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Protein

Histone H3.3C

Gene

H3f3c

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.

GO - Molecular functioni

  • nucleosomal DNA binding Source: GO_Central
  • protein heterodimerization activity Source: InterPro

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionDNA-binding

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Histone H3.3C
Alternative name(s):
Embryonic
Gene namesi
Name:H3f3c
Synonyms:Gm14384
OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)
Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
Proteomesi
  • UP000000589 Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

MGIiMGI:3650546 H3f3c

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Chromosome, Nucleosome core, Nucleus

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Initiator methionineiRemovedCurated
ChainiPRO_00002212522 – 136Histone H3.3CAdd BLAST135

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei4Phosphothreonine; by HASPINBy similarity1
Modified residuei5Allysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei5N6,N6,N6-trimethyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei5N6,N6-dimethyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei5N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei5N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei5N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei5N6-methyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei7Phosphothreonine; by PKCBy similarity1
Modified residuei9Citrulline; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei9Symmetric dimethylarginine; by PRMT5; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei10N6,N6,N6-trimethyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei10N6,N6-dimethyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei10N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei10N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei10N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei10N6-methyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei11ADP-ribosylserine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei11Phosphoserine; alternate; by AURKB, AURKC, RPS6KA3, RPS6KA4 and RPS6KA5By similarity1
Modified residuei12Phosphothreonine; by PKCBy similarity1
Modified residuei15N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei15N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei15N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei15N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei18Asymmetric dimethylarginine; by CARM1; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei18Citrulline; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei19N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei19N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei19N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei19N6-butyryllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei19N6-methyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei24N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei24N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei24N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei24N6-butyryllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei24N6-methyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei27CitrullineBy similarity1
Modified residuei28N6,N6,N6-trimethyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei28N6,N6-dimethyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei28N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei28N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei28N6-methyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei29ADP-ribosylserine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei29Phosphoserine; alternate; by AURKB, AURKC and RPS6KA5By similarity1
Modified residuei32PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei37N6,N6,N6-trimethyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei37N6,N6-dimethyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei37N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei37N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei37N6-methyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei38N6-methyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei42PhosphotyrosineBy similarity1
Modified residuei57N6,N6,N6-trimethyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei57N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei57N6-(beta-hydroxybutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei57N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei57N6-methyllysine; by EHMT2; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei57N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei58PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei65N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei65N6-methyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei80N6,N6,N6-trimethyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei80N6,N6-dimethyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei80N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei80N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei80N6-methyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei80N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei81PhosphothreonineBy similarity1
Modified residuei87PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei108PhosphothreonineBy similarity1
Modified residuei116N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei123N6-(2-hydroxyisobutyryl)lysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei123N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei123N6-methyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei123N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity1

Post-translational modificationi

Acetylation is generally linked to gene activation. Acetylation on Lys-10 (H3K9ac) impairs methylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s). Acetylation on Lys-19 (H3K18ac) and Lys-24 (H3K24ac) favors methylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me). Acetylation at Lys-123 (H3K122ac) by EP300/p300 plays a central role in chromatin structure: localizes at the surface of the histone octamer and stimulates transcription, possibly by promoting nucleosome instability (By similarity).By similarity
Citrullination at Arg-9 (H3R8ci) and/or Arg-18 (H3R17ci) by PADI4 impairs methylation and represses transcription.By similarity
Butyrylation of histones marks active promoters and competes with histone acetylation. It is present during late spermatogenesis.By similarity
Asymmetric dimethylation at Arg-18 (H3R17me2a) by CARM1 is linked to gene activation. Symmetric dimethylation at Arg-9 (H3R8me2s) by PRMT5 is linked to gene repression (By similarity).By similarity
Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me), Lys-37 and Lys-80 are linked to gene activation. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) facilitates subsequent acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-80 is associated with DNA double-strand break (DSB) responses and is a specific target for TP53BP1. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are linked to gene repression. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) is a specific target for HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) and prevents subsequent phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) and acetylation of H3 and H4. Methylation at Lys-5 (H3K4me) and Lys-80 require preliminary monoubiquitination of H2B at 'Lys-120'. Methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) and Lys-28 (H3K27me) are enriched in inactive X chromosome chromatin. Monomethylation at Lys-57 (H3K56me1) by EHMT2/G9A in G1 phase promotes interaction with PCNA and is required for DNA replication (By similarity).By similarity
Phosphorylated at Thr-4 (H3T3ph) by HASPIN during prophase and dephosphorylated during anaphase. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB is crucial for chromosome condensation and cell-cycle progression during mitosis and meiosis. In addition phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by RPS6KA4 and RPS6KA5 is important during interphase because it enables the transcription of genes following external stimulation, like mitogens, stress, growth factors or UV irradiation and result in the activation of genes, such as c-fos and c-jun. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph), which is linked to gene activation, prevents methylation at Lys-10 (H3K9me) but facilitates acetylation of H3 and H4. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) by AURKB mediates the dissociation of HP1 proteins (CBX1, CBX3 and CBX5) from heterochromatin. Phosphorylation at Ser-11 (H3S10ph) is also an essential regulatory mechanism for neoplastic cell transformation. Phosphorylated at Ser-29 (H3S28ph) by MAP3K20 isoform 1, RPS6KA5 or AURKB during mitosis or upon ultraviolet B irradiation. Phosphorylation at Thr-7 (H3T6ph) by PRKCB is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that prevents demethylation of Lys-5 (H3K4me) by LSD1/KDM1A. At centromeres, specifically phosphorylated at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) from prophase to early anaphase, by DAPK3 and PKN1. Phosphorylation at Thr-12 (H3T11ph) by PKN1 is a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that promotes demethylation of Lys-10 (H3K9me) by KDM4C/JMJD2C. Phosphorylation at Tyr-42 (H3Y41ph) by JAK2 promotes exclusion of CBX5 (HP1 alpha) from chromatin (By similarity).By similarity
Lysine deamination at Lys-5 (H3K4all) to form allysine is mediated by LOXL2. Allysine formation by LOXL2 only takes place on H3K4me3 and results in gene repression (By similarity).By similarity
Succinylation at Lys-80 (H3K79succ) by KAT2A takes place with a maximum frequency around the transcription start sites of genes. It gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcription activation.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, ADP-ribosylation, Citrullination, Hydroxylation, Methylation, Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiP02301
PeptideAtlasiP02301
PRIDEiP02301

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP02301
PhosphoSitePlusiP02301

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA.

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiP02301, 1 interactor
MINTiP02301

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP02301
SMRiP02301
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the histone H3 family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1745 Eukaryota
COG2036 LUCA
HOVERGENiHBG001172
InParanoidiP02301
KOiK11253

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.20.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR009072 Histone-fold
IPR007125 Histone_H2A/H2B/H3
IPR000164 Histone_H3/CENP-A
PANTHERiPTHR11426 PTHR11426, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00125 Histone, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00622 HISTONEH3
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00428 H3, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47113 SSF47113, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00322 HISTONE_H3_1, 1 hit
PS00959 HISTONE_H3_2, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P02301-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MALTKQTARK STGGKAPRKQ LATKATRKSA PSTGGVKKPH RYRPGTVALR
60 70 80 90 100
EIRRYQKSTE LLIRKLPFQR LVREIAQDFK TDLRFQSAAI GALQEASEAY
110 120 130
LVGLFEDTNL CAIHAKRVTI MPKDIQLARR IRGERA
Length:136
Mass (Da):15,315
Last modified:June 13, 2012 - v3
Checksum:i6758ED3E62CFF91E
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Sequence conflicti3L → H in CAA24131 (PubMed:6457299).Curated1
Sequence conflicti13G → C in CAA24131 (PubMed:6457299).Curated1
Sequence conflicti26T → A in CAA24131 (PubMed:6457299).Curated1
Sequence conflicti39P → S in CAA24131 (PubMed:6457299).Curated1
Sequence conflicti45G → D in CAA24131 (PubMed:6457299).Curated1
Sequence conflicti50R → L in CAA24131 (PubMed:6457299).Curated1
Sequence conflicti56 – 57QK → H in CAA24131 (PubMed:6457299).Curated2
Sequence conflicti64R → H in CAA24131 (PubMed:6457299).Curated1
Sequence conflicti73R → Q in CAA24131 (PubMed:6457299).Curated1
Sequence conflicti100 – 101YL → NR in CAA24131 (PubMed:6457299).Curated2
Sequence conflicti117R → C in CAA24131 (PubMed:6457299).Curated1
Sequence conflicti120 – 121IM → VI in CAA24131 (PubMed:6457299).Curated2
Sequence conflicti129 – 132RRIR → HSIL in CAA24131 (PubMed:6457299).Curated4

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
V00754 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA24131.1
AL844536 Genomic DNA No translation available.
PIRiA02633 HSMS34
RefSeqiXP_894986.1, XM_889893.7

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi625328
KEGGimmu:625328

Similar proteinsi

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
V00754 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA24131.1
AL844536 Genomic DNA No translation available.
PIRiA02633 HSMS34
RefSeqiXP_894986.1, XM_889893.7

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP02301
SMRiP02301
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiP02301, 1 interactor
MINTiP02301

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP02301
PhosphoSitePlusiP02301

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiP02301
PeptideAtlasiP02301
PRIDEiP02301

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi625328
KEGGimmu:625328

Organism-specific databases

CTDi440093
MGIiMGI:3650546 H3f3c

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1745 Eukaryota
COG2036 LUCA
HOVERGENiHBG001172
InParanoidiP02301
KOiK11253

Miscellaneous databases

PROiPR:P02301
SOURCEiSearch...

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.20.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR009072 Histone-fold
IPR007125 Histone_H2A/H2B/H3
IPR000164 Histone_H3/CENP-A
PANTHERiPTHR11426 PTHR11426, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00125 Histone, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00622 HISTONEH3
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00428 H3, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47113 SSF47113, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00322 HISTONE_H3_1, 1 hit
PS00959 HISTONE_H3_2, 1 hit
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiH3C_MOUSE
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P02301
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 21, 1986
Last sequence update: June 13, 2012
Last modified: March 28, 2018
This is version 121 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. MGD cross-references
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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