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Entry version 163 (07 Apr 2021)
Sequence version 2 (23 Jan 2007)
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Protein

Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1

Gene

gapA

Organism
Bacillus subtilis (strain 168)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the glycolysis. Catalyzes the oxidative phosphorylation of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) to 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate (BPG) using the cofactor NAD. The first reaction step involves the formation of a hemiacetal intermediate between G3P and a cysteine residue, and this hemiacetal intermediate is then oxidized to a thioester, with concomitant reduction of NAD to NADH. The reduced NADH is then exchanged with the second NAD, and the thioester is attacked by a nucleophilic inorganic phosphate to produce BPG.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: glycolysis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes pyruvate from D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.1 Publication
Proteins known to be involved in the 5 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1 (gapA)
  2. Phosphoglycerate kinase (pgk), Phosphoglycerate kinase (pgk)
  3. 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate-independent phosphoglycerate mutase (gpmI), 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate-independent phosphoglycerate mutase (gpmI)
  4. Enolase (eno), Enolase (eno)
  5. Pyruvate kinase (pyk), Pyruvate kinase (pyk)
This subpathway is part of the pathway glycolysis, which is itself part of Carbohydrate degradation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes pyruvate from D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, the pathway glycolysis and in Carbohydrate degradation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei34NADBy similarity1
Binding sitei78NAD; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Binding sitei120NADBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei152NucleophileBy similarity1
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections ('Function', 'PTM / Processing', 'Pathology and Biotech') according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei179Activates thiol group during catalysisBy similarity1
Binding sitei182Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphateBy similarity1
Binding sitei183NADBy similarity1
Binding sitei197Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphateBy similarity1
Binding sitei233Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphateBy similarity1
Binding sitei315NADBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi12 – 13NADBy similarity2

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

  • glucose metabolic process Source: GO_Central
  • glycolytic process Source: UniProtKB

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processGlycolysis
LigandNAD, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
BSUB:BSU33940-MONOMER

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00109;UER00184

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 11 Publication (EC:1.2.1.121 Publication)
Short name:
GAPDH1 Publication
Alternative name(s):
NAD-dependent glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:gapA1 Publication
Synonyms:gap
Ordered Locus Names:BSU33940
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBacillus subtilis (strain 168)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri224308 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesBacilliBacillalesBacillaceaeBacillus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001570 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

Cells lacking this gene are unable to grow in medium containing glucose as a sole carbon source but presents the same growth rate as the wild-type in asparagine-containing medium.1 Publication

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemoved2 Publications
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001456342 – 335Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1Add BLAST334

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
P09124

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P09124

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P09124

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Repressed by CggR and indirectly stimulated by CcpA.2 Publications

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P09124, 2 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
P09124

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
224308.BSU33940

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P09124

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni151 – 153Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate bindingBy similarity3
Regioni210 – 211Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate bindingBy similarity2

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
COG0057, Bacteria

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P09124

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
HETYKGE

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P09124

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR020831, GlycerAld/Erythrose_P_DH
IPR020830, GlycerAld_3-P_DH_AS
IPR020829, GlycerAld_3-P_DH_cat
IPR020828, GlycerAld_3-P_DH_NAD(P)-bd
IPR006424, Glyceraldehyde-3-P_DH_1
IPR036291, NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02800, Gp_dh_C, 1 hit
PF00044, Gp_dh_N, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000149, GAP_DH, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00078, G3PDHDRGNASE

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00846, Gp_dh_N, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51735, SSF51735, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01534, GAPDH-I, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00071, GAPDH, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P09124-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAVKVGINGF GRIGRNVFRA ALNNPEVEVV AVNDLTDANM LAHLLQYDSV
60 70 80 90 100
HGKLDAEVSV DGNNLVVNGK TIEVSAERDP AKLSWGKQGV EIVVESTGFF
110 120 130 140 150
TKRADAAKHL EAGAKKVIIS APANEEDITI VMGVNEDKYD AANHDVISNA
160 170 180 190 200
SCTTNCLAPF AKVLNDKFGI KRGMMTTVHS YTNDQQILDL PHKDYRRARA
210 220 230 240 250
AAENIIPTST GAAKAVSLVL PELKGKLNGG AMRVPTPNVS LVDLVAELNQ
260 270 280 290 300
EVTAEEVNAA LKEAAEGDLK GILGYSEEPL VSGDYNGNKN SSTIDALSTM
310 320 330
VMEGSMVKVI SWYDNESGYS NRVVDLAAYI AKKGL
Length:335
Mass (Da):35,833
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iB7A422A5CE3AD1DF
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti5V → VI AA sequence (PubMed:10658653).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X13011 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA31434.1
AL009126 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB15399.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S02754, DEBSG

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_391274.1, NC_000964.3
WP_003219957.1, NZ_JNCM01000033.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
CAB15399; CAB15399; BSU_33940

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
938627

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bsu:BSU33940

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|224308.179.peg.3680

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X13011 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA31434.1
AL009126 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB15399.1
PIRiS02754, DEBSG
RefSeqiNP_391274.1, NC_000964.3
WP_003219957.1, NZ_JNCM01000033.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP09124
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiP09124, 2 interactors
MINTiP09124
STRINGi224308.BSU33940

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiP09124
PaxDbiP09124
PRIDEiP09124

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCAB15399; CAB15399; BSU_33940
GeneIDi938627
KEGGibsu:BSU33940
PATRICifig|224308.179.peg.3680

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0057, Bacteria
InParanoidiP09124
OMAiHETYKGE
PhylomeDBiP09124

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00109;UER00184
BioCyciBSUB:BSU33940-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P09124

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR020831, GlycerAld/Erythrose_P_DH
IPR020830, GlycerAld_3-P_DH_AS
IPR020829, GlycerAld_3-P_DH_cat
IPR020828, GlycerAld_3-P_DH_NAD(P)-bd
IPR006424, Glyceraldehyde-3-P_DH_1
IPR036291, NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02800, Gp_dh_C, 1 hit
PF00044, Gp_dh_N, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000149, GAP_DH, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00078, G3PDHDRGNASE
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00846, Gp_dh_N, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51735, SSF51735, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01534, GAPDH-I, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00071, GAPDH, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiG3P1_BACSU
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P09124
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 1, 1989
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: April 7, 2021
This is version 163 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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