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Entry version 153 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Aug 1988)
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Protein

Neuromodulin

Gene

Gap43

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

This protein is associated with nerve growth. It is a major component of the motile "growth cones" that form the tips of elongating axons. Plays a role in axonal and dendritic filopodia induction (By similarity).By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionCalmodulin-binding, Developmental protein
Biological processDifferentiation, Growth regulation, Neurogenesis

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-373760 L1CAM interactions

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Neuromodulin
Alternative name(s):
Axonal membrane protein GAP-43
Growth-associated protein 43
Protein F1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Gap43
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 11

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
62071 Gap43

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell junction, Cell membrane, Cell projection, Membrane, Synapse

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001595991 – 226NeuromodulinAdd BLAST226

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position(s) and the type of covalently attached lipid group(s).<p><a href='/help/lipid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Lipidationi3S-palmitoyl cysteineBy similarity1
Lipidationi4S-palmitoyl cysteineBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei41Phosphoserine; by PHK and PKC2 Publications1
Modified residuei86PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei96PhosphoserineCombined sources1 Publication1
Modified residuei142PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei144PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei145PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei172PhosphothreonineCombined sources2 Publications1
Modified residuei191PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei192PhosphoserineCombined sources1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Palmitoylation by ARF6 is essential for plasma membrane association and axonal and dendritic filopodia induction. Deacylated by LYPLA2 (By similarity).By similarity
Phosphorylated at Ser-41 by PHK. Phosphorylation of this protein by a protein kinase C is specifically correlated with certain forms of synaptic plasticity.3 Publications

Keywords - PTMi

Lipoprotein, Palmitate, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
P07936

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P07936

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P07936

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P07936

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
P07936

SwissPalm database of S-palmitoylation events

More...
SwissPalmi
P07936

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000001528 Expressed in 9 organ(s), highest expression level in brain

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P07936 RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Identified in a complex containing FGFR4, NCAM1, CDH2, PLCG1, FRS2, SRC, SHC1, GAP43 and CTTN. Binds calmodulin with a greater affinity in the absence of Ca2+ than in its presence.By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
248071, 5 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000002091

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P07936

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini31 – 60IQPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST30

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 4Important for membrane bindingBy similarity4

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the neuromodulin family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410IVZP Eukaryota
ENOG411256P LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00730000111265

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000013014

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P07936

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K20041

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
IPLHALD

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1531103at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P07936

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF333213

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000048 IQ_motif_EF-hand-BS
IPR001422 Neuromodulin
IPR017454 Neuromodulin_C
IPR018947 Neuromodulin_gap-junction_N
IPR033137 Neuromodulin_P_site
IPR018243 Neuromodulin_palmitoyl_site

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00612 IQ, 1 hit
PF06614 Neuromodulin, 1 hit
PF10580 Neuromodulin_N, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00215 NEUROMODULIN

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00015 IQ, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50096 IQ, 1 hit
PS00412 NEUROMODULIN_1, 1 hit
PS00413 NEUROMODULIN_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P07936-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MLCCMRRTKQ VEKNDEDQKI EQDGVKPEDK AHKAATKIQA SFRGHITRKK
60 70 80 90 100
LKDEKKGDAP AAEAEAKEKD DAPVADGVEK KEGDGSATTD AAPATSPKAE
110 120 130 140 150
EPSKAGDAPS EEKKGEGDAA PSEEKAGSAE TESAAKATTD NSPSSKAEDG
160 170 180 190 200
PAKEEPKQAD VPAAVTDAAA TTPAAEDAAK AAQPPTETAE SSQAEEEKEA
210 220
VDEAKPKESA RQDEGKEDPE ADQEHA
Length:226
Mass (Da):23,603
Last modified:August 1, 1988 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i1314B2CDC61DB746
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M16228 mRNA Translation: AAA41190.1
M16736 mRNA Translation: AAA41192.1
X06338 mRNA Translation: CAA29644.1
L21192, L21190, L21191 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA41189.1
BC127502 mRNA Translation: AAI27503.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A26964

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_058891.1, NM_017195.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000002091; ENSRNOP00000002091; ENSRNOG00000001528

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
29423

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:29423

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:62071 rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M16228 mRNA Translation: AAA41190.1
M16736 mRNA Translation: AAA41192.1
X06338 mRNA Translation: CAA29644.1
L21192, L21190, L21191 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA41189.1
BC127502 mRNA Translation: AAI27503.1
PIRiA26964
RefSeqiNP_058891.1, NM_017195.3

3D structure databases

SMRiP07936
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi248071, 5 interactors
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000002091

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP07936
PhosphoSitePlusiP07936
SwissPalmiP07936

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiP07936
PaxDbiP07936
PRIDEiP07936

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000002091; ENSRNOP00000002091; ENSRNOG00000001528
GeneIDi29423
KEGGirno:29423
UCSCiRGD:62071 rat

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
2596
RGDi62071 Gap43

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IVZP Eukaryota
ENOG411256P LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00730000111265
HOGENOMiHOG000013014
InParanoidiP07936
KOiK20041
OMAiIPLHALD
OrthoDBi1531103at2759
PhylomeDBiP07936
TreeFamiTF333213

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-373760 L1CAM interactions

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P07936

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000001528 Expressed in 9 organ(s), highest expression level in brain
GenevisibleiP07936 RN

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000048 IQ_motif_EF-hand-BS
IPR001422 Neuromodulin
IPR017454 Neuromodulin_C
IPR018947 Neuromodulin_gap-junction_N
IPR033137 Neuromodulin_P_site
IPR018243 Neuromodulin_palmitoyl_site
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00612 IQ, 1 hit
PF06614 Neuromodulin, 1 hit
PF10580 Neuromodulin_N, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00215 NEUROMODULIN
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00015 IQ, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50096 IQ, 1 hit
PS00412 NEUROMODULIN_1, 1 hit
PS00413 NEUROMODULIN_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiNEUM_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P07936
Secondary accession number(s): A0JPM4
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 1, 1988
Last sequence update: August 1, 1988
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 153 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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