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Protein

Lutropin subunit beta

Gene

LHB

Organism
Sus scrofa (Pig)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Promotes spermatogenesis and ovulation by stimulating the testes and ovaries to synthesize steroids.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

  • hormone-mediated signaling pathway Source: GO_Central

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionHormone

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-SSC-193048 Androgen biosynthesis
R-SSC-193993 Mineralocorticoid biosynthesis
R-SSC-209822 Glycoprotein hormones
R-SSC-375281 Hormone ligand-binding receptors
R-SSC-418555 G alpha (s) signalling events
R-SSC-8866910 TFAP2 (AP-2) family regulates transcription of growth factors and their receptors
R-SSC-975578 Reactions specific to the complex N-glycan synthesis pathway

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Lutropin subunit beta
Short name:
Lutropin beta chain
Alternative name(s):
Luteinizing hormone subunit beta
Short name:
LH-B
Short name:
LSH-B
Short name:
LSH-beta
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:LHB
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSus scrofa (Pig)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9823 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaSuinaSuidaeSus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000008227 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 6

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Secreted

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 201 PublicationAdd BLAST20
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000001173221 – 141Lutropin subunit beta1 PublicationAdd BLAST121

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei21Blocked amino end (Ser)1 Publication1
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi29 ↔ 77By similarity
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi33N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine1 Publication1
Disulfide bondi43 ↔ 92By similarity
Disulfide bondi46 ↔ 130By similarity
Disulfide bondi54 ↔ 108By similarity
Disulfide bondi58 ↔ 110By similarity
Disulfide bondi113 ↔ 120By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P01232

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P01232

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P01232

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSSSCG00000003151 Expressed in 5 organ(s), highest expression level in lung

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P01232 differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P01232 SS

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Heterodimer of a common alpha chain and a unique beta chain which confers biological specificity to thyrotropin, lutropin, follitropin and gonadotropin.

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9823.ENSSSCP00000003414

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
P01232

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P01232

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410J0DB Eukaryota
ENOG4111ZSU LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000161285

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000116098

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG006698

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P01232

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K08521

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
TSGAWAS

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG091G0XFH

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF332940

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00069 GHB_like, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.10.90.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR029034 Cystine-knot_cytokine
IPR006208 Glyco_hormone_CN
IPR001545 Gonadotropin_bsu
IPR018245 Gonadotropin_bsu_CS

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11515 PTHR11515, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00007 Cys_knot, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00068 GHB, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF57501 SSF57501, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00261 GLYCO_HORMONE_BETA_1, 1 hit
PS00689 GLYCO_HORMONE_BETA_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

P01232-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MEMLQGLLLW LLLSVAGVWA SRGPLRPLCR PINATLAAEN EACPVCITFT
60 70 80 90 100
TSICAGYCPS MVRVLPAALP PVPQPVCTYR ELSFASIRLP GCPPGVDPTV
110 120 130 140
SFPVALSCHC GPCRLSSSDC GGPRAQPLAC DRPLLPGLLF L
Length:141
Mass (Da):14,889
Last modified:November 1, 1990 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i803E8E7C59F3C2CF
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
A0A287A5C6A0A287A5C6_PIG
Lutropin subunit beta
LHB
173Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti6G → R in AAP92114 (Ref. 3) Curated1
Sequence conflicti40N → D AA sequence (PubMed:4770795).Curated1
Sequence conflicti57Y → D in AAP92114 (Ref. 3) Curated1
Sequence conflicti62V → R AA sequence (PubMed:4770795).Curated1
Sequence conflicti83S → I AA sequence (PubMed:4770795).Curated1
Sequence conflicti87I → S AA sequence (PubMed:4770795).Curated1
Sequence conflicti122 – 123GP → PG AA sequence (PubMed:4770795).Curated2

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural varianti30R → Z. 1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
D00579 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA00457.1
AY329372 mRNA Translation: AAP92114.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A48170 UTPGB

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_999245.1, NM_214080.1

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Ssc.15715

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSSSCT00000061205; ENSSSCP00000035033; ENSSSCG00000031086

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
397153

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ssc:397153

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
D00579 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA00457.1
AY329372 mRNA Translation: AAP92114.1
PIRiA48170 UTPGB
RefSeqiNP_999245.1, NM_214080.1
UniGeneiSsc.15715

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP01232
SMRiP01232
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9823.ENSSSCP00000003414

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP01232

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP01232
PRIDEiP01232

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSSSCT00000061205; ENSSSCP00000035033; ENSSSCG00000031086
GeneIDi397153
KEGGissc:397153

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
3972

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410J0DB Eukaryota
ENOG4111ZSU LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000161285
HOGENOMiHOG000116098
HOVERGENiHBG006698
InParanoidiP01232
KOiK08521
OMAiTSGAWAS
OrthoDBiEOG091G0XFH
TreeFamiTF332940

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-SSC-193048 Androgen biosynthesis
R-SSC-193993 Mineralocorticoid biosynthesis
R-SSC-209822 Glycoprotein hormones
R-SSC-375281 Hormone ligand-binding receptors
R-SSC-418555 G alpha (s) signalling events
R-SSC-8866910 TFAP2 (AP-2) family regulates transcription of growth factors and their receptors
R-SSC-975578 Reactions specific to the complex N-glycan synthesis pathway

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSSSCG00000003151 Expressed in 5 organ(s), highest expression level in lung
ExpressionAtlasiP01232 differential
GenevisibleiP01232 SS

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00069 GHB_like, 1 hit
Gene3Di2.10.90.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029034 Cystine-knot_cytokine
IPR006208 Glyco_hormone_CN
IPR001545 Gonadotropin_bsu
IPR018245 Gonadotropin_bsu_CS
PANTHERiPTHR11515 PTHR11515, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00007 Cys_knot, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00068 GHB, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF57501 SSF57501, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00261 GLYCO_HORMONE_BETA_1, 1 hit
PS00689 GLYCO_HORMONE_BETA_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiLSHB_PIG
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P01232
Secondary accession number(s): Q7YRL0
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 21, 1986
Last sequence update: November 1, 1990
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 126 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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