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Entry version 130 (29 Sep 2021)
Sequence version 2 (01 Oct 1996)
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Protein

Alpha-crystallin A chain

Gene

CRYAA

Organism
Macaca mulatta (Rhesus macaque)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Contributes to the transparency and refractive index of the lens. Acts as a chaperone, preventing aggregation of various proteins under a wide range of stress conditions. Required for the correct formation of lens intermediate filaments as part of a complex composed of BFSP1, BFSP2 and CRYAA.

By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi100Zinc 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi102Zinc 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi107Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi154Zinc 3By similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionChaperone, Eye lens protein
LigandMetal-binding, Zinc

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Alpha-crystallin A chain
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:CRYAA
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMacaca mulatta (Rhesus macaque)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9544 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniCercopithecidaeCercopithecinaeMacaca
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006718 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 3

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen, Vector and Host Database Resources

More...
VEuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSMMUG00000020271

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001258671 – 172Alpha-crystallin A chainAdd BLAST172

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei1N-acetylmethionine1 Publication1
Modified residuei6Deamidated glutamine; partialBy similarity1
Modified residuei45PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei50Deamidated glutamine; partialBy similarity1
Modified residuei70N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei90Deamidated glutamine; partialBy similarity1
Modified residuei99N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei101Deamidated asparagine; partialBy similarity1
Modified residuei122PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei123Deamidated asparagine; partialBy similarity1
Modified residuei147Deamidated glutamine; partialBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi168O-linked (GlcNAc) serine1 Publication1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Acetylation at Lys-70 may increase chaperone activity.By similarity
Undergoes age-dependent proteolytical cleavage at the C-terminus.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Glycoprotein, Methylation, Phosphoprotein

PTM databases

GlyConnect protein glycosylation platform

More...
GlyConnecti
31, 1 O-Linked glycan

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P02488

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P02488, baseline

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Heteromer composed of three CRYAA and one CRYAB subunits. Inter-subunit bridging via zinc ions enhances stability, which is crucial as there is no protein turn over in the lens. Can also form homodimers and homotetramers (dimers of dimers) which serve as the building blocks of homooligomers. Within homooligomers, the zinc-binding motif is created from residues of 3 different molecules. His-100 and Glu-102 from one molecule are ligands of the zinc ion, and His-107 and His-154 residues from additional molecules complete the site with tetrahedral coordination geometry (By similarity).

Part of a complex required for lens intermediate filament formation composed of BFSP1, BFSP2 and CRYAA.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9544.ENSMMUP00000026679

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P02488

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini52 – 163sHSPPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST112

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 63Required for complex formation with BFSP1 and BFSP2By similarityAdd BLAST63

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the small heat shock protein (HSP20) family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3591, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000160159

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_095001_5_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P02488

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
IIYYDNI

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1187096at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.60.40.790, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002068, A-crystallin/Hsp20_dom
IPR001436, Alpha-crystallin/sHSP_animal
IPR012274, Alpha-crystallin_A
IPR003090, Alpha-crystallin_N
IPR008978, HSP20-like_chaperone

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR45640, PTHR45640, 1 hit
PTHR45640:SF14, PTHR45640:SF14, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00525, Crystallin, 1 hit
PF00011, HSP20, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF036514, Sm_HSP_B1, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00299, ACRYSTALLIN

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF49764, SSF49764, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS01031, SHSP, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P02488-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MDVTIQHPWF KRTLGPFYPS RLFDQFFGEG LFEYDLLPFL SSTISPYYRQ
60 70 80 90 100
SLFRTVLDSG ISEVRSDRDK FVIFLDVKHF SPEDLTVKVQ DDFVEIHGKH
110 120 130 140 150
NERQDDHGYI SREFHRRYRL PSNVDQSALS CSLSADGMLT FSGPKIQTGL
160 170
DATHERAIPV AREEKPSSAP SS
Length:172
Mass (Da):19,792
Last modified:October 1, 1996 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i1F7AF9066BEEB2D7
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti153 – 154TH → HT AA sequence (Ref. 1) Curated2

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U24061 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA97563.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A02890, CYMQAA

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
XP_014988287.1, XM_015132801.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSMMUT00000028514; ENSMMUP00000026679; ENSMMUG00000020271

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
722370

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
mcc:722370

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U24061 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA97563.1
PIRiA02890, CYMQAA
RefSeqiXP_014988287.1, XM_015132801.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP02488
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9544.ENSMMUP00000026679

PTM databases

GlyConnecti31, 1 O-Linked glycan
iPTMnetiP02488

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMMUT00000028514; ENSMMUP00000026679; ENSMMUG00000020271
GeneIDi722370
KEGGimcc:722370

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
1409
VEuPathDBiHostDB:ENSMMUG00000020271

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3591, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000160159
HOGENOMiCLU_095001_5_0_1
InParanoidiP02488
OMAiIIYYDNI
OrthoDBi1187096at2759

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiP02488, baseline

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.60.40.790, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002068, A-crystallin/Hsp20_dom
IPR001436, Alpha-crystallin/sHSP_animal
IPR012274, Alpha-crystallin_A
IPR003090, Alpha-crystallin_N
IPR008978, HSP20-like_chaperone
PANTHERiPTHR45640, PTHR45640, 1 hit
PTHR45640:SF14, PTHR45640:SF14, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00525, Crystallin, 1 hit
PF00011, HSP20, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF036514, Sm_HSP_B1, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00299, ACRYSTALLIN
SUPFAMiSSF49764, SSF49764, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS01031, SHSP, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCRYAA_MACMU
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P02488
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 21, 1986
Last sequence update: October 1, 1996
Last modified: September 29, 2021
This is version 130 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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