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Entry version 39 (16 Jan 2019)
Sequence version 1 (22 Feb 2012)
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Protein

Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1

Gene

COX1

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Cytochrome c oxidase is the component of the respiratory chain that catalyzes the reduction of oxygen to water. Subunits 1-3 form the functional core of the enzyme complex. CO I is the catalytic subunit of the enzyme. Electrons originating in cytochrome c are transferred via the copper A center of subunit 2 and heme A of subunit 1 to the bimetallic center formed by heme A3 and copper B.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: oxidative phosphorylation

This protein is involved in the pathway oxidative phosphorylation, which is part of Energy metabolism.UniRule annotationSAAS annotation
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway oxidative phosphorylation and in Energy metabolism.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductaseUniRule annotationSAAS annotation
Biological processElectron transport, Respiratory chainUniRule annotationSAAS annotation, Transport
LigandCopperUniRule annotationSAAS annotation, HemeUniRule annotationSAAS annotation, Iron, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00705

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1UniRule annotation (EC:1.9.3.1UniRule annotation)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:COX1Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates if the gene coding for the protein originates from the hydrogenosome, the mitochondrion, the nucleomorph, different plastids or a plasmid. The absence of this section means that the gene is located in one of the main chromosomal element(s).<p><a href='/help/encoded_on' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Encoded oniMitochondrionImported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei18 – 37HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST20
Transmembranei57 – 83HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST27
Transmembranei104 – 128HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST25
Transmembranei148 – 171HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST24
Transmembranei183 – 210HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST28
Transmembranei243 – 261HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST19
Transmembranei268 – 291HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST24
Transmembranei303 – 325HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST23
Transmembranei337 – 359HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST23
Transmembranei379 – 400HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST22
Transmembranei412 – 430HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST19
Transmembranei450 – 473HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST24

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane, Mitochondrion, Mitochondrion inner membraneUniRule annotation

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Proteomic databases

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
G9LLD3

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini1 – 511COX1InterPro annotationAdd BLAST511

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the heme-copper respiratory oxidase family.UniRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helixSequence analysisSAAS annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG4769 Eukaryota
COG0843 LUCA

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd01663 Cyt_c_Oxidase_I, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

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Gene3Di
1.20.210.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR023616 Cyt_c_oxase-like_su1_dom
IPR036927 Cyt_c_oxase-like_su1_sf
IPR000883 Cyt_C_Oxase_1
IPR023615 Cyt_c_Oxase_su1_BS
IPR033944 Cyt_c_oxase_su1_dom

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10422 PTHR10422, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00115 COX1, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01165 CYCOXIDASEI

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF81442 SSF81442, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50855 COX1, 1 hit
PS00077 COX1_CUB, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

G9LLD3-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MFADRWLFST NHKDIGTLYL LFGAWAGVLG TALSLLIRAE LGQPGNLLGN
60 70 80 90 100
DHIYNVIVTA HAFVMIFFMV MPIMIGGFGN WLVPLMIGAP DMAFPRMNNM
110 120 130 140 150
SFWLLPPSLL LLLASAMVEA GAGTGWTVYP PLAGNYSHPG ASVDLTIFSL
160 170 180 190 200
HLAGVSSILG AINFITTIIN MKPPAMTQYQ TPLFVWSVLI TAVLLLLSLP
210 220 230 240 250
VLAAGITMLL TDRNLNTTFF DPAGGGDPIL YQHLFWFFGH PEVYILILPG
260 270 280 290 300
FGMISHIVTY YSGKKEPFGY MGMVWAMMSI GFLGFIVWAH HMFTVGMDVD
310 320 330 340 350
TRAYFTSATM IIAIPTGVKV FSWLATLHGS NMKWSAAVLW ALGFIFLFTV
360 370 380 390 400
GGLTGIVLAN SSLDIVLHDT YYVVAHFHYV LSMGAVFAIM GGFIHWFPLF
410 420 430 440 450
SGYTLDQTYA KIHFTIMFIG VNLTFFPQHF LGLSGMPRRY SDYPDAYTTW
460 470 480 490 500
NILSSVGSFI SLTAVMLMIF MIWEAFASKR KVLMVEEPSM NLEWLYGCXP
510
PYHTFEEPVY MKS
Length:513
Mass (Da):57,056
Last modified:February 22, 2012 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iDBCBFE808650A425
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
JQ045075 Genomic DNA Translation: AEV50544.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
JQ045075 Genomic DNA Translation: AEV50544.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Proteomic databases

PeptideAtlasiG9LLD3

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG4769 Eukaryota
COG0843 LUCA

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00705

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01663 Cyt_c_Oxidase_I, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.20.210.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR023616 Cyt_c_oxase-like_su1_dom
IPR036927 Cyt_c_oxase-like_su1_sf
IPR000883 Cyt_C_Oxase_1
IPR023615 Cyt_c_Oxase_su1_BS
IPR033944 Cyt_c_oxase_su1_dom
PANTHERiPTHR10422 PTHR10422, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00115 COX1, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01165 CYCOXIDASEI
SUPFAMiSSF81442 SSF81442, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50855 COX1, 1 hit
PS00077 COX1_CUB, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiG9LLD3_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: G9LLD3
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: February 22, 2012
Last sequence update: February 22, 2012
Last modified: January 16, 2019
This is version 39 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.
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