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Entry version 150 (05 Jun 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Nov 1998)
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Protein

Malate dehydrogenase 1, peroxisomal

Gene

PMDH1

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes a reversible NAD-dependent dehydrogenase reaction involved in central metabolism and redox homeostasis between organelle compartments (Probable). Peroxisomal NAD-dependent malate dehydrogenase involved in fatty acid beta-oxidation. Reoxidizes NADH from the beta-oxidation and provides NAD for the conversion of fatty acyl-CoA to acetyl-CoA. Does not participate directly in the glyoxylate cycle (PubMed:17376163, PubMed:19812894). Required for maintenance of photosynthetic rates under photorespiratory conditions, and carbon flow during photorespiration. Supplies NADH reductant to the peroxisomal hydroxypyruvate reductase (HPR), which reduces hydroxypyruvate into glycerate in the photorespiratory cycle (PubMed:18685043).1 Publication3 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei75NADBy similarity1
Binding sitei122SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei128SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei135NADBy similarity1
Binding sitei160SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei194SubstrateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei218Proton acceptorBy similarity1
Binding sitei269NADBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi49 – 55NADBy similarity7
Nucleotide bindingi158 – 160NADBy similarity3

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processGlyoxylate bypass, Tricarboxylic acid cycle
LigandNAD

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
ARA:AT2G22780-MONOMER
MetaCyc:AT2G22780-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Malate dehydrogenase 1, peroxisomalCurated (EC:1.1.1.37)
Alternative name(s):
Peroxisomal NAD-dependent malate dehydrogenase 1Curated
Short name:
pxNAD-MDH11 Publication
Peroxisomal malate dehydrogenase 11 Publication
Short name:
Peroxisomal MDH1Curated
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PMDH11 Publication
Ordered Locus Names:At2g22780
ORF Names:T30L20.4
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliophytaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

Arabidopsis Information Portal

More...
Araporti
AT2G22780

The Arabidopsis Information Resource

More...
TAIRi
locus:2062240 AT2G22780

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Peroxisome

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

No visible phenotype under normal growth conditions, but the double mutant plants pmdh1 and pmdh2 show seedling growth arrest 5 days after seed imbibition.1 Publication

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000186351 – 354Malate dehydrogenase 1, peroxisomalAdd BLAST354

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
O82399

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
O82399

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in rosette leaves at low levels.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
O82399 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
O82399 AT

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
2161, 2 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
O82399, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
3702.AT2G22780.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
O82399

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni6 – 14Peroxisomal targeting signal PTS21 Publication9

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the LDH/MDH superfamily. MDH type 1 family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1494 Eukaryota
COG0039 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000213792

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
O82399

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K00026

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
VNASVAC

Database of Orthologous Groups

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OrthoDBi
976445at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
O82399

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.90.110.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001557 L-lactate/malate_DH
IPR022383 Lactate/malate_DH_C
IPR001236 Lactate/malate_DH_N
IPR015955 Lactate_DH/Glyco_Ohase_4_C
IPR001252 Malate_DH_AS
IPR010097 Malate_DH_type1
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02866 Ldh_1_C, 1 hit
PF00056 Ldh_1_N, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000102 Lac_mal_DH, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF56327 SSF56327, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01772 MDH_euk_gproteo, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00068 MDH, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

O82399-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MDPNQRIARI SAHLNPPNLH NQIADGSGLN RVACRAKGGS PGFKVAILGA
60 70 80 90 100
AGGIGQPLAM LMKMNPLVSV LHLYDVANAP GVTADISHMD TSAVVRGFLG
110 120 130 140 150
QPQLEEALTG MDLVIIPAGV PRKPGMTRDD LFNINAGIVR TLSEAIAKCC
160 170 180 190 200
PKAIVNIISN PVNSTVPIAA EVFKKAGTFD PKKLMGVTML DVVRANTFVA
210 220 230 240 250
EVMSLDPREV EVPVVGGHAG VTILPLLSQV KPPCSFTQKE IEYLTDRIQN
260 270 280 290 300
GGTEVVEAKA GAGSATLSMA YAAVEFADAC LRGLRGDANI VECAYVASHV
310 320 330 340 350
TELPFFASKV RLGRCGIDEV YGLGPLNEYE RMGLEKAKKE LSVSIHKGVT

FAKK
Length:354
Mass (Da):37,466
Last modified:November 1, 1998 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i715CDC22B4448629
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AC005617 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC63589.1
CP002685 Genomic DNA Translation: AEC07353.1
AF428346 mRNA Translation: AAL16276.1
BT003009 mRNA Translation: AAO23574.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
G84616

NCBI Reference Sequences

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RefSeqi
NP_179863.1, NM_127843.5

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
AT2G22780.1; AT2G22780.1; AT2G22780

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
816808

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
AT2G22780.1; AT2G22780.1; AT2G22780

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ath:AT2G22780

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AC005617 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC63589.1
CP002685 Genomic DNA Translation: AEC07353.1
AF428346 mRNA Translation: AAL16276.1
BT003009 mRNA Translation: AAO23574.1
PIRiG84616
RefSeqiNP_179863.1, NM_127843.5

3D structure databases

SMRiO82399
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi2161, 2 interactors
IntActiO82399, 1 interactor
STRINGi3702.AT2G22780.1

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiO82399
PRIDEiO82399

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT2G22780.1; AT2G22780.1; AT2G22780
GeneIDi816808
GrameneiAT2G22780.1; AT2G22780.1; AT2G22780
KEGGiath:AT2G22780

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT2G22780
TAIRilocus:2062240 AT2G22780

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1494 Eukaryota
COG0039 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000213792
InParanoidiO82399
KOiK00026
OMAiVNASVAC
OrthoDBi976445at2759
PhylomeDBiO82399

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciARA:AT2G22780-MONOMER
MetaCyc:AT2G22780-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:O82399

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiO82399 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiO82399 AT

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.90.110.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001557 L-lactate/malate_DH
IPR022383 Lactate/malate_DH_C
IPR001236 Lactate/malate_DH_N
IPR015955 Lactate_DH/Glyco_Ohase_4_C
IPR001252 Malate_DH_AS
IPR010097 Malate_DH_type1
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02866 Ldh_1_C, 1 hit
PF00056 Ldh_1_N, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000102 Lac_mal_DH, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF56327 SSF56327, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01772 MDH_euk_gproteo, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00068 MDH, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiMDHX1_ARATH
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O82399
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 1, 2000
Last sequence update: November 1, 1998
Last modified: June 5, 2019
This is version 150 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
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