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Entry version 24 (12 Aug 2020)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 2013)
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Protein

4-O-dimethylallyl-L-tyrosine synthase

Gene

tcpD

Organism
Claviceps purpurea (strain 20.1) (Ergot fungus) (Sphacelia segetum)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

4-O-dimethylallyl-L-tyrosine synthase; part of the gene cluster that mediates the biosynthesis of an unusual class of epipolythiodioxopiperazines (ETPs) lacking the reactive thiol group important for toxicity (PubMed:27390873).

Firstly, L-tyrosine is prenylated by tcpD, before undergoing condensation with L-glycine in a reaction catalyzed by the NRPS tcpP leading to the diketopiperazine (DKP) backbone (PubMed:27390873).

Afterwards the alpha-carbon of tyrosine is oxidized by the cytochrome P450 tcpC to form a hydroxyl group (PubMed:27390873).

However, in contrast other ETP biosynthesis pathways studied so far, tcpC is not able to bishydroxylate the DKP at both alpha-carbon positions, but hydroxylates the alpha-carbon of the tyrosine part and the nitrogen of the glycine part (PubMed:27390873).

The next steps involve an alpha,beta-elimination reaction catalyzed by tcpI, a methylation by the methyltransferase tcpN the action of the four enzyme cascade tcpG/K/J/I (PubMed:27390873).

Due to a dysfunctional cytochrome P450 monooxygenase tcpC, the pathway leads to the biosynthesis of probable non-toxic metabolites lacking the reactive thiol group (PubMed:27390873).

1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionTransferase

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
4-O-dimethylallyl-L-tyrosine synthaseBy similarity (EC:2.5.1.122By similarity)
Alternative name(s):
Thioclapurine biosynthesis protein D1 Publication
Tyrosine O-prenyltransferase tcpDBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:tcpD1 Publication
ORF Names:CPUR_02678
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiClaviceps purpurea (strain 20.1) (Ergot fungus) (Sphacelia segetum)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri1111077 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaPezizomycotinaSordariomycetesHypocreomycetidaeHypocrealesClavicipitaceaeClaviceps
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000016801 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unassembled WGS sequence

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004376991 – 4444-O-dimethylallyl-L-tyrosine synthaseAdd BLAST444

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Expression is positively regulated by the thioclapurine cluster-specific transcription factor tcpZ (PubMed:27390873).1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

By similarity

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
M1VV66

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG502S2XP, Eukaryota

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_037431_2_2_1

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1531660at2759

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd13929, PT-DMATS_CymD, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR033964, Aro_prenylTrfase
IPR017795, Aro_prenylTrfase_DMATS
IPR012148, DMATS-type_fun

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR40627, PTHR40627, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF11991, Trp_DMAT, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000509, Trp_DMAT, 1 hit

Structure-Function Linkage Database

More...
SFLDi
SFLDS00036, Aromatic_Prenyltransferase, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR03429, arom_pren_DMATS, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

M1VV66-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MPFMFETILS RVKWTANTLV ARLTTLYEYE YPRTAKEETG IDKEYHIKLW
60 70 80 90 100
DEDIGAMLVS MMRLAGYSEQ SQKTHRIFFK EQVARSLGLY PTTYPHQSAW
110 120 130 140 150
ESFMTDDHTP VEMSWSWSGN TPTPVVRYAA EPISWHAGTA SDPLNSEATT
160 170 180 190 200
ECLASTAPLA PSLDLRWYRH FLKHLVADDS DGQHDTTDHL SQEFIAFDLD
210 220 230 240 250
KDSMTVKYYF LPTLKSLACG KTNLELMEES ILSLPEADEA VRSSLKVLTT
260 270 280 290 300
YIRAYPQDEQ PQAEIFAVDC VNPANSRLKI YVRSRKTTFD SMLEMMTLGG
310 320 330 340 350
QTPDLTRDAI DSLRELWCAC FALPNNPSVT SKPLRSKEHR TGGLLYYFEL
360 370 380 390 400
RPGAALPTSK VYLPVRHYGK TDDQIARGLS SYLYKRGQCL EGGLSYYEGV
410 420 430 440
RRICKHRSLK QGLGFQTYIT CAVKKGVVSV NAYFNPETCQ YSRG
Length:444
Mass (Da):50,485
Last modified:May 1, 2013 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i38A828DD15001CFB
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CAGA01000011 Genomic DNA Translation: CCE28987.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl fungal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblFungii
CCE28987; CCE28987; CPUR_02678

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CAGA01000011 Genomic DNA Translation: CCE28987.1

3D structure databases

SMRiM1VV66
ModBaseiSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiCCE28987; CCE28987; CPUR_02678

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG502S2XP, Eukaryota
HOGENOMiCLU_037431_2_2_1
OrthoDBi1531660at2759

Family and domain databases

CDDicd13929, PT-DMATS_CymD, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR033964, Aro_prenylTrfase
IPR017795, Aro_prenylTrfase_DMATS
IPR012148, DMATS-type_fun
PANTHERiPTHR40627, PTHR40627, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF11991, Trp_DMAT, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000509, Trp_DMAT, 1 hit
SFLDiSFLDS00036, Aromatic_Prenyltransferase, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR03429, arom_pren_DMATS, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTCPD_CLAP2
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: M1VV66
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 2, 2016
Last sequence update: May 1, 2013
Last modified: August 12, 2020
This is version 24 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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