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Entry version 98 (18 Sep 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Mar 2005)
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Protein

Immunoglobulin G-binding protein A

Gene

spa

Organism
Staphylococcus aureus (strain Mu50 / ATCC 700699)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Plays a role in the inhibition of the host innate and adaptive immune responses. Possesses five immunoglobulin-binding domains that capture both the fragment crystallizable region (Fc region) and the Fab region (part of Ig that identifies antigen) of immunoglobulins (By similarity). In turn, Staphylococcus aureus is protected from phagocytic killing via inhibition of Ig Fc region. In addition, the host elicited B-cell response is prevented due to a decrease of antibody-secreting cell proliferation that enter the bone marrow, thereby decreasing long-term antibody production. Inhibits osteogenesis by preventing osteoblast proliferation and expression of alkaline phosphatase, type I collagen, osteopontin and osteocalcin. Acts directly as a proinflammatory factor in the lung through its ability to bind and activate tumor necrosis factor alpha receptor 1/TNFRSF1A (By similarity).By similarity

Miscellaneous

Unlike many other strains of S.aureus, SpA has only 4 Ig-binding domains in Mu50.Curated

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionIgG-binding protein
Biological processVirulence

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
SAUR158878:SAV_RS00690-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Immunoglobulin G-binding protein A
Short name:
IgG-binding protein A
Alternative name(s):
Staphylococcal protein A
Short name:
SpA
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:spa
Ordered Locus Names:SAV0111
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiStaphylococcus aureus (strain Mu50 / ATCC 700699)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri158878 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesBacilliBacillalesStaphylococcaceaeStaphylococcus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002481 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell wall, Secreted

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section describes the use of a specific protein in the biotechnological industry.<p><a href='/help/biotechnological_use' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Biotechnological usei

Important immunodiagnostic reagent because of its ability to bind the Fab and Fc fragments of a wide range of mammalian immunoglobulins.Curated

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 36Sequence analysisAdd BLAST36
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000000564937 – 419Immunoglobulin G-binding protein AAdd BLAST383
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section describes a propeptide, which is a part of a protein that is cleaved during maturation or activation. Once cleaved, a propeptide generally has no independent biological function.<p><a href='/help/propep' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PropeptideiPRO_0000005650420 – 450Removed by sortasePROSITE-ProRule annotationBy similarityAdd BLAST31

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei419Pentaglycyl murein peptidoglycan amidated threoninePROSITE-ProRule annotation1

Keywords - PTMi

Peptidoglycan-anchor

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P0A015

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P0A015

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with host TNFRSF1A; this interaction leads to the stimulation of both surface expression and shedding of TNFRSF1A.

By similarity

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1450
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P0A015

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section indicates the positions and types of repeated sequence motifs or repeated domains within the protein.<p><a href='/help/repeat' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Repeati37 – 92Immunoglobulin-binding region EBy similarityAdd BLAST56
Repeati93 – 153Immunoglobulin-binding region DBy similarityAdd BLAST61
Repeati154 – 211Immunoglobulin-binding region ABy similarityAdd BLAST58
Repeati212 – 269Immunoglobulin-binding region B/CCuratedAdd BLAST58
Repeati268 – 2752-18
Repeati276 – 2832-28
Repeati284 – 2912-38
Repeati292 – 2992-48
Repeati300 – 3072-58
Repeati308 – 3152-68
Repeati316 – 3232-78
Repeati324 – 3312-88
Repeati332 – 3392-98
Repeati340 – 3472-108
Repeati348 – 3552-118
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini355 – 399LysMPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST45

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni268 – 35512 X 8 AA approximate tandem repeatsAdd BLAST88

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi7 – 18YSIRK-G/S signaling motifBy similarityAdd BLAST12
Motifi416 – 420LPXTG sorting signalPROSITE-ProRule annotation5

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

Each of the immunoglobulin-binding region repeats can bind the Fc region of an immunoglobulin.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat, Signal

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4106I9N Bacteria
ENOG410XXBQ LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000279707

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K14196

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
AQQNKFN

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00118 LysM, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.10.350.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR019948 Gram-positive_anchor
IPR009063 Ig/albumin-bd_sf
IPR019931 LPXTG_anchor
IPR018392 LysM_dom
IPR036779 LysM_dom_sf
IPR005038 Octapeptide
IPR003132 Protein_A_Ig-bd
IPR005877 YSIRK_signal_dom

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02216 B, 4 hits
PF00746 Gram_pos_anchor, 1 hit
PF01476 LysM, 1 hit
PF03373 Octapeptide, 10 hits
PF04650 YSIRK_signal, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00257 LysM, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF46997 SSF46997, 4 hits

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01168 YSIRK_signal, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50847 GRAM_POS_ANCHORING, 1 hit
PS51782 LYSM, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P0A015-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MKKKNIYSIR KLGVGIASVT LGTLLISGGV TPAANAAQHD EAQQNAFYQV
60 70 80 90 100
LNMPNLNADQ RNGFIQSLKD DPSQSANVLG EAQKLNDSQA PKADAQQNNF
110 120 130 140 150
NKDQQSAFYE ILNMPNLNEA QRNGFIQSLK DDPSQSTNVL GEAKKLNESQ
160 170 180 190 200
APKADNNFNK EQQNAFYEIL NMPNLNEEQR NGFIQSLKDD PSQSANLLSE
210 220 230 240 250
AKKLNESQAP KADNKFNKEQ QNAFYEILHL PNLNEEQRNG FIQSLKDDPS
260 270 280 290 300
VSKEILAEAK KLNDAQAPKE EDNKKPGKED GNKPGKEDGN KPGKEDNKKP
310 320 330 340 350
GKEDGNKPGK EDNNKPGKED GNKPGKEDNN KPGKEDGNKP GKEDGNKPGK
360 370 380 390 400
EDGNGVHVVK PGDTVNDIAK ANGTTADKIA ADNKLADKNM IKPGQELVVD
410 420 430 440 450
KKQPANHADA NKAQALPETG EENPFIGTTV FGGLSLALGA ALLAGRRREL
Length:450
Mass (Da):48,873
Last modified:March 1, 2005 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i7BBA8C8578FB1549
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BA000017 Genomic DNA Translation: BAB56273.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
WP_000728765.1, NC_002758.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
BAB56273; BAB56273; SAV0111

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
sav:SAV0111

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BA000017 Genomic DNA Translation: BAB56273.1
RefSeqiWP_000728765.1, NC_002758.2

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
4HJGX-ray2.00H101-151[»]
4HKZX-ray2.08H101-151[»]
4IOIX-ray1.95H101-151[»]
SMRiP0A015
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP0A015
PRIDEiP0A015

Protocols and materials databases

ABCD curated depository of sequenced antibodies

More...
ABCDi
P0A015

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiBAB56273; BAB56273; SAV0111
KEGGisav:SAV0111

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4106I9N Bacteria
ENOG410XXBQ LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000279707
KOiK14196
OMAiAQQNKFN

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciSAUR158878:SAV_RS00690-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P0A015

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00118 LysM, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.10.350.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR019948 Gram-positive_anchor
IPR009063 Ig/albumin-bd_sf
IPR019931 LPXTG_anchor
IPR018392 LysM_dom
IPR036779 LysM_dom_sf
IPR005038 Octapeptide
IPR003132 Protein_A_Ig-bd
IPR005877 YSIRK_signal_dom
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02216 B, 4 hits
PF00746 Gram_pos_anchor, 1 hit
PF01476 LysM, 1 hit
PF03373 Octapeptide, 10 hits
PF04650 YSIRK_signal, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00257 LysM, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF46997 SSF46997, 4 hits
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01168 YSIRK_signal, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50847 GRAM_POS_ANCHORING, 1 hit
PS51782 LYSM, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSPA_STAAM
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P0A015
Secondary accession number(s): Q99XA2
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 1, 2005
Last sequence update: March 1, 2005
Last modified: September 18, 2019
This is version 98 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
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