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Entry version 123 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 5 (04 Dec 2007)
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Protein

Tyrosinase

Gene

T

Organism
Neurospora crassa (strain ATCC 24698 / 74-OR23-1A / CBS 708.71 / DSM 1257 / FGSC 987)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

This is a copper-containing oxidase that functions in the formation of pigments such as melanins and other polyphenolic compounds.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Cu2+By similarityNote: Binds 2 copper ions per subunit.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi67Copper ABy similarity1
Metal bindingi97Copper ABy similarity1
Metal bindingi106Copper ABy similarity1
Metal bindingi278Copper BBy similarity1
Metal bindingi282Copper BBy similarity1
Metal bindingi307Copper BBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionMonooxygenase, Oxidoreductase
Biological processMelanin biosynthesis
LigandCopper, Metal-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Tyrosinase (EC:1.14.18.1)
Alternative name(s):
Monophenol monooxygenase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:T
ORF Names:90C4.150, NCU00776
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiNeurospora crassa (strain ATCC 24698 / 74-OR23-1A / CBS 708.71 / DSM 1257 / FGSC 987)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri367110 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaPezizomycotinaSordariomycetesSordariomycetidaeSordarialesSordariaceaeNeurospora
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001805 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1, Linkage Group I

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

More...
EuPathDBi
FungiDB:NCU00776

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemoved2 Publications
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000358952 – 408TyrosinaseAdd BLAST407
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section describes a propeptide, which is a part of a protein that is cleaved during maturation or activation. Once cleaved, a propeptide generally has no independent biological function.<p><a href='/help/propep' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PropeptideiPRO_0000035896409 – 685Could be involved in enzyme activationAdd BLAST277

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei2N-acetylserine1 Publication1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section describes <strong>covalent linkages</strong> of various types formed <strong>between two proteins (interchain cross-links)</strong> or <strong>between two parts of the same protein (intrachain cross-links)</strong>, except the disulfide bonds that are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/disulfid">'Disulfide bond'</a> subsection.<p><a href='/help/crosslnk' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-linki95 ↔ 972'-(S-cysteinyl)-histidine (Cys-His)

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Thioether bond

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P00440

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P00440

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P00440

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the tyrosinase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P00440

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00505

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.1280.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR016216 Monophenol_mOase_fun
IPR041640 Tyosinase_C
IPR002227 Tyrosinase_Cu-bd
IPR008922 Unchr_di-copper_centre

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF18132 Tyosinase_C, 1 hit
PF00264 Tyrosinase, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000340 MPO_fungal, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00092 TYROSINASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48056 SSF48056, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00497 TYROSINASE_1, 1 hit
PS00498 TYROSINASE_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P00440-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSTDIKFAIT GVPTPPSSNG AVPLRRELRD LQQNYPEQFN LYLLGLRDFQ
60 70 80 90 100
GLDEAKLDSY YQVAGIHGMP FKPWAGVPSD TDWSQPGSSG FGGYCTHSSI
110 120 130 140 150
LFITWHRPYL ALYEQALYAS VQAVAQKFPV EGGLRAKYVA AAKDFRAPYF
160 170 180 190 200
DWASQPPKGT LAFPESLSSR TIQVVDVDGK TKSINNPLHR FTFHPVNPSP
210 220 230 240 250
GDFSAAWSRY PSTVRYPNRL TGASRDERIA PILANELASL RNNVSLLLLS
260 270 280 290 300
YKDFDAFSYN RWDPNTNPGD FGSLEDVHNE IHDRTGGNGH MSSLEVSAFD
310 320 330 340 350
PLFWLHHVNV DRLWSIWQDL NPNSFMTPRP APYSTFVAQE GESQSKSTPL
360 370 380 390 400
EPFWDKSAAN FWTSEQVKDS ITFGYAYPET QKWKYSSVKE YQAAIRKSVT
410 420 430 440 450
ALYGSNVFAN FVENVADRTP ALKKPQATGE ESKSTVSAAA AHAVELSGAK
460 470 480 490 500
KVAEKVHNVF QHAEEKAQKP VVPVKDTKAE SSTAAGMMIG LSIKRPSKLT
510 520 530 540 550
ASPGPIPESL KYLAPDGKYT DWIVNVRAQK HGLGQSFRVI VFLGEFNPDP
560 570 580 590 600
ETWDDEFNCV GRVSVLGRSA ETQCGKCRKD NANGLIVSGT VPLTSALLQD
610 620 630 640 650
IVGGELQSLK PEDVIPHLRA NLKWKVALFN GDEYNLEEVP DLKVSVASTE
660 670 680
VTIDEEGLPH YSRQYTVYPE ITEGKPCGHG PEDHI
Length:685
Mass (Da):75,886
Last modified:December 4, 2007 - v5
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iDF64B764BFF5468A
GO

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAA33618 differs from that shown. Reason: Frameshift.Curated
The sequence AAA33619 differs from that shown. Reason: Frameshift.Curated
The sequence EAA35696 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous gene model prediction.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti235N → D AA sequence (PubMed:6210696).Curated1
Sequence conflicti235N → D AA sequence (PubMed:6210697).Curated1

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural varianti15P → T in strain: Sing, TL and TS. 1
Natural varianti30D → E in strain: Sing. 1
Natural varianti130V → T in strain: Sing. 1
Natural varianti202D → N in strain: TL. 1
Natural varianti346 – 347KS → QN in strain: Sing. 2
Natural varianti371I → T in strain: Sing. 1
Natural varianti424K → N in strain: TS. 1
Natural varianti450K → R in strain: TS. 1
Natural varianti678G → R in strain: TS. 1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M32843 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA33619.1 Frameshift.
M33271 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA33618.1 Frameshift.
BX842680 Genomic DNA Translation: CAE81941.1
CM002236 Genomic DNA Translation: EAA35696.3 Sequence problems.

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A34460 YRNC

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
XP_964932.3, XM_959839.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl fungal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblFungii
EAA35696; EAA35696; NCU00776

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
3881081

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ncr:NCU00776

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M32843 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA33619.1 Frameshift.
M33271 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA33618.1 Frameshift.
BX842680 Genomic DNA Translation: CAE81941.1
CM002236 Genomic DNA Translation: EAA35696.3 Sequence problems.
PIRiA34460 YRNC
RefSeqiXP_964932.3, XM_959839.3

3D structure databases

SMRiP00440
ModBaseiSearch...

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP00440

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP00440

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiEAA35696; EAA35696; NCU00776
GeneIDi3881081
KEGGincr:NCU00776

Organism-specific databases

EuPathDBiFungiDB:NCU00776

Phylogenomic databases

InParanoidiP00440
KOiK00505

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.1280.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR016216 Monophenol_mOase_fun
IPR041640 Tyosinase_C
IPR002227 Tyrosinase_Cu-bd
IPR008922 Unchr_di-copper_centre
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF18132 Tyosinase_C, 1 hit
PF00264 Tyrosinase, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000340 MPO_fungal, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00092 TYROSINASE
SUPFAMiSSF48056 SSF48056, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00497 TYROSINASE_1, 1 hit
PS00498 TYROSINASE_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTYRO_NEUCR
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P00440
Secondary accession number(s): Q6MGJ7, Q7RVL7
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 21, 1986
Last sequence update: December 4, 2007
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 123 of the entry and version 5 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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