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Entry version 48 (02 Dec 2020)
Sequence version 1 (28 Nov 2012)
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Protein

9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase NCED2, chloroplastic

Gene

NCED2

Organism
Solanum lycopersicum (Tomato) (Lycopersicon esculentum)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Has a 11,12(11',12') 9-cis epoxycarotenoid cleavage activity. Catalyzes the first step of abscisic-acid (ABA) biosynthesis from carotenoids.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Fe2+By similarityNote: Binds 1 Fe2+ ion per subunit.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: abscisate biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway abscisate biosynthesis, which is part of Plant hormone biosynthesis.By similarity
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway abscisate biosynthesis and in Plant hormone biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi279Iron; via tele nitrogenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi328Iron; via tele nitrogenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi393Iron; via tele nitrogenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi568Iron; via tele nitrogenBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDioxygenase, Oxidoreductase
Biological processAbscisic acid biosynthesis
LigandIron, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
1.13.11.51, 3101

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00090

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase NCED2, chloroplastic1 Publication (EC:1.13.11.51By similarity)
Short name:
LeNCED21 Publication
Short name:
SlNCED21 Publication
Alternative name(s):
Nine-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase 21 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:NCED21 Publication
Ordered Locus Names:Solyc08g016720.1.1Curated
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSolanum lycopersicum (Tomato) (Lycopersicon esculentum)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri4081 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaeasteridslamiidsSolanalesSolanaceaeSolanoideaeSolaneaeSolanumSolanum subgen. Lycopersicon
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000004994 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 8

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Chloroplast, Plastid

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – 82ChloroplastSequence analysisAdd BLAST82
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000044568883 – 5819-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase NCED2, chloroplasticAdd BLAST499

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
K4CJJ1

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
K4CJJ1

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in flowers (PubMed:29632966). Expressed in developing and ripening fruits (PubMed:22345638, PubMed:22108525).3 Publications

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at the protein level'.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

Expressed in the meristem during gametogenesis and mainly in ovule, stigma, anther/pollen and vascular tissues during flower development. In flower buds, present in petal primordium and apical meristem. Later expressed in stamen primordium and pistil meristem after petal formation. Accumulates in stamen, pistil and vascular tissues of the bud base. Highly expressed in sporogenous cells in anther, pistil stigma, ovules, pollen grains, anther walls, and basal vascular bundle. In anthers, first present at high levels, then declines rapidly from stage 13 (when microspores transform into vacuolated pollen grains after mitotic divisions) to stage 16 (when the sepals are better separated, and the faint yellow petals are clearer) to a very low level (PubMed:29632966). In fruits, expressed at high levels at the immature stage and then declined continually through all stages of fruit development (PubMed:22345638, PubMed:22108525, PubMed:25039074).4 Publications

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Induced by abscisic-acid (ABA) and dehydration.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
K4CJJ1, baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
4081.Solyc08g016720.1.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
K4CJJ1

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the carotenoid oxygenase family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1285, Eukaryota

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_016472_0_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
K4CJJ1

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
FIWPFEA

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
524712at2759

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR004294, Carotenoid_Oase

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10543, PTHR10543, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF03055, RPE65, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

K4CJJ1-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTSTIANYRV SHSFSPSTSY SLDFTLPSKS ISMKNHTTTK TKIHSALLTL
60 70 80 90 100
PKQNNTPKNQ PQFQTSHWNF FQKAAAKALD IVESALVSRE LQNPLPKTAD
110 120 130 140 150
PRVQIAGNFA PVPEQSVRHN LPVTGTIPDC INGVYVRNGA NPLFEPVAGH
160 170 180 190 200
HLFDGDGMVH AVTVENGSVS YSCRFTETER LVQERELGHP VFPKAIGELH
210 220 230 240 250
GHSGIARLLL FYARGVFGLV DHSHGTGVAN AGLVFFNNRL LAMSEDDVPY
260 270 280 290 300
HVQVLPSGDL QTVGRYNFDD QLKSTMIAHP KIDPVSGELF ALSYDVVQKP
310 320 330 340 350
YLKSFKFSPD GEKSPDVEIP LDVPTMMHDF AITENYVVIP DQQVVFKLQE
360 370 380 390 400
MIKGGSPVIY DKNKKSRFGI LPKNAENSEN IIWVESAETF CFHLWNAWEE
410 420 430 440 450
PETDEVIVIG SCMTPPDSIF NECNENLKSV LSEIRLNLKT GESTRRQLLS
460 470 480 490 500
PSDQVNLEAG MVNRNKLGRK TQFAYLAIAE PWPKVSGFAK VDLSTGEIKK
510 520 530 540 550
HIYGDKRYGG EPLFLPRNVN SEKEDDGYIL AFCHDEKTWK SELQIVNAMT
560 570 580
LELEATVKLP SRVPYGFHGT FISSKDLQNQ V
Length:581
Mass (Da):64,834
Last modified:November 28, 2012 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i8E9F510AC75D666C
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti335N → S in ACL00683 (PubMed:19246595).Curated1
Sequence conflicti449L → P in ACL00683 (PubMed:19246595).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CM001071 Genomic DNA No translation available.
EU912387 mRNA Translation: ACL00683.2

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
XP_004244807.1, XM_004244759.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
Solyc08g016720.1.1; Solyc08g016720.1.1.1; Solyc08g016720.1

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
100316877

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
Solyc08g016720.1.1; Solyc08g016720.1.1.1; Solyc08g016720.1

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
sly:100316877

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CM001071 Genomic DNA No translation available.
EU912387 mRNA Translation: ACL00683.2
RefSeqiXP_004244807.1, XM_004244759.3

3D structure databases

SMRiK4CJJ1
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi4081.Solyc08g016720.1.1

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiK4CJJ1
PRIDEiK4CJJ1

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiSolyc08g016720.1.1; Solyc08g016720.1.1.1; Solyc08g016720.1
GeneIDi100316877
GrameneiSolyc08g016720.1.1; Solyc08g016720.1.1.1; Solyc08g016720.1
KEGGisly:100316877

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1285, Eukaryota
HOGENOMiCLU_016472_0_0_1
InParanoidiK4CJJ1
OMAiFIWPFEA
OrthoDBi524712at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00090
BRENDAi1.13.11.51, 3101

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiK4CJJ1, baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR004294, Carotenoid_Oase
PANTHERiPTHR10543, PTHR10543, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF03055, RPE65, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiNCED2_SOLLC
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: K4CJJ1
Secondary accession number(s): C5H805
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 7, 2018
Last sequence update: November 28, 2012
Last modified: December 2, 2020
This is version 48 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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