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Entry version 129 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Jan 1998)
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Protein

Vesicular inhibitory amino acid transporter

Gene

Slc32a1

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the uptake of GABA and glycine into the synaptic vesicles.1 Publication

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processNeurotransmitter transport, Transport

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-425393 Transport of inorganic cations/anions and amino acids/oligopeptides
R-RNO-888590 GABA synthesis, release, reuptake and degradation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Vesicular inhibitory amino acid transporter
Alternative name(s):
GABA and glycine transporter
Solute carrier family 32 member 1
Vesicular GABA transporter
Short name:
rGVAT
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Slc32a1
Synonyms:Vgat, Viaat
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 3

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
621402 Slc32a1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 133CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST133
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei134 – 154HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini155 – 204Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysisAdd BLAST50
Transmembranei205 – 225HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini226 – 242CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST17
Transmembranei243 – 263HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini264 – 265Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysis2
Transmembranei266 – 286HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini287 – 305CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST19
Transmembranei306 – 326HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini327 – 341Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysisAdd BLAST15
Transmembranei342 – 362HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini363 – 383CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei384 – 404HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini405 – 438Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysisAdd BLAST34
Transmembranei439 – 459HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini460 – 461CytoplasmicSequence analysis2
Transmembranei462 – 482HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini483 – 489Lumenal, vesicleSequence analysis7
Transmembranei490 – 510HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini511 – 525CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST15

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasmic vesicle, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000938231 – 525Vesicular inhibitory amino acid transporterAdd BLAST525

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei186Nitrated tyrosineBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi341N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1

Keywords - PTMi

Glycoprotein, Nitration

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
O35458

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
O35458

PTM databases

SwissPalm database of S-palmitoylation events

More...
SwissPalmi
O35458

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Brain. Expressed at high levels within the neocortex, hippocampus, cerebellum, striatum, septal nuclei and the reticular nucleus of the thalamus (PubMed:9349821). Also expressed in islets where it is more abundant in the peripheral/mantle region (PubMed:12031963).2 Publications

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000015393 Expressed in 3 organ(s), highest expression level in brain

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
O35458 RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
249777, 2 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
O35458, 1 interactor

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
O35458

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000020720

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG4303 Eukaryota
COG0814 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00490000043380

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000220837

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
O35458

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K15015

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
NWSHIAA

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
570025at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
O35458

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF312818

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013057 AA_transpt_TM

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01490 Aa_trans, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

O35458-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MATLLRSKLT NVATSVSNKS QAKVSGMFAR MGFQAATDEE AVGFAHCDDL
60 70 80 90 100
DFEHRQGLQM DILKSEGEPC GDEGAEPPVE GDIHYQRGGA PLPPSGSKDQ
110 120 130 140 150
AVGAGGEFGG HDKPKITAWE AGWNVTNAIQ GMFVLGLPYA ILHGGYLGLF
160 170 180 190 200
LIIFAAVVCC YTGKILIACL YEENEDGEVV RVRDSYVAIA NACCAPRFPT
210 220 230 240 250
LGGRVVNVAQ IIELVMTCIL YVVVSGNLMY NSFPGLPVSQ KSWSIIATAV
260 270 280 290 300
LLPCAFLKNL KAVSKFSLLC TLAHFVINIL VIAYCLSRAR DWAWEKVKFY
310 320 330 340 350
IDVKKFPISI GIIVFSYTSQ IFLPSLEGNM QQPSEFHCMM NWTHIAACVL
360 370 380 390 400
KGLFALVAYL TWADETKEVI TDNLPGSIRA VVNIFLVAKA LLSYPLPFFA
410 420 430 440 450
AVEVLEKSLF QEGSRAFFPA CYGGDGRLKS WGLTLRCALV VFTLLMAIYV
460 470 480 490 500
PHFALLMGLT GSLTGAGLCF LLPSLFHLRL LWRKLLWHQV FFDVAIFVIG
510 520
GICSVSGFVH SLEGLIEAYR TNAED
Length:525
Mass (Da):57,407
Last modified:January 1, 1998 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i33C5E8D31B7BD510
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF030253 mRNA Translation: AAB82950.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_113970.1, NM_031782.1
XP_006235503.1, XM_006235441.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000020720; ENSRNOP00000020720; ENSRNOG00000015393

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
83612

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:83612

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:621402 rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF030253 mRNA Translation: AAB82950.1
RefSeqiNP_113970.1, NM_031782.1
XP_006235503.1, XM_006235441.3

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi249777, 2 interactors
IntActiO35458, 1 interactor
MINTiO35458
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000020720

PTM databases

SwissPalmiO35458

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiO35458
PRIDEiO35458

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000020720; ENSRNOP00000020720; ENSRNOG00000015393
GeneIDi83612
KEGGirno:83612
UCSCiRGD:621402 rat

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
140679
RGDi621402 Slc32a1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG4303 Eukaryota
COG0814 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00490000043380
HOGENOMiHOG000220837
InParanoidiO35458
KOiK15015
OMAiNWSHIAA
OrthoDBi570025at2759
PhylomeDBiO35458
TreeFamiTF312818

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-425393 Transport of inorganic cations/anions and amino acids/oligopeptides
R-RNO-888590 GABA synthesis, release, reuptake and degradation

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:O35458

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000015393 Expressed in 3 organ(s), highest expression level in brain
GenevisibleiO35458 RN

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013057 AA_transpt_TM
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01490 Aa_trans, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiVIAAT_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O35458
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 28, 2003
Last sequence update: January 1, 1998
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 129 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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