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Entry version 179 (05 Jun 2019)
Sequence version 2 (01 Dec 1992)
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Protein

Phenylalanine--tRNA ligase alpha subunit

Gene

pheS

Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+By similarityNote: Binds 2 magnesium ions per tetramer.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi252MagnesiumBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

  • phenylalanyl-tRNA aminoacylation Source: EcoCyc

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, Ligase
Biological processProtein biosynthesis
LigandATP-binding, Magnesium, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
EcoCyc:PHES-MONOMER
ECOL316407:JW5277-MONOMER
MetaCyc:PHES-MONOMER

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
P08312

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Phenylalanine--tRNA ligase alpha subunit (EC:6.1.1.20)
Alternative name(s):
Phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase alpha subunit
Short name:
PheRS
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:pheS
Ordered Locus Names:b1714, JW5277
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEscherichia coli (strain K12)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83333 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000318 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome
  • UP000000625 Componenti: Chromosome

Organism-specific databases

Escherichia coli strain K12 genome database

More...
EcoGenei
EG10709 pheS

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001267011 – 327Phenylalanine--tRNA ligase alpha subunitAdd BLAST327

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

More...
EPDi
P08312

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
P08312

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P08312

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P08312

2D gel databases

Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis database from the Geneva University Hospital

More...
SWISS-2DPAGEi
P08312

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Tetramer of two alpha and two beta subunits.

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated on a monthly basis. Each binary interaction is displayed on a separate line.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
4260287, 264 interactors
850583, 1 interactor

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-6878N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P08312, 7 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
511145.b1714

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1327
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P08312

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105CSS Bacteria
COG0016 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000242675

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P08312

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K01889

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P08312

Family and domain databases

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00281 Phe_tRNA_synth_alpha1, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR006195 aa-tRNA-synth_II
IPR004529 Phe-tRNA-synth_IIc_asu
IPR004188 Phe-tRNA_ligase_II_N
IPR022911 Phe_tRNA_ligase_alpha1_bac
IPR002319 Phenylalanyl-tRNA_Synthase
IPR010978 tRNA-bd_arm

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02912 Phe_tRNA-synt_N, 1 hit
PF01409 tRNA-synt_2d, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF46589 SSF46589, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00468 pheS, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50862 AA_TRNA_LIGASE_II, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P08312-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSHLAELVAS AKAAISQASD VAALDNVRVE YLGKKGHLTL QMTTLRELPP
60 70 80 90 100
EERPAAGAVI NEAKEQVQQA LNARKAELES AALNARLAAE TIDVSLPGRR
110 120 130 140 150
IENGGLHPVT RTIDRIESFF GELGFTVATG PEIEDDYHNF DALNIPGHHP
160 170 180 190 200
ARADHDTFWF DTTRLLRTQT SGVQIRTMKA QQPPIRIIAP GRVYRNDYDQ
210 220 230 240 250
THTPMFHQME GLIVDTNISF TNLKGTLHDF LRNFFEEDLQ IRFRPSYFPF
260 270 280 290 300
TEPSAEVDVM GKNGKWLEVL GCGMVHPNVL RNVGIDPEVY SGFAFGMGME
310 320
RLTMLRYGVT DLRSFFENDL RFLKQFK
Length:327
Mass (Da):36,832
Last modified:December 1, 1992 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i601082304FD27110
GO

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence CAA23564 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti74R → A in CAA23564 (Ref. 2) Curated1
Sequence conflicti74R → A in AAA51469 (PubMed:9278503).Curated1

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural varianti98G → D in thermosensitive mutant pheS5; might cause subunit disaggregation due to electrostatic repulsion. 1 Publication1
Natural varianti191G → D Decreased affinity for Phe. 1 Publication1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
V00291 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA23564.1 Different initiation.
K02844 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA51469.1
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC74784.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA15482.2

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
B64930 SYECFA

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_416229.1, NC_000913.3
WP_000018596.1, NZ_LN832404.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAC74784; AAC74784; b1714
BAA15482; BAA15482; BAA15482

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
946223

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ecj:JW5277
eco:b1714

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|1411691.4.peg.543

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
V00291 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA23564.1 Different initiation.
K02844 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA51469.1
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC74784.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA15482.2
PIRiB64930 SYECFA
RefSeqiNP_416229.1, NC_000913.3
WP_000018596.1, NZ_LN832404.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
3PCOX-ray3.02A/C1-327[»]
SMRiP08312
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi4260287, 264 interactors
850583, 1 interactor
DIPiDIP-6878N
IntActiP08312, 7 interactors
STRINGi511145.b1714

2D gel databases

SWISS-2DPAGEiP08312

Proteomic databases

EPDiP08312
jPOSTiP08312
PaxDbiP08312
PRIDEiP08312

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAC74784; AAC74784; b1714
BAA15482; BAA15482; BAA15482
GeneIDi946223
KEGGiecj:JW5277
eco:b1714
PATRICifig|1411691.4.peg.543

Organism-specific databases

EchoBASE - an integrated post-genomic database for E. coli

More...
EchoBASEi
EB0703
EcoGeneiEG10709 pheS

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105CSS Bacteria
COG0016 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000242675
InParanoidiP08312
KOiK01889
PhylomeDBiP08312

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciEcoCyc:PHES-MONOMER
ECOL316407:JW5277-MONOMER
MetaCyc:PHES-MONOMER
SABIO-RKiP08312

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P08312

Family and domain databases

HAMAPiMF_00281 Phe_tRNA_synth_alpha1, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR006195 aa-tRNA-synth_II
IPR004529 Phe-tRNA-synth_IIc_asu
IPR004188 Phe-tRNA_ligase_II_N
IPR022911 Phe_tRNA_ligase_alpha1_bac
IPR002319 Phenylalanyl-tRNA_Synthase
IPR010978 tRNA-bd_arm
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02912 Phe_tRNA-synt_N, 1 hit
PF01409 tRNA-synt_2d, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF46589 SSF46589, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00468 pheS, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50862 AA_TRNA_LIGASE_II, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSYFA_ECOLI
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P08312
Secondary accession number(s): P78233, Q59406
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1988
Last sequence update: December 1, 1992
Last modified: June 5, 2019
This is version 179 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases
    List of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase entries
  4. Escherichia coli
    Escherichia coli (strain K12): entries and cross-references to EcoGene
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