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Entry version 118 (29 Sep 2021)
Sequence version 1 (01 Jan 1998)
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Protein

Glyoxal reductase

Gene

yvgN

Organism
Bacillus subtilis (strain 168)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Reduces glyoxal and methylglyoxal (2-oxopropanal). Is not involved in the vitamin B6 biosynthesis.

1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei54Proton donorBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei112SubstrateBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi190 – 242NADPBy similarityAdd BLAST53

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
LigandNADP

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
BSUB:BSU33400-MONOMER
MetaCyc:BSU33400-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glyoxal reductase (EC:1.1.1.-)
Short name:
GR
Alternative name(s):
Methylglyoxal reductase (EC:1.1.1.283)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:yvgN
Ordered Locus Names:BSU33400
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBacillus subtilis (strain 168)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri224308 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesBacilliBacillalesBacillaceaeBacillus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001570 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemoved1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003606422 – 276Glyoxal reductaseAdd BLAST275

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
O32210

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
O32210

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
O32210

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
O32210, 1 interactor

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
O32210

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
224308.BSU33400

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1276
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
O32210

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
O32210

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the aldo/keto reductase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
COG0656, Bacteria

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
O32210

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
TWAEMQK

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
O32210

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd19157, AKR_AKR5G1-3, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.20.20.100, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR020471, AKR
IPR044500, AKR5G
IPR018170, Aldo/ket_reductase_CS
IPR023210, NADP_OxRdtase_dom
IPR036812, NADP_OxRdtase_dom_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR43827, PTHR43827, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00248, Aldo_ket_red, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000097, AKR, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00069, ALDKETRDTASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51430, SSF51430, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00798, ALDOKETO_REDUCTASE_1, 1 hit
PS00062, ALDOKETO_REDUCTASE_2, 1 hit
PS00063, ALDOKETO_REDUCTASE_3, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

O32210-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MPTSLKDTVK LHNGVEMPWF GLGVFKVENG NEATESVKAA IKNGYRSIDT
60 70 80 90 100
AAIYKNEEGV GIGIKESGVA REELFITSKV WNEDQGYETT LAAFEKSLER
110 120 130 140 150
LQLDYLDLYL IHWPGKDKYK DTWRALEKLY KDGKIRAIGV SNFQVHHLEE
160 170 180 190 200
LLKDAEIKPM VNQVEFHPRL TQKELRDYCK GQGIQLEAWS PLMQGQLLDN
210 220 230 240 250
EVLTQIAEKH NKSVAQVILR WDLQHGVVTI PKSIKEHRII ENADIFDFEL
260 270
SQEDMDKIDA LNKDERVGPN PDELLF
Length:276
Mass (Da):31,663
Last modified:January 1, 1998 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i3EDB1F384BB77AC0
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ223978 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA11712.1
AL009126 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB15345.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
C70040

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_391220.1, NC_000964.3
WP_003243374.1, NZ_JNCM01000033.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
CAB15345; CAB15345; BSU_33400

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
936001

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bsu:BSU33400

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|224308.179.peg.3625

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ223978 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA11712.1
AL009126 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB15345.1
PIRiC70040
RefSeqiNP_391220.1, NC_000964.3
WP_003243374.1, NZ_JNCM01000033.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
3D3FX-ray2.40A/B2-276[»]
3F7JX-ray1.70A/B1-276[»]
SMRiO32210
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiO32210, 1 interactor
MINTiO32210
STRINGi224308.BSU33400

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiO32210
PaxDbiO32210
PRIDEiO32210

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCAB15345; CAB15345; BSU_33400
GeneIDi936001
KEGGibsu:BSU33400
PATRICifig|224308.179.peg.3625

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0656, Bacteria
InParanoidiO32210
OMAiTWAEMQK
PhylomeDBiO32210

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciBSUB:BSU33400-MONOMER
MetaCyc:BSU33400-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiO32210

Family and domain databases

CDDicd19157, AKR_AKR5G1-3, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.20.20.100, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR020471, AKR
IPR044500, AKR5G
IPR018170, Aldo/ket_reductase_CS
IPR023210, NADP_OxRdtase_dom
IPR036812, NADP_OxRdtase_dom_sf
PANTHERiPTHR43827, PTHR43827, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00248, Aldo_ket_red, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000097, AKR, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00069, ALDKETRDTASE
SUPFAMiSSF51430, SSF51430, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00798, ALDOKETO_REDUCTASE_1, 1 hit
PS00062, ALDOKETO_REDUCTASE_2, 1 hit
PS00063, ALDOKETO_REDUCTASE_3, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGR_BACSU
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O32210
Secondary accession number(s): Q7B2L2
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 20, 2009
Last sequence update: January 1, 1998
Last modified: September 29, 2021
This is version 118 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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