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Entry version 126 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Jul 1989)
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Protein

RAF proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase

Gene

raf1

Organism
Xenopus laevis (African clawed frog)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Serine/threonine-protein kinase that acts as a regulatory link between the membrane-associated Ras GTPases and the MAPK/ERK cascade, and this critical regulatory link functions as a switch determining cell fate decisions. RAF1 activation initiates a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade that comprises a sequential phosphorylation of the dual-specific MAPK kinases (MAP2K1/MEK1 and MAP2K2/MEK2) and the extracellular signal-regulated kinases (MAPK3/ERK1 and MAPK1/ERK2) (By similarity).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Zn2+By similarityNote: Binds 2 Zn2+ ions per subunit.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi138Zinc 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi151Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi154Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi164Zinc 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi167Zinc 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi172Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi175Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi183Zinc 1By similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei366ATPPROSITE-ProRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei459Proton acceptorPROSITE-ProRule annotation1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section specifies the position(s) and type(s) of zinc fingers within the protein.<p><a href='/help/zn_fing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Zinc fingeri137 – 183Phorbol-ester/DAG-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST47
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi346 – 354ATPPROSITE-ProRule annotation9

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionKinase, Serine/threonine-protein kinase, Transferase
LigandATP-binding, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding, Zinc

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
2.7.10.2 6725

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
RAF proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase (EC:2.7.11.1)
Alternative name(s):
C-RAF
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:raf1
Synonyms:raf
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri8355 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiAmphibiaBatrachiaAnuraPipoideaPipidaeXenopodinaeXenopusXenopus

Organism-specific databases

Xenopus laevis and tropicalis biology and genomics resource

More...
Xenbasei
XB-GENE-6053397 raf1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Keywords - Diseasei

Proto-oncogene

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000866001 – 638RAF proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinaseAdd BLAST638

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei43PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei257PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei266Phosphothreonine; by autocatalysisBy similarity1
Modified residuei329PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei490PhosphoserineBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylation at Ser-257 inactivates kinase activity. Dephosphorylation of Ser-257 by a complex containing protein phosphatase 1 relieves inactivation, leading to stimulate RAF1 activity (By similarity).By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P09560

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-1075N

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P09560

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini56 – 130RBDPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST75
Domaini340 – 600Protein kinasePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST261

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Zinc finger

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Zinc fingeri137 – 183Phorbol-ester/DAG-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST47

Keywords - Domaini

Zinc-finger

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00029 C1, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011009 Kinase-like_dom_sf
IPR002219 PE/DAG-bd
IPR000719 Prot_kinase_dom
IPR017441 Protein_kinase_ATP_BS
IPR003116 RBD_dom
IPR001245 Ser-Thr/Tyr_kinase_cat_dom
IPR008271 Ser/Thr_kinase_AS
IPR029071 Ubiquitin-like_domsf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00130 C1_1, 1 hit
PF07714 Pkinase_Tyr, 1 hit
PF02196 RBD, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00109 C1, 1 hit
SM00455 RBD, 1 hit
SM00220 S_TKc, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF54236 SSF54236, 1 hit
SSF56112 SSF56112, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00107 PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP, 1 hit
PS50011 PROTEIN_KINASE_DOM, 1 hit
PS00108 PROTEIN_KINASE_ST, 1 hit
PS50898 RBD, 1 hit
PS00479 ZF_DAG_PE_1, 1 hit
PS50081 ZF_DAG_PE_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P09560-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MEHIQGAWKT LSNGFGFKES VFEGSSCMSP TIVHQFGYQR RASDDGKLSD
60 70 80 90 100
TSKTSSTMRV YLPNKQRTVV NVRSGMSLHD CLMKSLKVRG LQPECCAVFR
110 120 130 140 150
LIQDPKGKLR LDWNTDAMSL VGAELQVDFL DHVPLTTHNF VRKTFLKLAF
160 170 180 190 200
CDICQKFLLN AFRCQTCGYK FHEHCSTKVP TMCVDWSNIR QLLLFPNPNN
210 220 230 240 250
IEGGSHTLPS LTMRRIGESV RIPVSSQQRY STPHPFSFST PSPVSECSLS
260 270 280 290 300
QRQRSTSTPN VHMVSTTMAV DSRVIEDALR SHSESGSPNN LSPTGWSNAK
310 320 330 340 350
APAPTHREKA ASSTGQEKNK IRARGQRDSS YYWEIIASEV MLSSRIGSGS
360 370 380 390 400
FGTVYKGKWH GDVAVKILKV TDPTPEQLQA FRNEVAVLRK TRHVNILLFM
410 420 430 440 450
GYMTKDNLAI VTQWCEGSSL YYHLHVLDTK FQMFQLIDIA RQTAQGMDYL
460 470 480 490 500
HAKNIIHRDM KSNNIFLHEG LTVKIGDFGL ATVKTRWSGS QQVEQLTGSI
510 520 530 540 550
LWMAPEVIRM QDNNPFSFQS DVYSYGIVLY ELMTGELPYS HIRDRDQIIF
560 570 580 590 600
LVGRGGVVPD LSKLYKNCPK AMKRLVADSI KKLRDERPLF PQILSSIELL
610 620 630
QHSLPKINRS ALEPSLHRAA HTEDISSCAL TSTRLPVF
Length:638
Mass (Da):71,960
Last modified:July 1, 1989 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i1FF352BFFBF528DF
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti309K → R in AAB20707 (PubMed:1721855).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X12948 mRNA Translation: CAA31407.1
S74063 mRNA Translation: AAB20707.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S01930 TVXLRF

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X12948 mRNA Translation: CAA31407.1
S74063 mRNA Translation: AAB20707.1
PIRiS01930 TVXLRF

3D structure databases

SMRiP09560
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

DIPiDIP-1075N

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP09560

Organism-specific databases

XenbaseiXB-GENE-6053397 raf1

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDAi2.7.10.2 6725

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00029 C1, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011009 Kinase-like_dom_sf
IPR002219 PE/DAG-bd
IPR000719 Prot_kinase_dom
IPR017441 Protein_kinase_ATP_BS
IPR003116 RBD_dom
IPR001245 Ser-Thr/Tyr_kinase_cat_dom
IPR008271 Ser/Thr_kinase_AS
IPR029071 Ubiquitin-like_domsf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00130 C1_1, 1 hit
PF07714 Pkinase_Tyr, 1 hit
PF02196 RBD, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00109 C1, 1 hit
SM00455 RBD, 1 hit
SM00220 S_TKc, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF54236 SSF54236, 1 hit
SSF56112 SSF56112, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00107 PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP, 1 hit
PS50011 PROTEIN_KINASE_DOM, 1 hit
PS00108 PROTEIN_KINASE_ST, 1 hit
PS50898 RBD, 1 hit
PS00479 ZF_DAG_PE_1, 1 hit
PS50081 ZF_DAG_PE_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiRAF1_XENLA
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P09560
Secondary accession number(s): Q91390
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 1, 1989
Last sequence update: July 1, 1989
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 126 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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