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Entry version 141 (05 Jun 2019)
Sequence version 1 (21 Jul 1986)
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Protein

Matrix protein 1

Gene

M

Organism
Influenza A virus (strain A/Puerto Rico/8/1934 H1N1)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Plays critical roles in virus replication, from virus entry and uncoating to assembly and budding of the virus particle. M1 binding to ribonucleocapsids (RNPs) in nucleus seems to inhibit viral transcription. Interaction of viral NEP with M1-RNP is thought to promote nuclear export of the complex, which is targeted to the virion assembly site at the apical plasma membrane in polarized epithelial cells. Interactions with NA and HA may bring M1, a non-raft-associated protein, into lipid rafts. Forms a continuous shell on the inner side of the lipid bilayer in virion, where it binds the RNP. During virus entry into cell, the M2 ion channel acidifies the internal virion core, inducing M1 dissociation from the RNP. M1-free RNPs are transported to the nucleus, where viral transcription and replication can take place.UniRule annotation1 Publication
Determines the virion's shape: spherical or filamentous. Clinical isolates of influenza are characterized by the presence of significant proportion of filamentous virions, whereas after multiple passage on eggs or cell culture, virions have only spherical morphology. Filamentous virions are thought to be important to infect neighboring cells, and spherical virions more suited to spread through aerosol between hosts organisms.UniRule annotation1 Publication

Miscellaneous

Most abundant protein in virion. When expressed alone can form virus-like particles in transfected cells.UniRule annotation

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionRNA-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-HSA-168255 Influenza Life Cycle
R-HSA-168275 Entry of Influenza Virion into Host Cell via Endocytosis
R-HSA-168288 Fusion of the Influenza Virion to the Host Cell Endosome
R-HSA-168298 Release
R-HSA-168302 Budding
R-HSA-168303 Packaging of Eight RNA Segments
R-HSA-168316 Assembly of Viral Components at the Budding Site
R-HSA-168330 Viral RNP Complexes in the Host Cell Nucleus
R-HSA-168333 NEP/NS2 Interacts with the Cellular Export Machinery
R-HSA-168336 Uncoating of the Influenza Virion
R-HSA-192823 Viral mRNA Translation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Matrix protein 1UniRule annotation
Short name:
M1UniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:MUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiInfluenza A virus (strain A/Puerto Rico/8/1934 H1N1)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri211044 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiVirusesRiboviriaNegarnaviricotaPolyploviricotinaInsthoviricetesArticulaviralesOrthomyxoviridaeAlphainfluenzavirus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section only exists in viral entries and indicates the host(s) either as a specific organism or taxonomic group of organisms that are susceptible to be infected by a virus.<p><a href='/help/virus_host' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Virus hostiAves [TaxID: 8782]
Homo sapiens (Human) [TaxID: 9606]
Sus scrofa (Pig) [TaxID: 9823]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000116373 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Genome
  • UP000170967 Componenti: Genome
  • UP000009255 Componenti: Genome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Host nucleus, Membrane, Viral matrix protein, Virion

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000788641 – 252Matrix protein 1Add BLAST252

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer and homomultimer. Interacts with NEP. Binds ribonucleocapsid by both interacting with genomic RNA and NP protein. May interact with HA and NA. Cannot bind NP without genomic RNA.UniRule annotation2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated on a monthly basis. Each binary interaction is displayed on a separate line.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P03485, 50 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
P03485

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1252
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P03485

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
P03485

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 164Membrane-bindingUniRule annotationAdd BLAST164
Regioni165 – 252RNP-bindingUniRule annotationAdd BLAST88

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi101 – 105Nuclear localization signalUniRule annotation5

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the influenza viruses Matrix protein M1 family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K19393

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
5567at10239

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.10.180, 1 hit
1.20.91.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_04068 INFV_M1, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR036039 Flu_matrix_M1
IPR013188 Flu_matrix_M1_C
IPR001561 Flu_matrix_M1_N
IPR015423 Flu_matrix_M1_N_sub1
IPR015799 Flu_matrix_M1_N_sub2
IPR037533 INFV_M1

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00598 Flu_M1, 1 hit
PF08289 Flu_M1_C, 1 hit

ProDom; a protein domain database

More...
ProDomi
View protein in ProDom or Entries sharing at least one domain
PD596253 Flu_matrix_M1_C, 1 hit
PD001061 Flu_matrix_M1_N, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00759 Flu_M1_C, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48145 SSF48145, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequences (2)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 2 <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket
Note: Only the first 9 residues are shared by the 2 isoforms.
Isoform M1 (identifier: P03485-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSLLTEVETY VLSIIPSGPL KAEIAQRLED VFAGKNTDLE VLMEWLKTRP
60 70 80 90 100
ILSPLTKGIL GFVFTLTVPS ERGLQRRRFV QNALNGNGDP NNMDKAVKLY
110 120 130 140 150
RKLKREITFH GAKEISLSYS AGALASCMGL IYNRMGAVTT EVAFGLVCAT
160 170 180 190 200
CEQIADSQHR SHRQMVTTTN PLIRHENRMV LASTTAKAME QMAGSSEQAA
210 220 230 240 250
EAMEVASQAR QMVQAMRTIG THPSSSAGLK NDLLENLQAY QKRMGVQMQR

FK
Length:252
Mass (Da):27,893
Last modified:July 21, 1986 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i2A54EEC87C3D4638
GO
Isoform M2 (identifier: P06821-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
The sequence of this isoform can be found in the external entry P06821.
Isoforms of the same protein are often annotated in two different entries if their sequences differ significantly.
Length:97
Mass (Da):11,045
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti207 – 208SQ → IR in ABD77676 (Ref. 4) Curated2

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
V01099 Genomic RNA Translation: CAA24282.1
AF389121 Genomic RNA Translation: AAM75161.1
EF467824 Viral cRNA Translation: ABO21712.1
CY009445 Genomic RNA Translation: ABD77676.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_040978.1, NC_002016.1 [P03485-1]

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
956527

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
vg:956527

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
V01099 Genomic RNA Translation: CAA24282.1
AF389121 Genomic RNA Translation: AAM75161.1
EF467824 Viral cRNA Translation: ABO21712.1
CY009445 Genomic RNA Translation: ABD77676.1
RefSeqiNP_040978.1, NC_002016.1 [P03485-1]

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1AA7X-ray2.08A/B1-158[»]
1EA3X-ray2.30A/B1-164[»]
1HHIX-ray2.50C/F58-66[»]
2VLLX-ray1.60C/F58-66[»]
2VLRX-ray2.30C/H58-66[»]
3VDXX-ray3.00A/B/C3-164[»]
4D9JX-ray3.92A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I/J/K/L3-164[»]
4IQ4X-ray3.50A/B/C/D/E/F3-164[»]
4ITVX-ray3.60A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I/J/K/L3-164[»]
4IVJX-ray7.35A/B/C3-164[»]
4QESX-ray4.19A/B/C3-164[»]
4QF0X-ray6.49A/B/C/D/E/F3-164[»]
4QFFX-ray7.81A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I/J/K/L3-164[»]
5CQEX-ray2.10A/B1-164[»]
5E6IX-ray4.00E/K/O/T58-66[»]
5EUOX-ray2.10I/J58-66[»]
5ISZX-ray2.06C58-66[»]
5JHDX-ray2.46C/H58-66[»]
5TEZX-ray1.70C58-66[»]
SMRiP03485
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiP03485, 50 interactors
MINTiP03485

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi956527
KEGGivg:956527

Phylogenomic databases

KOiK19393
OrthoDBi5567at10239

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-HSA-168255 Influenza Life Cycle
R-HSA-168275 Entry of Influenza Virion into Host Cell via Endocytosis
R-HSA-168288 Fusion of the Influenza Virion to the Host Cell Endosome
R-HSA-168298 Release
R-HSA-168302 Budding
R-HSA-168303 Packaging of Eight RNA Segments
R-HSA-168316 Assembly of Viral Components at the Budding Site
R-HSA-168330 Viral RNP Complexes in the Host Cell Nucleus
R-HSA-168333 NEP/NS2 Interacts with the Cellular Export Machinery
R-HSA-168336 Uncoating of the Influenza Virion
R-HSA-192823 Viral mRNA Translation

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiP03485

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.10.180, 1 hit
1.20.91.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_04068 INFV_M1, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR036039 Flu_matrix_M1
IPR013188 Flu_matrix_M1_C
IPR001561 Flu_matrix_M1_N
IPR015423 Flu_matrix_M1_N_sub1
IPR015799 Flu_matrix_M1_N_sub2
IPR037533 INFV_M1
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00598 Flu_M1, 1 hit
PF08289 Flu_M1_C, 1 hit
ProDomiView protein in ProDom or Entries sharing at least one domain
PD596253 Flu_matrix_M1_C, 1 hit
PD001061 Flu_matrix_M1_N, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00759 Flu_M1_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF48145 SSF48145, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiM1_I34A1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P03485
Secondary accession number(s): A4GXH8, Q20N36, Q77HF4
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 21, 1986
Last sequence update: July 21, 1986
Last modified: June 5, 2019
This is version 141 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programViral Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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