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Entry version 135 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 2 (01 Jun 2003)
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Protein

2-oxoisovalerate dehydrogenase subunit alpha, mitochondrial

Gene

bckd-1A

Organism
Caenorhabditis elegans
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

The branched-chain alpha-keto dehydrogenase complex catalyzes the overall conversion of alpha-keto acids to acyl-CoA and CO2. It contains multiple copies of three enzymatic components: branched-chain alpha-keto acid decarboxylase (E1), lipoamide acyltransferase (E2) and lipoamide dehydrogenase (E3) (By similarity). Required for the production of the monomethyl branched-chain fatty acids (mmBCFAs) isopentadecanoate (C15iso) and isoheptadecanoate (C17iso) (PubMed:15340492).By similarity1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

thiamine diphosphateBy similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: fatty acid biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway fatty acid biosynthesis, which is part of Lipid metabolism.1 Publication
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway fatty acid biosynthesis and in Lipid metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi189PotassiumBy similarity1
Metal bindingi194PotassiumBy similarity1
Metal bindingi195PotassiumBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processFatty acid biosynthesis, Fatty acid metabolism, Lipid biosynthesis, Lipid metabolism
LigandMetal-binding, Potassium

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-CEL-389661 Glyoxylate metabolism and glycine degradation
R-CEL-70895 Branched-chain amino acid catabolism

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00094

Chemistry databases

SwissLipids knowledge resource for lipid biology

More...
SwissLipidsi
SLP:000000190

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
2-oxoisovalerate dehydrogenase subunit alpha, mitochondrial (EC:1.2.4.41 Publication)
Alternative name(s):
Branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase E1 component alpha chain
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:bckd-1AImported
ORF Names:Y39E4A.3Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiCaenorhabditis elegans
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri6239 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaEcdysozoaNematodaChromadoreaRhabditidaRhabditinaRhabditomorphaRhabditoideaRhabditidaePeloderinaeCaenorhabditis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001940 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome III

Organism-specific databases

WormBase

More...
WormBasei
Y39E4A.3a ; CE33866 ; WBGene00012713 ; bckd-1A

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Mitochondrion

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – ?MitochondrionSequence analysis
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_0000421270? – 4312-oxoisovalerate dehydrogenase subunit alpha, mitochondrial

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

More...
EPDi
O45924

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
O45924

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
O45924

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
O45924

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
WBGene00012713 Expressed in 5 organ(s), highest expression level in multi-cellular organism

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
O45924 baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
41889, 3 interactors

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-25302N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
O45924, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
6239.Y39E4A.3b

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
O45924

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni140 – 142Thiamine pyrophosphate bindingBy similarity3

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the BCKDHA family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1182 Eukaryota
COG1071 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00530000063174

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000281337

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
O45924

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
NTMDKIL

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR034616 BCKDH_E1-a
IPR001017 DH_E1
IPR029061 THDP-binding

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR43380:SF1 PTHR43380:SF1, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00676 E1_dh, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF52518 SSF52518, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

O45924-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MHRALLNASR RVATVRSMAS TVEGDAFRLS EYSSKYLGHR KAAFTEKLEI
60 70 80 90 100
VNADDTPALP IYRVTNAVGD VIDKSQDPNF DEQTSLKMYK TMTQLNIMDR
110 120 130 140 150
ILYDSQRQGR ISFYMTSFGE EGNHVGSAAA LEPQDLIYGQ YREAGVLLWR
160 170 180 190 200
GYTMENFMNQ CYGNADDLGK GRQMPMHFGT KERNFVTISS PLTTQLPQAV
210 220 230 240 250
GSAYAFKQQK DNNRIAVVYF GDGAASEGDA HAAFNFAATL KCPIIFFCRN
260 270 280 290 300
NGYAISTPTS EQYGGDGIAG KGPAYGLHTI RVDGNDLLAV YNATKEARRV
310 320 330 340 350
ALTNRPVLIE AMTYRLGHHS TSDDSTAYRS SDEVQTWGDK DHPITRFKKY
360 370 380 390 400
ITERGWWNEE KEMEWQKEVK KRVLTEFAAA EKRKKAHYHD LFEDVYDELP
410 420 430
LRLRRQRDEL DAHVAEYKEH YPMLETLQSK P
Length:431
Mass (Da):49,021
Last modified:June 1, 2003 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA6CAA29B9220AB1C
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
Q4A1S8Q4A1S8_CAEEL
2-oxoisovalerate dehydrogenase subu...
bckd-1a bckd-1A, CELE_Y39E4A.3, Y39E4A.3
432Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL021480 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA16329.2

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
T26758

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001033376.1, NM_001038287.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl metazoan genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblMetazoai
Y39E4A.3a.1; Y39E4A.3a.1; WBGene00012713

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
176716

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
Y39E4A.3b c. elegans

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL021480 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA16329.2
PIRiT26758
RefSeqiNP_001033376.1, NM_001038287.2

3D structure databases

SMRiO45924
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi41889, 3 interactors
DIPiDIP-25302N
IntActiO45924, 1 interactor
STRINGi6239.Y39E4A.3b

Chemistry databases

SwissLipidsiSLP:000000190

Proteomic databases

EPDiO45924
PaxDbiO45924
PeptideAtlasiO45924
PRIDEiO45924

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblMetazoaiY39E4A.3a.1; Y39E4A.3a.1; WBGene00012713
GeneIDi176716
UCSCiY39E4A.3b c. elegans

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
176716
WormBaseiY39E4A.3a ; CE33866 ; WBGene00012713 ; bckd-1A

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1182 Eukaryota
COG1071 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00530000063174
HOGENOMiHOG000281337
InParanoidiO45924
OMAiNTMDKIL

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00094
ReactomeiR-CEL-389661 Glyoxylate metabolism and glycine degradation
R-CEL-70895 Branched-chain amino acid catabolism

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:O45924

Gene expression databases

BgeeiWBGene00012713 Expressed in 5 organ(s), highest expression level in multi-cellular organism
ExpressionAtlasiO45924 baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR034616 BCKDH_E1-a
IPR001017 DH_E1
IPR029061 THDP-binding
PANTHERiPTHR43380:SF1 PTHR43380:SF1, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00676 E1_dh, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52518 SSF52518, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiODBA_CAEEL
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O45924
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 6, 2013
Last sequence update: June 1, 2003
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 135 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programCaenorhabditis annotation project

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  3. Caenorhabditis elegans
    Caenorhabditis elegans: entries, gene names and cross-references to WormBase
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