5241

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
P0AC48

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P0AC48

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini16 – 972Fe-2S ferredoxin-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST82
Domaini140 – 1694Fe-4S ferredoxin-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST30

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105E33 Bacteria
COG0479 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000160590

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00245

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
AFASDCR

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00207 fer2, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.1060.10, 1 hit
3.10.20.30, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR036010 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-like_sf
IPR001041 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-type
IPR006058 2Fe2S_fd_BS
IPR017896 4Fe4S_Fe-S-bd
IPR017900 4Fe4S_Fe_S_CS
IPR012675 Beta-grasp_dom_sf
IPR009051 Helical_ferredxn
IPR004489 Succ_DH/fum_Rdtase_Fe-S
IPR025192 Succ_DH/fum_Rdtase_N

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF13085 Fer2_3, 1 hit
PF13183 Fer4_8, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF46548 SSF46548, 1 hit
SSF54292 SSF54292, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00384 dhsB, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00197 2FE2S_FER_1, 1 hit
PS51085 2FE2S_FER_2, 1 hit
PS00198 4FE4S_FER_1, 1 hit
PS51379 4FE4S_FER_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P0AC48-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAEMKNLKIE VVRYNPEVDT APHSAFYEVP YDATTSLLDA LGYIKDNLAP
60 70 80 90 100
DLSYRWSCRM AICGSCGMMV NNVPKLACKT FLRDYTDGMK VEALANFPIE
110 120 130 140 150
RDLVVDMTHF IESLEAIKPY IIGNSRTADQ GTNIQTPAQM AKYHQFSGCI
160 170 180 190 200
NCGLCYAACP QFGLNPEFIG PAAITLAHRY NEDSRDHGKK ERMAQLNSQN
210 220 230 240
GVWSCTFVGY CSEVCPKHVD PAAAIQQGKV ESSKDFLIAT LKPR
Length:244
Mass (Da):27,123
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iAC1D7A73244D7AC0
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE014075 Genomic DNA Translation: AAN83663.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
WP_000829498.1, NC_004431.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAN83663; AAN83663; c5241

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ecc:c5241

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE014075 Genomic DNA Translation: AAN83663.1
RefSeqiWP_000829498.1, NC_004431.1

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP0AC48
SMRiP0AC48
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi199310.c5241

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP0AC48

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAN83663; AAN83663; c5241
KEGGiecc:c5241

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105E33 Bacteria
COG0479 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000160590
KOiK00245
OMAiAFASDCR

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciECOL199310:C5241-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00207 fer2, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.1060.10, 1 hit
3.10.20.30, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR036010 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-like_sf
IPR001041 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-type
IPR006058 2Fe2S_fd_BS
IPR017896 4Fe4S_Fe-S-bd
IPR017900 4Fe4S_Fe_S_CS
IPR012675 Beta-grasp_dom_sf
IPR009051 Helical_ferredxn
IPR004489 Succ_DH/fum_Rdtase_Fe-S
IPR025192 Succ_DH/fum_Rdtase_N
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF13085 Fer2_3, 1 hit
PF13183 Fer4_8, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF46548 SSF46548, 1 hit
SSF54292 SSF54292, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00384 dhsB, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00197 2FE2S_FER_1, 1 hit
PS51085 2FE2S_FER_2, 1 hit
PS00198 4FE4S_FER_1, 1 hit
PS51379 4FE4S_FER_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiFRDB_ECOL6
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P0AC48
Secondary accession number(s): P00364
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 21, 1986
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 84 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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