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Entry version 91 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Jun 1998)
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Protein

Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 2

Gene

PARP2

Organism
Zea mays (Maize)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the base excision repair (BER) pathway, by catalyzing the poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation of a limited number of acceptor proteins involved in chromatin architecture and in DNA metabolism. This modification follows DNA damages and appears as an obligatory step in a detection/signaling pathway leading to the reparation of DNA strand breaks (By similarity).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDNA-binding, Glycosyltransferase, Transferase
LigandNAD

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 2 (EC:2.4.2.30)
Short name:
PARP-2
Alternative name(s):
NAD(+) ADP-ribosyltransferase 2
Short name:
ADPRT-2
Poly[ADP-ribose] synthase 2
Protein ADP-ribosyltransferase PARP2By similarity (EC:2.4.2.-By similarity)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PARP2
Synonyms:PARP
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiZea mays (Maize)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri4577 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaLiliopsidaPoalesPoaceaePACMAD cladePanicoideaeAndropogonodaeAndropogoneaeTripsacinaeZea
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000007305 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

Maize Genetics and Genomics Database

More...
MaizeGDBi
403201

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002604991 – 653Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 2Add BLAST653

Keywords - PTMi

ADP-ribosylation

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
O50017

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
O50017

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
O50017 baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
4577.GRMZM2G099231_P01

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
O50017

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini2 – 36SAP 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST35
Domaini91 – 125SAP 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST35
Domaini301 – 419PARP alpha-helicalPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST119
Domaini427 – 653PARP catalyticPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST227

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi69 – 72Nuclear localization signalSequence analysis4

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1037 Eukaryota
ENOG410XP18 LUCA

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.720.30, 1 hit
1.20.142.10, 1 hit
2.20.140.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR012317 Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_cat_dom
IPR004102 Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_reg_dom
IPR036616 Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_reg_dom_sf
IPR003034 SAP_dom
IPR036361 SAP_dom_sf
IPR036930 WGR_dom_sf
IPR008893 WGR_domain

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00644 PARP, 1 hit
PF02877 PARP_reg, 1 hit
PF02037 SAP, 1 hit
PF05406 WGR, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00513 SAP, 2 hits
SM00773 WGR, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF142921 SSF142921, 1 hit
SSF47587 SSF47587, 1 hit
SSF68906 SSF68906, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51060 PARP_ALPHA_HD, 1 hit
PS51059 PARP_CATALYTIC, 1 hit
PS50800 SAP, 2 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

O50017-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSARLRVADV RAELQRRGLD VSGTKPALVR RLDAAICEAE KAVVAAAPTS
60 70 80 90 100
VANGYDVAVD GKRNCGNNKR KRSGDGGEEG NGDTCTDVTK LEGMSYRELQ
110 120 130 140 150
GLAKARGVAA NGGKKDVIQR LLSATAGPAA VADGGPLGAK EVIKGGDEEV
160 170 180 190 200
EVKKEKMVTA TKKGAAVLDQ HIPDHIKVNY HVLQVGDEIY DATLNQTNVG
210 220 230 240 250
DNNNKFYIIQ VLESDAGGSF MVYNRWGRVG VRGQDKLHGP SPTRDQAIYE
260 270 280 290 300
FEGKFHNKTN NHWSDRKNFK CYAKKYTWLE MDYGETEKEI EKGSITDQIK
310 320 330 340 350
ETKLETRIAQ FISLICNISM MKQRMVEIGY NAEKLPLGKL RKATILKGYH
360 370 380 390 400
VLKRISDVIS KADRRHLEQL TGEFYTVIPH DFGFRKMREF IIDTPQKLKA
410 420 430 440 450
KLEMVEALGE IEIATKLLED DSSDQDDPLY ARYKQLHCDF TPLEADSDEY
460 470 480 490 500
SMIKSYLRNT HGKTHSGYTV DIVQIFKVSR HGETERFQKF ASTRNRMLLW
510 520 530 540 550
HGSRLSNWAG ILSQGLRIAP PEAPVTGYMF GKGVYFADMF SKSANYCYAS
560 570 580 590 600
EACRSGVLLL CEVALGDMNE LLNADYDANN LPKGKLRSKG VGQTAPNMVE
610 620 630 640 650
SKVADDGVVV PLGEPKQEPS KRGGLLYNEY IVYNVDQIRM RYVLHVNFNF

KRR
Length:653
Mass (Da):72,995
Last modified:June 1, 1998 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i5FD01923C4ABCD1D
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ222588 mRNA Translation: CAA10888.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
T03656

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ222588 mRNA Translation: CAA10888.1
PIRiT03656

3D structure databases

SMRiO50017
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi4577.GRMZM2G099231_P01

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiO50017
PRIDEiO50017

Organism-specific databases

MaizeGDBi403201

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1037 Eukaryota
ENOG410XP18 LUCA

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiO50017 baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.720.30, 1 hit
1.20.142.10, 1 hit
2.20.140.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR012317 Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_cat_dom
IPR004102 Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_reg_dom
IPR036616 Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_reg_dom_sf
IPR003034 SAP_dom
IPR036361 SAP_dom_sf
IPR036930 WGR_dom_sf
IPR008893 WGR_domain
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00644 PARP, 1 hit
PF02877 PARP_reg, 1 hit
PF02037 SAP, 1 hit
PF05406 WGR, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00513 SAP, 2 hits
SM00773 WGR, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF142921 SSF142921, 1 hit
SSF47587 SSF47587, 1 hit
SSF68906 SSF68906, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51060 PARP_ALPHA_HD, 1 hit
PS51059 PARP_CATALYTIC, 1 hit
PS50800 SAP, 2 hits

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPARP2_MAIZE
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O50017
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 28, 2006
Last sequence update: June 1, 1998
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 91 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome
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