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Entry version 99 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 1999)
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Protein

Bifunctional heparan sulfate N-deacetylase/N-sulfotransferase 2

Gene

NDST2

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Essential bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes both the N-deacetylation and the N-sulfation of glucosamine (GlcNAc) of the glycosaminoglycan in heparan sulfate. Modifies the GlcNAc-GlcA disaccharide repeating sugar backbone to make N-sulfated heparosan, a prerequisite substrate for later modifications in heparin biosynthesis. Plays a role in determining the extent and pattern of sulfation of heparan sulfate. Required for the exosomal release of SDCBP, CD63 and syndecan (By similarity).By similarity1 Publication

Miscellaneous

The presence of 4 different heparan sulfate N-deacetylase/N-sulfotransferase enzymes in mammals, as well as differences in their enzyme activity suggest that some initiate heparan sulfate modification/sulfation reactions, whereas other later on fill in or extend already modified heparan sulfate sequences.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: heparan sulfate biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway heparan sulfate biosynthesis, which is part of Glycan metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway heparan sulfate biosynthesis and in Glycan metabolism.

Pathwayi: heparin biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway heparin biosynthesis, which is part of Glycan metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway heparin biosynthesis and in Glycan metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei614For sulfotransferase activityBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei712PAPSBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi614 – 618PAPSBy similarity5
Nucleotide bindingi833 – 837PAPSBy similarity5

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase, Multifunctional enzyme, Transferase

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
2.8.2.8 908

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00756
UPA00862

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Bifunctional heparan sulfate N-deacetylase/N-sulfotransferase 2 (EC:2.8.2.8)
Alternative name(s):
CCL44
Glucosaminyl N-deacetylase/N-sulfotransferase 2
Short name:
NDST-2
Including the following 2 domains:
Heparan sulfate N-deacetylase 2 (EC:3.-.-.-)
Heparan sulfate N-sulfotransferase 2 (EC:2.8.2.-)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:NDST2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaArtiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 18CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST18
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei19 – 39Helical; Signal-anchor for type II membrane proteinSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini40 – 884LumenalSequence analysisAdd BLAST845

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Golgi apparatus, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002256581 – 884Bifunctional heparan sulfate N-deacetylase/N-sulfotransferase 2Add BLAST884

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi351N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi401N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi667N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi727N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi803N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi818 ↔ 828By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
O97583

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
O97583

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Monomer.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000016827

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
O97583

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni41 – 598Heparan sulfate N-deacetylase 2Add BLAST558
Regioni599 – 884Heparan sulfate N-sulfotransferase 2Add BLAST286

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Signal-anchor, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3703 Eukaryota
ENOG410XQN4 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000008010

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
O97583

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
388292at2759

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR021930 Heparan_SO4_deacetylase
IPR037359 NST/OST
IPR027417 P-loop_NTPase
IPR000863 Sulfotransferase_dom

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10605 PTHR10605, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF12062 HSNSD, 1 hit
PF00685 Sulfotransfer_1, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF52540 SSF52540, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

O97583-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MLKLWKVVRP ARQLELHRLI LLLIAFSLGS MGFLAYYVST SPKAKEPLPL
60 70 80 90 100
PLGDCSSSGA AGGPGPVRPP VPPRPPRPPE TARTEPVVLV FVESAYSQLG
110 120 130 140 150
QEIVAILESS RFRYSTELAP GRGDMPTLTD HTRGRYVLVI YENLLKYVNL
160 170 180 190 200
DAWSRELLDR YCVEYGVGII GFFRAHEHSL LSAQLKGFPL FLHSNLGLRD
210 220 230 240 250
YQVNPTAPLL HLTRPSRLEP GPLPGDDWTI FQSNHRTYEP VLLGSLRPAE
260 270 280 290 300
PPVPGPVARR ARLPTVVQDL GVHDGIQRVL FGHGLSFWLH KLVFRDAGGY
310 320 330 340 350
LTGKGLLWDL DRYILVDIDD IFVGKEGTRM KVADVEALLT TQNKLRTLVP
360 370 380 390 400
NFTFNLGFSG KFYHTGTEEE DAGDDMLLNH RREFWWFPHM WSHMQPHLFH
410 420 430 440 450
NRSVLADQMR LNKQFALEHG IPTDLGYAVA PHHSGVYPIH TQLYEAWKSV
460 470 480 490 500
WGIQVTSTEE YPHLRPARYR RGFIHNGIMV LPRQTCGLFT HTIFYNEYPG
510 520 530 540 550
GSRELDRSIR GGELFLTVLL NPISIFMTHL SNYGNDRLGL YTFESLVRFL
560 570 580 590 600
QCWTSLRLQT LPPVPLGRKY FDLFPQERSP LWQNPCDDKR HKDIWSKEKT
610 620 630 640 650
CDRLPKFLIV GPQKTGTTAI HFFLSLHPAV TSSFPSPSTF EEIQFFNGPN
660 670 680 690 700
YHKGIDWYMD FFPVPSNAST DFLFEKSATY FDSEVVPRRG AALLPRAKII
710 720 730 740 750
TVLTNPADRA YSWYQHQRAH GDPVALNYTF YQVITASSQD PPALRSLQNR
760 770 780 790 800
CLVPGYYSTH LQRWLTYYPS GQLLIVDGQE LRTNPAASME IIQKFLGITP
810 820 830 840 850
FLNYTRTLRF DEDKGFWCQG LEGGKTRCLG KSKGRKYPDM DAESRLFLTD
860 870 880
FFRNHNLELS KLLSRLGQPV PSWLREELQH SSSG
Length:884
Mass (Da):100,897
Last modified:May 1, 1999 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i962E364E17C37FC2
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti735T → S in BAC56412 (PubMed:12658628).Curated1
Sequence conflicti740D → A in BAC56412 (PubMed:12658628).Curated1
Sequence conflicti768Y → F in BAC56412 (PubMed:12658628).Curated1
Sequence conflicti791I → S in BAC56412 (PubMed:12658628).Curated1
Sequence conflicti814K → R in BAC56412 (PubMed:12658628).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF064825 mRNA Translation: AAC77921.1
AB098922 mRNA Translation: BAC56412.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF064825 mRNA Translation: AAC77921.1
AB098922 mRNA Translation: BAC56412.1

3D structure databases

SMRiO97583
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000016827

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiO97583
PRIDEiO97583

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3703 Eukaryota
ENOG410XQN4 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000008010
InParanoidiO97583
OrthoDBi388292at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00756
UPA00862
BRENDAi2.8.2.8 908

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR021930 Heparan_SO4_deacetylase
IPR037359 NST/OST
IPR027417 P-loop_NTPase
IPR000863 Sulfotransferase_dom
PANTHERiPTHR10605 PTHR10605, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF12062 HSNSD, 1 hit
PF00685 Sulfotransfer_1, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52540 SSF52540, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiNDST2_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O97583
Secondary accession number(s): Q862Q7, Q862Y7
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 7, 2006
Last sequence update: May 1, 1999
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 99 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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