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Entry version 144 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 2 (04 May 2001)
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Protein

Thymidylate synthase

Gene

Ts

Organism
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: dTTP biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway dTTP biosynthesis, which is part of Pyrimidine metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway dTTP biosynthesis and in Pyrimidine metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei56dUMPBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei201NucleophileBy similarity1
Binding sitei2265,10-methylenetetrahydrofolateBy similarity1
Binding sitei234dUMPBy similarity1
Binding sitei3205,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi181 – 182dUMP; shared with dimeric partnerBy similarity2
Nucleotide bindingi223 – 226dUMPBy similarity4
Nucleotide bindingi264 – 266dUMPBy similarity3

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionMethyltransferase, Transferase
Biological processNucleotide biosynthesis

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-DME-499943 Interconversion of nucleotide di- and triphosphates

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00575

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Thymidylate synthase (EC:2.1.1.45)
Short name:
TS
Short name:
TSase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Ts
ORF Names:CG3181
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiDrosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri7227 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaEcdysozoaArthropodaHexapodaInsectaPterygotaNeopteraHolometabolaDipteraBrachyceraMuscomorphaEphydroideaDrosophilidaeDrosophilaSophophora
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000803 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2L

Organism-specific databases

Drosophila genome database

More...
FlyBasei
FBgn0024920 Ts

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001409051 – 321Thymidylate synthaseAdd BLAST321

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei24Phosphoserine1 Publication1
Modified residuei26Phosphoserine1 Publication1
Modified residuei39Phosphotyrosine1 Publication1
Modified residuei208Phosphotyrosine1 Publication1
Modified residuei210Phosphoserine1 Publication1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
O76511

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
O76511

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
O76511

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
FBgn0024920 Expressed in 45 organ(s), highest expression level in embryo

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
O76511 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
O76511 DM

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
59719, 1 interactor

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-20012N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
O76511, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
7227.FBpp0077363

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
O76511

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the thymidylate synthase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0673 Eukaryota
COG0207 LUCA

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
O76511

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00560

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
KQYLDLC

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1197342at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
O76511

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00351 TS_Pyrimidine_HMase, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.30.572.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00008 Thymidy_synth_bact, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR023451 Thymidate_synth/dCMP_Mease
IPR036926 Thymidate_synth/dCMP_Mease_sf
IPR000398 Thymidylate_synthase
IPR020940 Thymidylate_synthase_AS

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00303 Thymidylat_synt, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00108 THYMDSNTHASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF55831 SSF55831, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR03284 thym_sym, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00091 THYMIDYLATE_SYNTHASE, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

O76511-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MVLTPTKDGP DQESMPLPAD NGESPSKQQA PVNRDEMHYL DLLRHIIANG
60 70 80 90 100
EQRMDRTEVG TLSVFGSQMR FDMRNSFPLL TTKRVFFRAV AEELLWFVAG
110 120 130 140 150
KTDAKLLQAK NVHIWDGNSS REFLDKMGFT GRAVGDLGPV YGFQWRHFGA
160 170 180 190 200
QYGTCDDDYS GKGIDQLRQV IDTIRNNPSD RRIIMSAWNP LDIPKMALPP
210 220 230 240 250
CHCLAQFYVS EKRGELSCQL YQRSADMGLG VPFNIASYAL LTHMIAHVTG
260 270 280 290 300
LKPGDFVHTM GDTHVYLNHV EPLKEQLERT PRPFPKLIIK RQVQDIEDFR
310 320
FEDFQIVDYN PHPKIQMDMA V
Length:321
Mass (Da):36,657
Last modified:May 4, 2001 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iDCBC920153990CFE
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
Q541C9Q541C9_DROME
RE18955p
Ts anon-23Ca, c1.5, Dmel\CG3181, FBgn0024920, TS
321Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti193I → M in AAC27622 (Ref. 1) Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF073994 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC27622.1
AE014134 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF51176.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001285570.1, NM_001298641.1
NP_477367.1, NM_058019.4

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl metazoan genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblMetazoai
FBtr0077679; FBpp0077363; FBgn0024920
FBtr0343784; FBpp0310349; FBgn0024920

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
33499

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
dme:Dmel_CG3181

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF073994 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC27622.1
AE014134 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF51176.1
RefSeqiNP_001285570.1, NM_001298641.1
NP_477367.1, NM_058019.4

3D structure databases

SMRiO76511
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi59719, 1 interactor
DIPiDIP-20012N
IntActiO76511, 1 interactor
STRINGi7227.FBpp0077363

PTM databases

iPTMnetiO76511

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiO76511
PRIDEiO76511

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblMetazoaiFBtr0077679; FBpp0077363; FBgn0024920
FBtr0343784; FBpp0310349; FBgn0024920
GeneIDi33499
KEGGidme:Dmel_CG3181

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
33499
FlyBaseiFBgn0024920 Ts

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0673 Eukaryota
COG0207 LUCA
InParanoidiO76511
KOiK00560
OMAiKQYLDLC
OrthoDBi1197342at2759
PhylomeDBiO76511

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00575
ReactomeiR-DME-499943 Interconversion of nucleotide di- and triphosphates

Miscellaneous databases

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
33499

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:O76511

Gene expression databases

BgeeiFBgn0024920 Expressed in 45 organ(s), highest expression level in embryo
ExpressionAtlasiO76511 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiO76511 DM

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00351 TS_Pyrimidine_HMase, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.30.572.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00008 Thymidy_synth_bact, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR023451 Thymidate_synth/dCMP_Mease
IPR036926 Thymidate_synth/dCMP_Mease_sf
IPR000398 Thymidylate_synthase
IPR020940 Thymidylate_synthase_AS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00303 Thymidylat_synt, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00108 THYMDSNTHASE
SUPFAMiSSF55831 SSF55831, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR03284 thym_sym, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00091 THYMIDYLATE_SYNTHASE, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTYSY_DROME
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O76511
Secondary accession number(s): Q9VQJ3
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 30, 2000
Last sequence update: May 4, 2001
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 144 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programDrosophila annotation project

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Drosophila
    Drosophila: entries, gene names and cross-references to FlyBase
  3. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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