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Protein

Interleukin-12 subunit alpha

Gene

IL12A

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Cytokine that can act as a growth factor for activated T and NK cells, enhance the lytic activity of NK/lymphokine-activated Killer cells, and stimulate the production of IFN-gamma by resting PBMC.UniRule annotation

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

  • immune response Source: InterPro
  • positive regulation of mononuclear cell proliferation Source: AgBase

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionCytokineUniRule annotation, Growth factorUniRule annotation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Interleukin-12 subunit alphaUniRule annotation
Short name:
IL-12AUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:IL12AUniRule annotationImported
ORF Names:hCG_1685939Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

More...
EuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSG00000168811.6

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

SecretedUniRule annotation

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

More...
PharmGKBi
PA29784

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bondUniRule annotation

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000168811 Expressed in 81 organ(s), highest expression level in lower esophagus mucosa

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Heterodimer with IL12B; disulfide-linked. The heterodimer is known as interleukin IL-12.UniRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the IL-6 superfamily.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

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eggNOGi
ENOG410IVIR Eukaryota
ENOG410ZGHJ LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000113026

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG063691

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K05406

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
EFKAMNA

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG091G13SK

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR009079 4_helix_cytokine-like_core
IPR004281 IL-12_alpha

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR45311 PTHR45311, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF03039 IL12, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47266 SSF47266, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

O60595-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MWPPGSASQP PPSPAAATGL HPAARPVSLQ CRLSMCPARS LLLVATLVLL
60 70 80 90 100
DHLSLARNLP VATPDPGMFP CLHHSQNLLR AVSNMLQKAR QTLEFYPCTS
110 120 130 140 150
EEIDHEDITK DKTSTVEACL PLELTKNESC LNSRETSFIT NGSCLASRKT
160 170 180 190 200
SFMMALCLSS IYEDLKMYQV EFKTMNAKLL MDPKRQIFLD QNMLAVIDEL
210 220 230 240 250
MQALNFNSET VPQKSSLEEP DFYKTKIKLC ILLHAFRIRA VTIDRVMSYL

NAS
Length:253
Mass (Da):28,293
Last modified:August 1, 1999 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iFAC56ACD2A620BD5
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF101062 mRNA Translation: AAD16432.1
AF180562 mRNA Translation: AAD56385.1
BC104982 mRNA Translation: AAI04983.1
BC104984 mRNA Translation: AAI04985.1
CH471052 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW78656.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

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PIRi
B38957

NCBI Reference Sequences

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RefSeqi
NP_000873.2, NM_000882.3

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

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UniGenei
Hs.673

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

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GeneIDi
3592

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:3592

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF101062 mRNA Translation: AAD16432.1
AF180562 mRNA Translation: AAD56385.1
BC104982 mRNA Translation: AAI04983.1
BC104984 mRNA Translation: AAI04985.1
CH471052 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW78656.1
PIRiB38957
RefSeqiNP_000873.2, NM_000882.3
UniGeneiHs.673

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi3592
KEGGihsa:3592

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
3592
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000168811.6
PharmGKBiPA29784

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IVIR Eukaryota
ENOG410ZGHJ LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000113026
HOVERGENiHBG063691
KOiK05406
OMAiEFKAMNA
OrthoDBiEOG091G13SK

Miscellaneous databases

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
3592

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000168811 Expressed in 81 organ(s), highest expression level in lower esophagus mucosa

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR009079 4_helix_cytokine-like_core
IPR004281 IL-12_alpha
PANTHERiPTHR45311 PTHR45311, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF03039 IL12, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47266 SSF47266, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiO60595_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O60595
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: August 1, 1998
Last sequence update: August 1, 1999
Last modified: November 7, 2018
This is version 142 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.
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