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Entry version 110 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Jun 1998)
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Protein

Bifunctional protein PutA

Gene

putA

Organism
Klebsiella aerogenes (Enterobacter aerogenes)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Oxidizes proline to glutamate for use as a carbon and nitrogen source and also function as a transcriptional repressor of the put operon.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

FAD

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: L-proline degradation into L-glutamate

This protein is involved in step 1 and 2 of the subpathway that synthesizes L-glutamate from L-proline.
Proteins known to be involved in the 2 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA)
  2. Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA), Bifunctional protein PutA (putA)
This subpathway is part of the pathway L-proline degradation into L-glutamate, which is itself part of Amino-acid degradation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes L-glutamate from L-proline, the pathway L-proline degradation into L-glutamate and in Amino-acid degradation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei883By similarity1
Active sitei917By similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDNA-binding, Multifunctional enzyme, Oxidoreductase, Repressor
Biological processProline metabolism, Transcription, Transcription regulation
LigandFAD, Flavoprotein, NAD

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00261;UER00373
UPA00261;UER00374

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Bifunctional protein PutA
Including the following 2 domains:
Proline dehydrogenase (EC:1.5.5.2)
Alternative name(s):
Proline oxidase
Delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase (EC:1.2.1.88)
Short name:
P5C dehydrogenase
Alternative name(s):
L-glutamate gamma-semialdehyde dehydrogenase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:putA
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiKlebsiella aerogenes (Enterobacter aerogenes)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri548 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeKlebsiella

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000565251 – 1312Bifunctional protein PutAAdd BLAST1312

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
O52485

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni228 – 574Proline dehydrogenaseAdd BLAST347
Regioni653 – 1119Aldehyde dehydrogenaseAdd BLAST467

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

In the N-terminal section; belongs to the proline dehydrogenase family.Curated
In the C-terminal section; belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105C26 Bacteria
COG0506 LUCA
COG4230 LUCA

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.1220.10, 1 hit
1.20.5.550, 1 hit
3.40.309.10, 1 hit
3.40.605.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR016161 Ald_DH/histidinol_DH
IPR016163 Ald_DH_C
IPR016160 Ald_DH_CS_CYS
IPR029510 Ald_DH_CS_GLU
IPR016162 Ald_DH_N
IPR015590 Aldehyde_DH_dom
IPR013321 Arc_rbn_hlx_hlx
IPR025703 Bifunct_PutA
IPR005933 Delta1-pyrroline-5-COlate_DH-3
IPR029041 FAD-linked_oxidoreductase-like
IPR041349 PRODH
IPR024090 PRODH_PutA_dom_I
IPR024089 PRODH_PutA_dom_I/II
IPR024082 PRODH_PutA_dom_II
IPR002872 Proline_DH_dom
IPR010985 Ribbon_hlx_hlx

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00171 Aldedh, 1 hit
PF01619 Pro_dh, 1 hit
PF14850 Pro_dh-DNA_bdg, 1 hit
PF18327 PRODH, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000197 Bifunct_PutA, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47598 SSF47598, 1 hit
SSF51730 SSF51730, 1 hit
SSF53720 SSF53720, 1 hit
SSF81935 SSF81935, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01238 D1pyr5carbox3, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00070 ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_CYS, 1 hit
PS00687 ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_GLU, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

O52485-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MGTTTMGVKL DDATRERIKS AASRIDRTPH WLIKQAIFNY LEKLENDETL
60 70 80 90 100
PELPALLSGA ANESDDASEP TEEPYQPFLE FAEQILPQSV RRAAITAAWR
110 120 130 140 150
RPETDAVPML LEQARLPQPL GEQAHKLAYQ LAEKLRNQKT ASGRAGMVQS
160 170 180 190 200
LLQEFSLSSQ EGVALMCLAE ALLRIPDKAT RDALIRDKIS NGNWQSHIGR
210 220 230 240 250
SPSLFVNAAT WGLLFTGKLV STHNETSLSR SLNRIIGKSG EPLIRKGVDM
260 270 280 290 300
AMRLMGEQFV TGETIAEALA NARKLEEKGF RYSYDMLGEA ALTAADAQAY
310 320 330 340 350
MVSYQQAIHA IGKASNGRGI YEGPGISIKL SALHPRYSRA QYDRVMEELY
360 370 380 390 400
PRLKSLTLLA RQYDIGINID AEEADRLEIS LDLLEKLCFE PELAGWNGIG
410 420 430 440 450
FVIQAYQKRC PFVIDYLIDL ATRSRRRLMI RLVKGAYWDS EIKRAQMEGL
460 470 480 490 500
EGYPVYTRKV YTDVSYLACA KKLLAVPNLI YPQFATHNAH TLAAIYQLAG
510 520 530 540 550
QNYYPGQYEF QCLHGMGEPL YEQVVGKVAD GKLNRPCRIY APVGTHETLL
560 570 580 590 600
AYLVRRLLEN GANTSFVNRI ADNTLPLDEL VADPVSAVEK LAQQEGQAGL
610 620 630 640 650
PHPKIPLPRD LYGSGRSNSA GLDLANEHRL ASLSSSLLNS ALHKWQALPM
660 670 680 690 700
LEQPVAEGEM QPVVNPAEPK DIVGYVREAS DAEVQQALTS AINNAPIWFA
710 720 730 740 750
TPPQERAAIL ERAAVLMESQ MPTLMGILVR EAGKTFSNAI AEVREAVDFL
760 770 780 790 800
HYYAGQVRDD FDNETHRPLG PVVCISPWNF PLAIFTGQIA AALAAGNSVL
810 820 830 840 850
AKPAEQTPLI AAQGVAILLE AGVPPGVIQL LPGRGETVGA ALTSDERVRG
860 870 880 890 900
VMFTGSTEVA TLLQRNIASR LDPQGRPTPL IAETGGMNAM IVDSSALTEQ
910 920 930 940 950
VVIDVLASAF DSAGQRCSAL RVLCLQEEVA DHTLTMLRGA MSECRMGNPG
960 970 980 990 1000
RLTTDIGPVI DAEAKENIER HIQAMRAKGR TVYQAVRENS EDAREWRHGT
1010 1020 1030 1040 1050
FVPPTLIELD SFDELKKEVF GPVLHVVRYN RNELDKLVEQ INASGYGLTL
1060 1070 1080 1090 1100
GVHTRIDETI AQVTGSAKVG NLYVNRNMVG AVVGVQPFGG EGLSGTGPKA
1110 1120 1130 1140 1150
GGPLYLYRLL SSRPQDAVGV TFARQDAERP LDAQLKTLLE KPLQALQQWA
1160 1170 1180 1190 1200
AGRPELQALC QQYSEQAQSG TQRLLPGPTG ERNTLTLMPR ERVLCVADNE
1210 1220 1230 1240 1250
QDALIQLAAV LAVGCEVLWP DSALQRDLAK KLPREVSERI RFAKAEQLPV
1260 1270 1280 1290 1300
QAFDAVIYHG DSDQLRELCE QVAARDGAIV SVQGFARGET NLLLERLYIE
1310
RSLSVNTAAA GA
Length:1,312
Mass (Da):143,857
Last modified:June 1, 1998 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iBAF3CA7FC5D18599
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF038838 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB95478.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF038838 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB95478.1

3D structure databases

SMRiO52485
ModBaseiSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105C26 Bacteria
COG0506 LUCA
COG4230 LUCA

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00261;UER00373
UPA00261;UER00374

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.1220.10, 1 hit
1.20.5.550, 1 hit
3.40.309.10, 1 hit
3.40.605.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR016161 Ald_DH/histidinol_DH
IPR016163 Ald_DH_C
IPR016160 Ald_DH_CS_CYS
IPR029510 Ald_DH_CS_GLU
IPR016162 Ald_DH_N
IPR015590 Aldehyde_DH_dom
IPR013321 Arc_rbn_hlx_hlx
IPR025703 Bifunct_PutA
IPR005933 Delta1-pyrroline-5-COlate_DH-3
IPR029041 FAD-linked_oxidoreductase-like
IPR041349 PRODH
IPR024090 PRODH_PutA_dom_I
IPR024089 PRODH_PutA_dom_I/II
IPR024082 PRODH_PutA_dom_II
IPR002872 Proline_DH_dom
IPR010985 Ribbon_hlx_hlx
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00171 Aldedh, 1 hit
PF01619 Pro_dh, 1 hit
PF14850 Pro_dh-DNA_bdg, 1 hit
PF18327 PRODH, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000197 Bifunct_PutA, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47598 SSF47598, 1 hit
SSF51730 SSF51730, 1 hit
SSF53720 SSF53720, 1 hit
SSF81935 SSF81935, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01238 D1pyr5carbox3, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00070 ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_CYS, 1 hit
PS00687 ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_GLU, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPUTA_KLEAE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O52485
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 30, 2000
Last sequence update: June 1, 1998
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 110 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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