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Entry version 137 (29 Sep 2021)
Sequence version 3 (23 Jan 2007)
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Protein

Desmin

Gene

DES

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Muscle-specific type III intermediate filament essential for proper muscular structure and function. Plays a crucial role in maintaining the structure of sarcomeres, inter-connecting the Z-disks and forming the myofibrils, linking them not only to the sarcolemmal cytoskeleton, but also to the nucleus and mitochondria, thus providing strength for the muscle fiber during activity. In adult striated muscle they form a fibrous network connecting myofibrils to each other and to the plasma membrane from the periphery of the Z-line structures. May act as a sarcomeric microtubule-anchoring protein: specifically associates with detyrosinated tubulin-alpha chains, leading to buckled microtubules and mechanical resistance to contraction. Contributes to the transcriptional regulation of the NKX2-5 gene in cardiac progenitor cells during a short period of cardiomyogenesis and in cardiac side population stem cells in the adult. Plays a role in maintaining an optimal conformation of nebulette (NEB) on heart muscle sarcomeres to bind and recruit cardiac alpha-actin.

By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections ('Function', 'PTM / Processing', 'Pathology and Biotech') according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei354Stutter1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionMuscle protein

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-BTA-390522, Striated Muscle Contraction

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Desmin
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:DES
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaArtiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen, Vector and Host Database Resources

More...
VEuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSBTAG00000005353

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:28013, DES

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Intermediate filament, Membrane, Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000637692 – 470DesminAdd BLAST469

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei7Phosphoserine; by CDK1By similarity1
Modified residuei12Phosphoserine; by AURKBBy similarity1
Modified residuei16Omega-N-methylarginineBy similarity1
Modified residuei17Phosphothreonine; by AURKB and ROCK1By similarity1
Modified residuei28Phosphoserine; by CDK1By similarity1
Modified residuei31PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei32Phosphoserine; by CDK1By similarity1
Modified residuei37Asymmetric dimethylarginine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei37Omega-N-methylarginine; alternateBy similarity1
Modified residuei45PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei58ADP-ribosylarginineBy similarity1
Modified residuei60Phosphoserine; by AURKBBy similarity1
Modified residuei70Omega-N-methylarginineBy similarity1
Modified residuei77Phosphothreonine; by ROCK1By similarity1
Modified residuei81PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei290PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei358PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei361PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei424PhosphoserineBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

ADP-ribosylation prevents ability to form intermediate filaments.By similarity
Phosphorylation at Ser-7, Ser-28 and Ser-32 by CDK1 and phosphorylation at Ser-60 by AURKB contribute to efficient separation of desmin intermediate filaments during mitosis.By similarity
Ubiquitination by a SCF-like complex containing ASB2 leads to proteasomal degradation.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

ADP-ribosylation, Methylation, Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
O62654

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
O62654

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
O62654

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSBTAG00000005353, Expressed in laryngeal cartilage and 93 other tissues

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homomer.

Interacts with DST.

Interacts with MTM1.

Interacts with EPPK1; interaction is dependent of higher-order structure of intermediate filament.

Interacts with CRYAB.

Interacts with NEB (via nebulin repeats 160-164).

Interacts (via rod region) with NEBL (via nebulin repeats 1-5).

Interacts with ASB2; the interaction targets DES for proteasomal degradation (By similarity).

By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000007041

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
O62654

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini108 – 416IF rodPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST309

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni2 – 108HeadAdd BLAST107
Regioni109 – 141Coil 1AAdd BLAST33
Regioni142 – 151Linker 110
Regioni152 – 252Coil 1BAdd BLAST101
Regioni253 – 268Linker 12Add BLAST16
Regioni268 – 415Interaction with NEBBy similarityAdd BLAST148
Regioni269 – 287Coil 2AAdd BLAST19
Regioni288 – 295Linker 28
Regioni296 – 412Coil 2BAdd BLAST117
Regioni413 – 470TailAdd BLAST58
Regioni438 – 453Interaction with CRYABBy similarityAdd BLAST16

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the intermediate filament family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Coiled coil

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0977, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000155522

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_012560_7_4_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
O62654

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
MRINEKE

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
655109at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF330122

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR018039, IF_conserved
IPR039008, IF_rod_dom
IPR006821, Intermed_filament_DNA-bd

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00038, Filament, 1 hit
PF04732, Filament_head, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01391, Filament, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00226, IF_ROD_1, 1 hit
PS51842, IF_ROD_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

O62654-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSQAYSSSQR VSSYRRTFGG APSFPLGSPL SSPVFPRAGF GTKGSSSSVT
60 70 80 90 100
SRVYQVSRTS GGAGGLGALR ASRLGSTRVP SSYGAGELLD FSLADAVNQE
110 120 130 140 150
FLTTRTNEKV ELQELNDRFA NYIEKVRFLE QQNAALAAEV NRLKGREPTR
160 170 180 190 200
VAEIYEEELR ELRRQVEVLT NQRARVDVER DNLLDDLQRL KAKLQEEIQL
210 220 230 240 250
KEEAENNLAA FRADVDAATL ARIDLERRIE SLNEEIAFLK KVHEEEIREL
260 270 280 290 300
QAQLQEQQVQ VEMDMSKPDL TAALRDIRAQ YETIAAKNIS EAEEWYKSKV
310 320 330 340 350
SDLTQAANKN NDALRQAKQE MMEYRHQIQS YTCEIDALKG TNDSLMRQMR
360 370 380 390 400
ELEDRFASEA SGYQDNIARL EEEIRHLKDE MARHLREYQD LLNVKMALDV
410 420 430 440 450
EIATYRKLLE GEESRINLPI QTFSALNFRE TSPEQRGSEV HTKKTVMIKT
460 470
IETRDGEVVS EATQQQHEVL
Length:470
Mass (Da):53,532
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iB642D20280B3FD54
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB011675 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA25135.1
AB011673 mRNA Translation: BAA25133.1
BC133410 mRNA Translation: AAI33411.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001075044.1, NM_001081575.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSBTAT00000007041; ENSBTAP00000007041; ENSBTAG00000005353

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
280765

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:280765

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB011675 Genomic DNA Translation: BAA25135.1
AB011673 mRNA Translation: BAA25133.1
BC133410 mRNA Translation: AAI33411.1
RefSeqiNP_001075044.1, NM_001081575.1

3D structure databases

SMRiO62654
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000007041

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiO62654
PeptideAtlasiO62654
PRIDEiO62654

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000007041; ENSBTAP00000007041; ENSBTAG00000005353
GeneIDi280765
KEGGibta:280765

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
1674
VEuPathDBiHostDB:ENSBTAG00000005353
VGNCiVGNC:28013, DES

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0977, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000155522
HOGENOMiCLU_012560_7_4_1
InParanoidiO62654
OMAiMRINEKE
OrthoDBi655109at2759
TreeFamiTF330122

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-BTA-390522, Striated Muscle Contraction

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000005353, Expressed in laryngeal cartilage and 93 other tissues

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR018039, IF_conserved
IPR039008, IF_rod_dom
IPR006821, Intermed_filament_DNA-bd
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00038, Filament, 1 hit
PF04732, Filament_head, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01391, Filament, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00226, IF_ROD_1, 1 hit
PS51842, IF_ROD_2, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiDESM_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O62654
Secondary accession number(s): A2VDU8, O62655
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 15, 1998
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: September 29, 2021
This is version 137 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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