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Entry version 153 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Jan 1998)
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Protein

S-sulfo-L-cysteine synthase (O-acetyl-L-serine-dependent), chloroplastic

Gene

CS26

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

S-sulfocysteine synthase that plays an important role in chloroplast function and is essential for light-dependent redox regulation and photosynthetic performance within the chloroplast (PubMed:20179139, PubMed:22829322, PubMed:23333972). Probably unable to interact with SAT and to form the decameric Cys synthase complex (CSC) required for O-acetylserine (thiol)-lyase (OAS-TL) enzymatic activity (PubMed:18223034). Lacks OAS-TL activity (PubMed:20179139).4 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

pyridoxal 5'-phosphateBy similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=0.46 mM for O-acetyl-L-serine1 Publication
  2. KM=0.93 mM for thiosulfate1 Publication
  1. Vmax=20.7 mmol/min/mg enzyme toward thiosulfate1 Publication

pH dependencei

Optimum pH is 8-9.1 Publication

Temperature dependencei

Optimum temperature is 30 degrees Celsius.1 Publication

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei171Pyridoxal phosphateBy similarity1
Binding sitei353Pyridoxal phosphateBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • cysteine synthase activity Source: TAIR
  • pyridoxal phosphate binding Source: GO_Central

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionTransferase
Biological processAmino-acid biosynthesis, Cysteine biosynthesis
LigandPyridoxal phosphate

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
ARA:AT3G03630-MONOMER
MetaCyc:AT3G03630-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
S-sulfo-L-cysteine synthase (O-acetyl-L-serine-dependent), chloroplasticCurated (EC:2.5.1.1441 Publication)
Alternative name(s):
AtCS261 Publication
Beta-substituted Ala synthase 5;11 Publication
Short name:
ARAth-Bsas5;11 Publication
O-acetylserine sulfhydrylaseCurated
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:CS261 Publication
Ordered Locus Names:At3g03630Imported
ORF Names:T12J13.9Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 3

Organism-specific databases

Arabidopsis Information Portal

More...
Araporti
AT3G03630

The Arabidopsis Information Resource

More...
TAIRi
locus:2096454 AT3G03630

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Chloroplast, Plastid, Thylakoid

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

No visible phenotype under normal growth condition (PubMed:18024555). No visible phenotype under short day (SD) conditions (PubMed:20179139). Reduced growth and pale green leaf phenotype under long day (LD) conditions (PubMed:20179139, PubMed:22829322).3 Publications

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – ?ChloroplastSequence analysis
Transit peptidei? – 84ThylakoidSequence analysis
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000000635485 – 404S-sulfo-L-cysteine synthase (O-acetyl-L-serine-dependent), chloroplasticAdd BLAST320

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei140N6-(pyridoxal phosphate)lysineBy similarity1

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
O22682

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
O22682

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
O22682 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
O22682 AT

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
6536, 1 interactor

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
O22682, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
3702.AT3G03630.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
O22682

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni275 – 279Pyridoxal phosphate bindingBy similarity5

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1252 Eukaryota
COG0031 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000217394

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
O22682

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K22846

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
MPASVNI

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1016546at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
O22682

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.50.1100, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR005856 Cys_synth
IPR005859 CysK
IPR001216 P-phosphate_BS
IPR001926 PLP-dep
IPR036052 Trypto_synt_PLP_dependent

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00291 PALP, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53686 SSF53686, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01139 cysK, 1 hit
TIGR01136 cysKM, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00901 CYS_SYNTHASE, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

O22682-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAFASPSLRL LPQSPLGRIT SKLHRFSTAK LSLFSFHHDS SSSLAVRTPV
60 70 80 90 100
SSFVVGAISG KSSTGTKSKS KTKRKPPPPP PVTTVAEEQH IAESETVNIA
110 120 130 140 150
EDVTQLIGST PMVYLNRVTD GCLADIAAKL ESMEPCRSVK DRIGLSMINE
160 170 180 190 200
AENSGAITPR KTVLVEPTTG NTGLGIAFVA AAKGYKLIVT MPASINIERR
210 220 230 240 250
MLLRALGAEI VLTNPEKGLK GAVDKAKEIV LKTKNAYMFQ QFDNTANTKI
260 270 280 290 300
HFETTGPEIW EDTMGNVDIF VAGIGTGGTV TGTGGFLKMM NKDIKVVGVE
310 320 330 340 350
PSERSVISGD NPGYLPGILD VKLLDEVFKV SNGEAIEMAR RLALEEGLLV
360 370 380 390 400
GISSGAAAVA AVSLAKRAEN AGKLITVLFP SHGERYITTA LFSSINREVQ

EMRY
Length:404
Mass (Da):43,161
Last modified:January 1, 1998 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i50C813C470B1CF64
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB003041 mRNA Translation: BAA21628.1
AC009327 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF03469.1
CP002686 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE73965.1
AY099573 mRNA Translation: AAM20425.1
BT002155 mRNA Translation: AAN72166.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_187013.1, NM_111234.5

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
AT3G03630.1; AT3G03630.1; AT3G03630

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
821203

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
AT3G03630.1; AT3G03630.1; AT3G03630

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ath:AT3G03630

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB003041 mRNA Translation: BAA21628.1
AC009327 Genomic DNA Translation: AAF03469.1
CP002686 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE73965.1
AY099573 mRNA Translation: AAM20425.1
BT002155 mRNA Translation: AAN72166.1
RefSeqiNP_187013.1, NM_111234.5

3D structure databases

SMRiO22682
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi6536, 1 interactor
IntActiO22682, 1 interactor
STRINGi3702.AT3G03630.1

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiO22682
PRIDEiO22682

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT3G03630.1; AT3G03630.1; AT3G03630
GeneIDi821203
GrameneiAT3G03630.1; AT3G03630.1; AT3G03630
KEGGiath:AT3G03630

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT3G03630
TAIRilocus:2096454 AT3G03630

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1252 Eukaryota
COG0031 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000217394
InParanoidiO22682
KOiK22846
OMAiMPASVNI
OrthoDBi1016546at2759
PhylomeDBiO22682

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciARA:AT3G03630-MONOMER
MetaCyc:AT3G03630-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:O22682

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiO22682 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiO22682 AT

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.1100, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR005856 Cys_synth
IPR005859 CysK
IPR001216 P-phosphate_BS
IPR001926 PLP-dep
IPR036052 Trypto_synt_PLP_dependent
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00291 PALP, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53686 SSF53686, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01139 cysK, 1 hit
TIGR01136 cysKM, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00901 CYS_SYNTHASE, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCYSK4_ARATH
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: O22682
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 1, 2000
Last sequence update: January 1, 1998
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 153 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
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