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Entry version 88 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 1 (15 Mar 2005)
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Protein

Lactoylglutathione lyase

Gene

gloA

Organism
Salmonella typhimurium (strain LT2 / SGSC1412 / ATCC 700720)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the conversion of hemimercaptal, formed from methylglyoxal and glutathione, to S-lactoylglutathione.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Ni2+By similarityNote: Binds 1 nickel ion per subunit. In the homodimer, two nickel ions are bound between subunits.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: methylglyoxal degradation

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes (R)-lactate from methylglyoxal.
Proteins known to be involved in the 2 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Lactoylglutathione lyase (gloA)
  2. Hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase (gloB)
This subpathway is part of the pathway methylglyoxal degradation, which is itself part of Secondary metabolite metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes (R)-lactate from methylglyoxal, the pathway methylglyoxal degradation and in Secondary metabolite metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi5Nickel; via tele nitrogen; shared with dimeric partnerBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei9Substrate; shared with dimeric partnerBy similarity1
Metal bindingi56Nickel; shared with dimeric partnerBy similarity1
Binding sitei60Substrate; shared with dimeric partnerBy similarity1
Metal bindingi74Nickel; via tele nitrogenBy similarity1
Binding sitei74SubstrateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei122Proton donor/acceptorBy similarity1
Metal bindingi122NickelBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyase
LigandMetal-binding, Nickel

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
SENT99287:STM1435-MONOMER

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00619;UER00675

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Lactoylglutathione lyase (EC:4.4.1.5)
Alternative name(s):
Aldoketomutase
Glyoxalase I
Short name:
Glx I
Ketone-aldehyde mutase
Methylglyoxalase
S-D-lactoylglutathione methylglyoxal lyase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:gloA
Ordered Locus Names:STM1435
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSalmonella typhimurium (strain LT2 / SGSC1412 / ATCC 700720)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri99287 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeSalmonella
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001014 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001680911 – 135Lactoylglutathione lyaseAdd BLAST135

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P0A1Q2

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P0A1Q2

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

By similarity

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P0A1Q2

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini2 – 126VOCPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST125

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the glyoxalase I family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4108UYE Bacteria
COG0346 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000232011

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K01759

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
KTAWTFS

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P0A1Q2

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.10.180.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR029068 Glyas_Bleomycin-R_OHBP_Dase
IPR004360 Glyas_Fos-R_dOase_dom
IPR004361 Glyoxalase_1
IPR018146 Glyoxalase_1_CS
IPR037523 VOC

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00903 Glyoxalase, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF54593 SSF54593, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00068 glyox_I, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00934 GLYOXALASE_I_1, 1 hit
PS00935 GLYOXALASE_I_2, 1 hit
PS51819 VOC, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P0A1Q2-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MRLLHTMLRV GDLQRSIAFY TNVLGMKLLR TSENPEYKYS LAFVGYGPET
60 70 80 90 100
EEAVIELTYN WGVESYDMGN AYGHIALSVD NAAEACERIR QNGGNVTREA
110 120 130
GPVKGGSTII AFVEDPDGYK IELIEAKDAG RGLGN
Length:135
Mass (Da):14,822
Last modified:March 15, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i35844EF34EAB5CDA
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti76A → G in AAC44877 (PubMed:9047352).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U57364 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC44877.1
AE006468 Genomic DNA Translation: AAL20357.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
JC6313

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_460398.1, NC_003197.2
WP_001237787.1, NC_003197.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAL20357; AAL20357; STM1435

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
1252953

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
stm:STM1435

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|99287.12.peg.1518

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U57364 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC44877.1
AE006468 Genomic DNA Translation: AAL20357.1
PIRiJC6313
RefSeqiNP_460398.1, NC_003197.2
WP_001237787.1, NC_003197.2

3D structure databases

SMRiP0A1Q2
ModBaseiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP0A1Q2
PRIDEiP0A1Q2

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAL20357; AAL20357; STM1435
GeneIDi1252953
KEGGistm:STM1435
PATRICifig|99287.12.peg.1518

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4108UYE Bacteria
COG0346 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000232011
KOiK01759
OMAiKTAWTFS
PhylomeDBiP0A1Q2

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00619;UER00675
BioCyciSENT99287:STM1435-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.10.180.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029068 Glyas_Bleomycin-R_OHBP_Dase
IPR004360 Glyas_Fos-R_dOase_dom
IPR004361 Glyoxalase_1
IPR018146 Glyoxalase_1_CS
IPR037523 VOC
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00903 Glyoxalase, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF54593 SSF54593, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00068 glyox_I, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00934 GLYOXALASE_I_1, 1 hit
PS00935 GLYOXALASE_I_2, 1 hit
PS51819 VOC, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiLGUL_SALTY
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P0A1Q2
Secondary accession number(s): Q60003
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 15, 2005
Last sequence update: March 15, 2005
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 88 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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