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Protein

Hemagglutinin

Gene

HA

Organism
Influenza B virus (strain B/Lee/1940)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Binds to sialic acid-containing receptors on the cell surface, bringing about the attachment of the virus particle to the cell. Plays a major role in the determination of host range restriction and virulence. Class I viral fusion protein. Responsible for penetration of the virus into the cell cytoplasm by mediating the fusion of the membrane of the endocytosed virus particle with the endosomal membrane. Low pH in endosomes induce an irreversible conformational change in HA2, releasing the fusion hydrophobic peptide. Several trimers are required to form a competent fusion pore.UniRule annotation

Miscellaneous

Major glycoprotein, comprises over 80% of the envelope proteins present in virus particle.
The extent of infection into host organism is determined by HA. Influenza viruses bud from the apical surface of polarized epithelial cells (e.g. bronchial epithelial cells) into lumen of lungs and are therefore usually pneumotropic. The reason is that HA is cleaved by tryptase clara which is restricted to lungs. However, HAs of H5 and H7 pantropic avian viruses subtypes can be cleaved by furin and subtilisin-type enzymes, allowing the virus to grow in other organs than lungs.
The influenza B genome consist of 8 RNA segments. Genetic variation of hemagglutinin and/or neuraminidase genes results in the emergence of new influenza strains. The mechanism of variation can be the result of point mutations or the result of genetic reassortment between segments of two different strains.Curated

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionHemagglutinin
Biological processFusion of virus membrane with host endosomal membrane, Fusion of virus membrane with host membrane, Host-virus interaction, Viral attachment to host cell, Viral penetration into host cytoplasm, Virus endocytosis by host, Virus entry into host cell

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
HemagglutininUniRule annotation
Cleaved into the following 2 chains:
Hemagglutinin HA1 chainUniRule annotation
Hemagglutinin HA2 chainUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:HAUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiInfluenza B virus (strain B/Lee/1940)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri518987 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiVirusesssRNA virusesssRNA negative-strand virusesOrthomyxoviridaeBetainfluenzavirus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section only exists in viral entries and indicates the host(s) either as a specific organism or taxonomic group of organisms that are susceptible to be infected by a virus.<p><a href='/help/virus_host' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Virus hostiHomo sapiens (Human) [TaxID: 9606]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000119685 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Genome
  • UP000008158 Componenti: Genome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini16 – 552ExtracellularUniRule annotationAdd BLAST537
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei553 – 573HelicalUniRule annotationAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini574 – 584CytoplasmicUniRule annotationAdd BLAST11

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Host cell membrane, Host membrane, Membrane, Viral envelope protein, Virion

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 15UniRule annotationAdd BLAST15
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000044054716 – 584HemagglutininUniRule annotationAdd BLAST569
ChainiPRO_000003911416 – 360Hemagglutinin HA1 chainUniRule annotationAdd BLAST345
ChainiPRO_0000039115362 – 584Hemagglutinin HA2 chainUniRule annotationAdd BLAST223

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi19 ↔ 498Interchain (between HA1 and HA2 chains)UniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi40N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine; by hostUniRule annotation1
Glycosylationi74N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine; by hostUniRule annotation1
Disulfide bondi75 ↔ 87UniRule annotation
Disulfide bondi109 ↔ 158UniRule annotation
Glycosylationi180N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine; by hostUniRule annotation1
Glycosylationi247N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine; by hostUniRule annotation1
Glycosylationi318N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine; by hostUniRule annotation1
Glycosylationi347N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine; by hostUniRule annotation1
Disulfide bondi505 ↔ 509UniRule annotation
Glycosylationi506N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine; by hostUniRule annotation1
Glycosylationi532N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine; by hostUniRule annotation1
Glycosylationi545N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine; by hostUniRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position(s) and the type of covalently attached lipid group(s).<p><a href='/help/lipid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Lipidationi580S-palmitoyl cysteine; by hostUniRule annotation1
Lipidationi583S-palmitoyl cysteine; by hostUniRule annotation1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Palmitoylated.UniRule annotation
In natural infection, inactive HA is matured into HA1 and HA2 outside the cell by one or more trypsin-like, arginine-specific endoprotease secreted by the bronchial epithelial cells. One identified protease that may be involved in this process is secreted in lungs by Clara cells.UniRule annotation

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections (‘Function’, ‘PTM / Processing’, ‘Pathology and Biotech’) according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei361 – 362Cleavage; by hostUniRule annotation2

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein, Lipoprotein, Palmitate

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotrimer of disulfide-linked HA1-HA2.UniRule annotation

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1584
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
P03460

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P03460

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the influenza viruses hemagglutinin family.UniRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Signal, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K19251

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
VOG090000DU

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.90.209.20, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_04072 INFV_HEMA, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR008980 Capsid_hemagglutn
IPR013828 Hemagglutn_HA1_a/b_dom_sf
IPR001364 Hemagglutn_influenz_A/B
IPR000386 Hemagglutn_influenz_B

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00509 Hemagglutinin, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00329 HEMAGGLUTN12
PR00331 HEMAGGLUTN2

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF49818 SSF49818, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P03460-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MKAIIVLLMV VTSNADRICT GITSSNSPHV VKTATQGEVN VTGVIPLTTT
60 70 80 90 100
PTKSHFANLK GTQTRGKLCP NCFNCTDLDV ALGRPKCMGN TPSAKVSILH
110 120 130 140 150
EVKPATSGCF PIMHDRTKIR QLPNLLRGYE NIRLSTSNVI NTETAPGGPY
160 170 180 190 200
KVGTSGSCPN VANGNGFFNT MAWVIPKDNN KTAINPVTVE VPYICSEGED
210 220 230 240 250
QITVWGFHSD DKTQMERLYG DSNPQKFTSS ANGVTTHYVS QIGGFPNQTE
260 270 280 290 300
DEGLKQSGRI VVDYMVQKPG KTGTIVYQRG ILLPQKVWCA SGRSKVIKGS
310 320 330 340 350
LPLIGEADCL HEKYGGLNKS KPYYTGEHAK AIGNCPIWVK TPLKLANGTK
360 370 380 390 400
YRPPAKLLKE RGFFGAIAGF LEGGWEGMIA GWHGYTSHGA HGVAVAADLK
410 420 430 440 450
STQEAINKIT KNLNYLSELE VKNLQRLSGA MNELHDEILE LDEKVDDLRA
460 470 480 490 500
DTISSQIELA VLLSNEGIIN SEDEHLLALE RKLKKMLGPS AVEIGNGCFE
510 520 530 540 550
TKHKCNQTCL DRIAAGTFNA GDFSLPTFDS LNITAASLND DGLDNHTILL
560 570 580
YYSTAASSLA VTLMIAIFIV YMVSRDNVSC SICL
Length:584
Mass (Da):63,275
Last modified:July 21, 1986 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i300F4C523D5C285E
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
K00423 Genomic RNA Translation: AAA43716.1
J02093 Genomic RNA Translation: AAA43700.1 Sequence problems.

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
C93986 HMIVB

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_056660.1, NC_002207.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
956538

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
vg:956538

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
K00423 Genomic RNA Translation: AAA43716.1
J02093 Genomic RNA Translation: AAA43700.1 Sequence problems.
PIRiC93986 HMIVB
RefSeqiNP_056660.1, NC_002207.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1TX1model-A16-360[»]
2FFOmodel-A/C/E18-353[»]
B/D/F354-534[»]
4NRJX-ray2.53A/C/E16-361[»]
B/D/F362-537[»]
4NRKX-ray2.63A/C/E16-361[»]
B/D/F362-537[»]
4NRLX-ray2.72A/C/E16-361[»]
B/D/F362-537[»]
ProteinModelPortaliP03460
SMRiP03460
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi956538
KEGGivg:956538

Phylogenomic databases

KOiK19251
OrthoDBiVOG090000DU

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.90.209.20, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_04072 INFV_HEMA, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR008980 Capsid_hemagglutn
IPR013828 Hemagglutn_HA1_a/b_dom_sf
IPR001364 Hemagglutn_influenz_A/B
IPR000386 Hemagglutn_influenz_B
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00509 Hemagglutinin, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00329 HEMAGGLUTN12
PR00331 HEMAGGLUTN2
SUPFAMiSSF49818 SSF49818, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiHEMA_INBLE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P03460
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 21, 1986
Last sequence update: July 21, 1986
Last modified: October 10, 2018
This is version 116 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programViral Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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