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Entry version 56 (18 Sep 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 1999)
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Protein

FAD-linked oxidoreductase easE

Gene

easE

Organism
Claviceps purpurea (Ergot fungus) (Sphacelia segetum)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

FAD-linked oxidoreductase; part of the gene cluster that mediates the biosynthesis of fungal ergot alkaloid (PubMed:10071219, PubMed:14732265, PubMed:14700635, PubMed:15904941, PubMed:17308187, PubMed:17720822). DmaW catalyzes the first step of ergot alkaloid biosynthesis by condensing dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAP) and tryptophan to form 4-dimethylallyl-L-tryptophan (PubMed:14732265). The second step is catalyzed by the methyltransferase easF that methylates 4-dimethylallyl-L-tryptophan in the presence of S-adenosyl-L-methionine, resulting in the formation of 4-dimethylallyl-L-abrine (By similarity). The catalase easC and the FAD-dependent oxidoreductase easE then transform 4-dimethylallyl-L-abrine to chanoclavine-I which is further oxidized by easD in the presence of NAD+, resulting in the formation of chanoclavine-I aldehyde (PubMed:20118373, PubMed:21409592). Agroclavine dehydrogenase easG then mediates the conversion of chanoclavine-I aldehyde to agroclavine via a non-enzymatic adduct reaction: the substrate is an iminium intermediate that is formed spontaneously from chanoclavine-I aldehyde in the presence of glutathione (PubMed:20735127, PubMed:21494745). The presence of easA is not required to complete this reaction (PubMed:21494745). Further conversion of agroclavine to paspalic acid is a two-step process involving oxidation of agroclavine to elymoclavine and of elymoclavine to paspalic acid, the second step being performed by the elymoclavine oxidase cloA (PubMed:16538694, PubMed:17720822). Paspalic acid is then further converted to D-lysergic acid (PubMed:15904941). Ergopeptines are assembled from D-lysergic acid and three different amino acids by the D-lysergyl-peptide-synthetases composed each of a monomudular and a trimodular nonribosomal peptide synthetase subunit (PubMed:14700635, PubMed:15904941). LpsB and lpsC encode the monomodular subunits responsible for D-lysergic acid activation and incorporation into the ergopeptine backbone (PubMed:14700635). LpsA1 and A2 subunits encode the trimodular nonribosomal peptide synthetase assembling the tripeptide portion of ergopeptines (PubMed:14700635). LpsA1 is responsible for formation of the major ergopeptine, ergotamine, and lpsA2 for alpha-ergocryptine, the minor ergopeptine of the total alkaloid mixture elaborated by C.purpurea (PubMed:17560817, PubMed:19139103). D-lysergyl-tripeptides are assembled by the nonribosomal peptide synthetases and released as N-(D-lysergyl-aminoacyl)-lactams (PubMed:24361048). Cyclolization of the D-lysergyl-tripeptides is performed by the Fe2+/2-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase easH which introduces a hydroxyl group into N-(D-lysergyl-aminoacyl)-lactam at alpha-C of the aminoacyl residue followed by spontaneous condensation with the terminal lactam carbonyl group (PubMed:24361048).By similarity2 Publications12 Publications

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

FADCurated

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: ergot alkaloid biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway ergot alkaloid biosynthesis, which is part of Alkaloid biosynthesis.1 Publication
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway ergot alkaloid biosynthesis and in Alkaloid biosynthesis.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processAlkaloid metabolism
LigandFAD, Flavoprotein

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

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UniPathwayi
UPA00327

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
FAD-linked oxidoreductase easE1 Publication (EC:1.-.-.-1 Publication)
Alternative name(s):
Chanoclavine I synthase1 Publication
Ergot alkaloid synthesis protein E1 Publication
Oxidoreductase 11 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:easE1 Publication
Synonyms:ccsA1 Publication, cpox11 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiClaviceps purpurea (Ergot fungus) (Sphacelia segetum)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri5111 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaPezizomycotinaSordariomycetesHypocreomycetidaeHypocrealesClavicipitaceaeClaviceps

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

Abolishes the production of clavine alkaloids but also of more complex alkaloids such as ergopeptines (PubMed:20118373). Accumulates N-methyl-dimethylallyltryptophan (Me-DMAT) and traces of dimethylallyltryptophan (DMAT) (PubMed:20118373).1 Publication

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004391321 – 483FAD-linked oxidoreductase easEAdd BLAST483

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini10 – 193FAD-binding PCMH-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST184

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR012951 BBE
IPR016166 FAD-bd_PCMH
IPR036318 FAD-bd_PCMH-like_sf
IPR006094 Oxid_FAD_bind_N

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF08031 BBE, 1 hit
PF01565 FAD_binding_4, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

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SUPFAMi
SSF56176 SSF56176, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

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PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51387 FAD_PCMH, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

O94206-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MERRQSICPQ GRLPLYSAVV RSTSDIQASV RFASRHNLRL VIKNTGHDSA
60 70 80 90 100
GRSSAPHSFQ IHTSLLQNIS LHKNFIARGS TTGRGPAVTL GAGVMQWQAY
110 120 130 140 150
VHGAKNGYTI LGGECPTVGA VGGFLQGGGV SSIHSFTRGL AVDQVLEYQV
160 170 180 190 200
VSANGDLITA NEDNNQDLFW ALKGGGGGTF GVVTEATVRV FSDDPVTVTS
210 220 230 240 250
TKIEAAAANV LFWKEGVHEL LRLLQRFNNL HVAGQLVISA PTKDSLQAGL
260 270 280 290 300
ELHFANLTDE TQAIQLLRSE ARALETHGIS ASTSVRVQRK ASSELRMKPD
310 320 330 340 350
VYPPHYGILE ASVLISAATF HANDGPALIA SKLSGLTLKP NDILFTSNLG
360 370 380 390 400
GRVSENTAIE IALHPAWREA AQLVTLVRVV EPSIEGKLSA LNNLTARDVP
410 420 430 440 450
ILYSIDPAAK ISYRNLGDPQ EKEFQTRYWG ADNYARLAAT KAAWDPSHLF
460 470 480
MTSLGVGSEV WDAEGICRKR RGFRAKASSL IGM
Length:483
Mass (Da):52,025
Last modified:May 1, 1999 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iDEC1073F30EC513A
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

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DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ011965 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB39328.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ011965 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB39328.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

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SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00327

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR012951 BBE
IPR016166 FAD-bd_PCMH
IPR036318 FAD-bd_PCMH-like_sf
IPR006094 Oxid_FAD_bind_N
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF08031 BBE, 1 hit
PF01565 FAD_binding_4, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF56176 SSF56176, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51387 FAD_PCMH, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiEASE_CLAPU
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O94206
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 15, 2017
Last sequence update: May 1, 1999
Last modified: September 18, 2019
This is version 56 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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