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Entry version 125 (07 Apr 2021)
Sequence version 1 (01 Jan 1998)
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Protein

Galactinol synthase 4

Gene

GOLS4

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Galactinol synthase involved in the biosynthesis of raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs) that function as osmoprotectants. May promote plant stress tolerance (By similarity).

By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

a divalent metal cationBy similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei104By similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi120ManganeseBy similarity1
Metal bindingi122ManganeseBy similarity1
Metal bindingi258ManganeseBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionGlycosyltransferase, Transferase
Biological processCarbohydrate metabolism, Galactose metabolism
LigandManganese, Metal-binding

Protein family/group databases

Carbohydrate-Active enZymes

More...
CAZyi
GT8, Glycosyltransferase Family 8

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Galactinol synthase 4 (EC:2.4.1.123)
Short name:
AtGolS4
Short name:
GolS-4
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:GOLS4
Ordered Locus Names:At1g60470
ORF Names:F8A5.2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1

Organism-specific databases

Arabidopsis Information Portal

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Araporti
AT1G60470

The Arabidopsis Information Resource

More...
TAIRi
locus:2036576, AT1G60470

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004186601 – 334Galactinol synthase 4Add BLAST334

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
O22693

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
O22693

ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
248454

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By methylviologen (MV), a superoxide radical generating drug.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
O22693, baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
O22693, AT

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
3702.AT1G60470.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1950, Eukaryota

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_049943_3_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
O22693

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
YSKKAYV

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
818680at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
O22693

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.90.550.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002495, Glyco_trans_8
IPR030515, GOLS
IPR029044, Nucleotide-diphossugar_trans

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11183:SF106, PTHR11183:SF106, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01501, Glyco_transf_8, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53448, SSF53448, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

O22693-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAPEISVNPM YLSEKAHQAP PRRAYVTFLA GNGDYVKGVV GLAKGLRKVK
60 70 80 90 100
SAYPLVVAML PDVPEEHREI LRSQGCVVRE IEPVYPPDNQ VEFAMAYYVL
110 120 130 140 150
NYSKLRIWNF EEYSKMIYLD ADIQVFDNID HLFDLSDAYF YAVMDCFCEK
160 170 180 190 200
TWSHSLQYSI GYCQQCPEKV TWPEDMESPP PPLYFNAGMF VFEPSPLTYE
210 220 230 240 250
SLLQTLEITP PSPFAEQDFL NMFFEKVYKP IPLVYNLVLA MLWRHPENVE
260 270 280 290 300
LEKVKVVHYC AAGSKPWRYT GEEANMDRED IKMLVDKWWD VYNDESLDFK
310 320 330
SKIPADAEET VTKSSILASV LEPEMTYFPA PSAA
Length:334
Mass (Da):38,511
Last modified:January 1, 1998 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i591D3D441F01FA75
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti87P → Q in BAE99313 (Ref. 4) Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AC002292 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB71970.1
CP002684 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE33692.1
BT023412 mRNA Translation: AAY56403.1
AK227297 mRNA Translation: BAE99313.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
H96629

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_176250.1, NM_104734.4

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
AT1G60470.1; AT1G60470.1; AT1G60470

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
842342

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
AT1G60470.1; AT1G60470.1; AT1G60470

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ath:AT1G60470

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AC002292 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB71970.1
CP002684 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE33692.1
BT023412 mRNA Translation: AAY56403.1
AK227297 mRNA Translation: BAE99313.1
PIRiH96629
RefSeqiNP_176250.1, NM_104734.4

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi3702.AT1G60470.1

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGT8, Glycosyltransferase Family 8

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiO22693
PRIDEiO22693
ProteomicsDBi248454

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT1G60470.1; AT1G60470.1; AT1G60470
GeneIDi842342
GrameneiAT1G60470.1; AT1G60470.1; AT1G60470
KEGGiath:AT1G60470

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT1G60470
TAIRilocus:2036576, AT1G60470

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1950, Eukaryota
HOGENOMiCLU_049943_3_0_1
InParanoidiO22693
OMAiYSKKAYV
OrthoDBi818680at2759
PhylomeDBiO22693

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:O22693

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiO22693, baseline and differential
GenevisibleiO22693, AT

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.90.550.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002495, Glyco_trans_8
IPR030515, GOLS
IPR029044, Nucleotide-diphossugar_trans
PANTHERiPTHR11183:SF106, PTHR11183:SF106, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01501, Glyco_transf_8, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53448, SSF53448, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGOLS4_ARATH
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O22693
Secondary accession number(s): Q0WU85
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 5, 2012
Last sequence update: January 1, 1998
Last modified: April 7, 2021
This is version 125 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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