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Entry version 52 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (26 Jun 2013)
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Protein
Submitted name:

Glutamic acid decarboxylase 1, isoform D

Gene

Gad1

Organism
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

pyridoxal 5'-phosphateUniRule annotation

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyaseUniRule annotationImported
LigandPyridoxal phosphateUniRule annotation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Submitted name:
Glutamic acid decarboxylase 1, isoform DImported (EC:4.1.1.15Imported)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Gad1Imported
Synonyms:DGAD1Imported, DGad1Imported, dGad1Imported, dgad1Imported, Dmel\CG14994Imported, GADImported, GadImported, gadImported, GAD-1Imported, GAD1Imported, gad1Imported, GAD[[1]]Imported, GlbImported, l(3)64AnImported, l(3)SH10Imported
ORF Names:CG14994Imported, Dmel_CG14994Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiDrosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri7227 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaEcdysozoaArthropodaHexapodaInsectaPterygotaNeopteraHolometabolaDipteraBrachyceraMuscomorphaEphydroideaDrosophilidaeDrosophilaSophophora
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000803 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 3L

Organism-specific databases

Drosophila genome database

More...
FlyBasei
FBgn0004516 Gad1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei322N6-(pyridoxal phosphate)lysineUniRule annotation1

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
M9PH99

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
FBgn0004516 Expressed in 16 organ(s), highest expression level in head

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
M9PH99 baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
M9PH99

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the group II decarboxylase family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0629 Eukaryota
COG0076 LUCA

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K01580

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
FHKHFFQ

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
810772at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
M9PH99

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.640.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002129 PyrdxlP-dep_de-COase
IPR015424 PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase
IPR015421 PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_major
IPR021115 Pyridoxal-P_BS

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00282 Pyridoxal_deC, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53383 SSF53383, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00392 DDC_GAD_HDC_YDC, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

M9PH99-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSLNPNGYKL SERTGKLTAY DLMPTTVTAG PETREFLLKV IDVLLDFVKA
60 70 80 90 100
TNDRNEKVLD FHHPEDMKRL LDLDVPDRAL PLQQLIEDCA TTLKYQVKTG
110 120 130 140 150
HPHFFNQLSN GLDLISMAGE WLTATANTNM FTYEIAPVFI LMENVVLTKM
160 170 180 190 200
REIIGWSGGD SILAPGGSIS NLYAFLAARH KMFPNYKEHG SVGLPGTLVM
210 220 230 240 250
FTSDQCHYSI KSCAAVCGLG TDHCIVVPSD EHGKMITSEL ERLILERKAK
260 270 280 290 300
GDIPFFVNAT AGTTVLGAFD DINTIADICQ KYNCWMHIDA AWGGGLLMSR
310 320 330 340 350
KHRHPRFTGV ERADSVTWNP HKLMGALLQC STIHFKEDGL LISCNQMSAE
360 370 380 390 400
YLFMTDKQYD ISYDTGDKVI QCGRHNDIFK LWLQWRAKGT EGFEQQQDRL
410 420 430 440 450
MELVQYQLKR IREQSDRFHL ILEPECVNVS FWYVPKRLRG VPHDAKKEVE
460 470 480 490 500
LGKICPIIKG RMMQKGTLMV GYQPDDRRPN FFRSIISSAA VNEADVDFML
510
DEIHRLGDDL
Length:510
Mass (Da):57,819
Last modified:June 26, 2013 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iAAEBFC6FDC662001
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
P20228DCE_DROME
Glutamate decarboxylase
Gad1 Gad, Glb, CG14994
510Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE014296 Genomic DNA Translation: AGB94091.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001261396.1, NM_001274467.1
NP_523914.2, NM_079190.3
NP_728930.1, NM_168055.2
NP_728931.1, NM_168056.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl metazoan genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblMetazoai
FBtr0073275; FBpp0073131; FBgn0004516
FBtr0073276; FBpp0073132; FBgn0004516
FBtr0073277; FBpp0073133; FBgn0004516
FBtr0332980; FBpp0305196; FBgn0004516

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
38484

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
dme:Dmel_CG14994

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE014296 Genomic DNA Translation: AGB94091.1
RefSeqiNP_001261396.1, NM_001274467.1
NP_523914.2, NM_079190.3
NP_728930.1, NM_168055.2
NP_728931.1, NM_168056.2

3D structure databases

SMRiM9PH99
ModBaseiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiM9PH99

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblMetazoaiFBtr0073275; FBpp0073131; FBgn0004516
FBtr0073276; FBpp0073132; FBgn0004516
FBtr0073277; FBpp0073133; FBgn0004516
FBtr0332980; FBpp0305196; FBgn0004516
GeneIDi38484
KEGGidme:Dmel_CG14994

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
2571
FlyBaseiFBgn0004516 Gad1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0629 Eukaryota
COG0076 LUCA
KOiK01580
OMAiFHKHFFQ
OrthoDBi810772at2759
PhylomeDBiM9PH99

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
Gad1 fly

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
38484

Gene expression databases

BgeeiFBgn0004516 Expressed in 16 organ(s), highest expression level in head
ExpressionAtlasiM9PH99 baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.640.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002129 PyrdxlP-dep_de-COase
IPR015424 PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase
IPR015421 PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_major
IPR021115 Pyridoxal-P_BS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00282 Pyridoxal_deC, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53383 SSF53383, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00392 DDC_GAD_HDC_YDC, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiM9PH99_DROME
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: M9PH99
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: June 26, 2013
Last sequence update: June 26, 2013
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 52 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteomeImported
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Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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