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Entry version 143 (02 Jun 2021)
Sequence version 1 (01 Jun 1998)
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Protein

Transcription factor SOX-10

Gene

Sox10

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Transcription factor that plays a central role in developing and mature glia (By similarity).

Specifically activates expression of myelin genes, during oligodendrocyte (OL) maturation, such as DUSP15 and MYRF, thereby playing a central role in oligodendrocyte maturation and CNS myelination (By similarity).

Once induced, MYRF cooperates with SOX10 to implement the myelination program (By similarity).

Transcriptional activator of MITF, acting synergistically with PAX3 (By similarity).

Transcriptional activator of MBP, via binding to the gene promoter (PubMed:26525805).

By similarity1 Publication

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section specifies the position and type of each DNA-binding domain present within the protein.<p><a href='/help/dna_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>DNA bindingi104 – 172HMG boxPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST69

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionActivator, DNA-binding
Biological processTranscription, Transcription regulation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Transcription factor SOX-10
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Sox10
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 7

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
3735, Sox10

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Membrane, Mitochondrion, Mitochondrion outer membrane, Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000487481 – 466Transcription factor SOX-10Add BLAST466

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei24PhosphoserineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
O55170

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
O55170

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
O55170

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Predominant expression in glial cells of the nervous system.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000011305, Expressed in brain and 21 other tissues

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
O55170, RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Monomer.

Interacts with Armcx3 at the mitochondrial outer membrane surface.

Interacts with PAX3 (By similarity).

By similarity

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">Interaction</a>' section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="https://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated at every <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/synchronization">UniProt release</a>.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
248015, 17 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
O55170, 2 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
O55170

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000015283

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
O55170

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 67DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST67
Regioni62 – 102Dimerization (DIM)By similarityAdd BLAST41
Regioni160 – 198DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST39
Regioni213 – 275DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST63
Regioni228 – 310Transactivation domain (TAM)By similarityAdd BLAST83
Regioni353 – 466Transactivation domain (TAC)By similarityAdd BLAST114
Regioni355 – 375DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Regioni433 – 466DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST34

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular type of amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi53 – 67Basic and acidic residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST15
Compositional biasi160 – 184Basic and acidic residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST25
Compositional biasi251 – 266Basic and acidic residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST16
Compositional biasi357 – 375Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST19
Compositional biasi436 – 466Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST31

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term 'domain' is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The transactivation domains TAM and TAC (for transactivation domain in the middle and at the C-terminus, respectively) are required to contact transcriptional coactivators and basal transcriptional machinery components and thereby induce gene transactivation.By similarity

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0527, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000158046

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_031800_0_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
O55170

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
PYYGHAG

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
782373at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
O55170

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.30.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR009071, HMG_box_dom
IPR036910, HMG_box_dom_sf
IPR022151, Sox_N

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00505, HMG_box, 1 hit
PF12444, Sox_N, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00398, HMG, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47095, SSF47095, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50118, HMG_BOX_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

O55170-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAEEQDLSEV ELSPVGSEEP RCLSPSSAPS LGPDGGGGGS GLRASPGPGE
60 70 80 90 100
LGKVKKEQQD GEADDDKFPV CIREAVSQVL SGYDWTLVPM PVRVNGASKS
110 120 130 140 150
KPHVKRPMNA FMVWAQAARR KLADQYPHLH NAELSKTLGK LWRLLNESDK
160 170 180 190 200
RPFIEEAERL RMQHKKDHPD YKYQPRRRKN GKAAQGEAEC PGGETDQGGA
210 220 230 240 250
AAIQAHYKSA HLDHRHPEEG SPMSDGNPEH PSGQSHGPPT PPTTPKTELQ
260 270 280 290 300
SGKADPKRDG RSLGEGGKPH IDFGNVDIGE ISHEVMSNME TFDVTELDQY
310 320 330 340 350
LPPNGHPGHV GSYSAAGYGL SSALAVASGH SAWISKPPGV ALPTVSPPAV
360 370 380 390 400
DAKAQVKTET TGPQGPPHYT DQPSTSQIAY TSLSLPHYGS AFPSISRPQF
410 420 430 440 450
DYSDHQPSGP YYGHAGQASG LYSAFSYMGP SQRPLYTAIS DPSPSGPQSH
460
SPTHWEQPVY TTLSRP
Length:466
Mass (Da):50,039
Last modified:June 1, 1998 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i094B0C5E42D83454
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ001029 mRNA Translation: CAA04485.1
BC062067 mRNA Translation: AAH62067.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_062066.1, NM_019193.2
XP_017450187.1, XM_017594698.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000015283; ENSRNOP00000015283; ENSRNOG00000011305

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
29361

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:29361

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:3735, rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ001029 mRNA Translation: CAA04485.1
BC062067 mRNA Translation: AAH62067.1
RefSeqiNP_062066.1, NM_019193.2
XP_017450187.1, XM_017594698.1

3D structure databases

SMRiO55170
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi248015, 17 interactors
IntActiO55170, 2 interactors
MINTiO55170
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000015283

PTM databases

iPTMnetiO55170
PhosphoSitePlusiO55170

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiO55170

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000015283; ENSRNOP00000015283; ENSRNOG00000011305
GeneIDi29361
KEGGirno:29361
UCSCiRGD:3735, rat

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
6663
RGDi3735, Sox10

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0527, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000158046
HOGENOMiCLU_031800_0_0_1
InParanoidiO55170
OMAiPYYGHAG
OrthoDBi782373at2759
PhylomeDBiO55170

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:O55170

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000011305, Expressed in brain and 21 other tissues
GenevisibleiO55170, RN

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.30.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR009071, HMG_box_dom
IPR036910, HMG_box_dom_sf
IPR022151, Sox_N
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00505, HMG_box, 1 hit
PF12444, Sox_N, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00398, HMG, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47095, SSF47095, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50118, HMG_BOX_2, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSOX10_RAT
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O55170
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 15, 1999
Last sequence update: June 1, 1998
Last modified: June 2, 2021
This is version 143 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome
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