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Entry version 83 (02 Jun 2021)
Sequence version 1 (01 Aug 1998)
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Protein

Pro-interleukin-16

Gene

IL16

Organism
Aotus trivirgatus (Three-striped night monkey) (Douroucouli)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Interleukin-16 stimulates a migratory response in CD4+ lymphocytes, monocytes, and eosinophils. Primes CD4+ T-cells for IL-2 and IL-15 responsiveness. Also induces T-lymphocyte expression of interleukin 2 receptor. Ligand for CD4 (By similarity).

By similarity

Pro-interleukin-16 is involved in cell cycle progression in T-cells. Appears to be involved in transcriptional regulation of SKP2 and is probably part of a transcriptional repression complex on the core promoter of the SKP2 gene. May act as a scaffold for GABPB1 (the DNA-binding subunit the GABP transcription factor complex) and HDAC3 thus maintaining transcriptional repression and blocking cell cycle progression in resting T-cells (By similarity).

By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionCytokine
Biological processChemotaxis, Transcription, Transcription regulation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Pro-interleukin-16
Cleaved into the following chain:
Interleukin-16
Short name:
IL-16
Alternative name(s):
Lymphocyte chemoattractant factor
Short name:
LCF
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:IL16
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiAotus trivirgatus (Three-striped night monkey) (Douroucouli)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9505 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniPlatyrrhiniAotidaeAotus

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus, Secreted

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003775401 – 632Pro-interleukin-16Add BLAST632
ChainiPRO_0000015408512 – 632Interleukin-16By similarityAdd BLAST121

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei222PhosphoserineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotetramer (Probable). Pro-interleukin-16 interacts (via PDZ 2 domain) with PPP1R12A, PPP1R12B and PPP1R12C. Pro-interleukin-16 interacts with GRIN2A. Pro-interleukin-16 interacts with GABPB1. Pro-interleukin-16 interacts (via PDZ 3 domain) with HDAC3 (By similarity).

By similarityCurated

GO - Molecular functioni

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
O62678

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini412 – 497PDZ 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST86
Domaini534 – 619PDZ 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST86

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni30 – 270DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST241
Regioni320 – 347DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST28
Regioni406 – 502Interaction with PPP1R12A, PPP1R12B and PPP1R12CBy similarityAdd BLAST97
Regioni497 – 520DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST24

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular type of amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi30 – 71Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST42
Compositional biasi126 – 170Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST45
Compositional biasi242 – 256Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST15
Compositional biasi501 – 520Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST20

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.30.42.10, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR020450, IL-16
IPR001478, PDZ
IPR036034, PDZ_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00595, PDZ, 2 hits

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01931, INTRLEUKIN16

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00228, PDZ, 2 hits

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF50156, SSF50156, 2 hits

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50106, PDZ, 2 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

O62678-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MDYSFDTTAE DPWVRISDCI KNLFSPMMTE NHSHMPLQPN ASLSEDDGTQ
60 70 80 90 100
GHSDGTPPKL ETANGTSKVY RPADSSAVKK GPPVAPKPAW FRQSLKGLRN
110 120 130 140 150
RASDPRRLPD PALSTQPGPA SREHPGPHTQ ASSSSSSSIK QRISSFETFG
160 170 180 190 200
SSQRPDRGAQ RLSLQLSSGE ATKPVGKHEG GRLPGLLGRG AAPTLAPQET
210 220 230 240 250
EQLLSSGSPA ASEVRDPGVS ESPPTGRQPS EKTLPPGPDP LLQLLSTQTE
260 270 280 290 300
ESQGPVLKMP SQRARSFPLT RSQSCETKLL DEKTSKLYSI SSQVSSAVMK
310 320 330 340 350
SLLCLPSSIT WGQTPCIPRE GASATSSSNA DSAANGSAET SGSDTGFSLN
360 370 380 390 400
LSELREYTEG LTEAKEADDG DHCSPQSGQS VISLLSSEEL KKLIEEVKDL
410 420 430 440 450
DEATLKQLDS IHVTILHKEE GAGLGFSLAG GADLENKVIT VHRVFPNGLA
460 470 480 490 500
SQEGTIQKGN EVLSINGKSL KGTTHNDALA ILRQAREPRQ AVIVTRKPTP
510 520 530 540 550
ETAPDLNSST DSAASVSAAS DVSVDSTAEA TVCTVTLEKM SGGLGFSLEG
560 570 580 590 600
GKGSLHGDKP LTINRIFKGA ASEQSETVQP GDEILHLAGT AMQGLTRFEA
610 620 630
WNIIKALPDG PVTIVIKRKS MQSKGTPAAG DS
Length:632
Mass (Da):66,616
Last modified:August 1, 1998 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i75072045E684BDEE
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF017110 mRNA Translation: AAC16038.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF017110 mRNA Translation: AAC16038.1

3D structure databases

SMRiO62678
ModBaseiSearch...

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.30.42.10, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR020450, IL-16
IPR001478, PDZ
IPR036034, PDZ_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00595, PDZ, 2 hits
PRINTSiPR01931, INTRLEUKIN16
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00228, PDZ, 2 hits
SUPFAMiSSF50156, SSF50156, 2 hits
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50106, PDZ, 2 hits

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiIL16_AOTTR
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O62678
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 27, 2004
Last sequence update: August 1, 1998
Last modified: June 2, 2021
This is version 83 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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