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Entry version 62 (23 Feb 2022)
Sequence version 1 (14 Dec 2011)
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Protein

Delta(9)-fatty-acid desaturase fat-5

Gene

fat-5

Organism
Caenorhabditis elegans
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Delta9-fatty acid desaturase that acts preferentially on palmitoyl-CoA (hexadecanoyl-CoA) producing the monounsaturated palmitoleoyl-CoA ((9Z)-hexadecenoyl-CoA), which can be elongated to (11Z)-octadecenoyl-CoA (the most abundant monounsaturated fatty acid in Caenorhabditis elegans phospholipids and triacylglycerols). Also acts on pentadecanoyl-CoA, heptadecanoyl-CoA and myristoyl-CoA (tetradecanoyl-CoA), the monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) produced are further used as substrates to synthesize polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) by several other desaturases and elongases (PubMed:16839188, PubMed:10872837, PubMed:29237573).

Unlike plants, Caenorhabditis elegans desaturases seem to use fatty acyl-CoAs as substrates (By similarity).

By similarity3 Publications

Miscellaneous

Cytochrome b5 CYTB-5.2 is specifically required for the desaturase activity, its knockdown or mutation alters the enzyme activity.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: monounsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway monounsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis, which is part of Lipid metabolism.2 Publications
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway monounsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis and in Lipid metabolism.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • iron ion binding Source: GO_Central
  • stearoyl-CoA 9-desaturase activity Source: WormBase

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processFatty acid biosynthesis, Fatty acid metabolism, Lipid biosynthesis, Lipid metabolism

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-CEL-75105, Fatty acyl-CoA biosynthesis

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA01038

Chemistry databases

SwissLipids knowledge resource for lipid biology

More...
SwissLipidsi
SLP:000000269

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Delta(9)-fatty-acid desaturase fat-51 Publication (EC:1.14.19.-3 Publications)
Alternative name(s):
Fatty acid desaturase 5
Short name:
FAT-52 Publications
Palmitoyl-CoA fatty acid desaturase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:fat-5
ORF Names:W06D12.3
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiCaenorhabditis elegans
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri6239 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaEcdysozoaNematodaChromadoreaRhabditidaRhabditinaRhabditomorphaRhabditoideaRhabditidaePeloderinaeCaenorhabditis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001940 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome V

Organism-specific databases

WormBase

More...
WormBasei
W06D12.3 ; CE16551 ; WBGene00001397 ; fat-5

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei42 – 62HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei66 – 86HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei187 – 207HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Transmembranei210 – 230HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004233871 – 333Delta(9)-fatty-acid desaturase fat-5Add BLAST333

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

More...
EPDi
G5ED44

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
G5ED44

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
G5ED44

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in the intestine in adult worms and in all four larval stages. Additional expression in the pharynx and tail cells after hatching and throughout the lifespan.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Expression is regulated by nhr-80 and nhr-49 in the intestine.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
WBGene00001397, Expressed in material anatomical entity and 4 other tissues

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
45141, 3 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
6239.W06D12.3

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
G5ED44

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term 'domain' is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The histidine box domains may contain the active site and/or be involved in metal ion binding.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1600, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00970000196153

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_027359_0_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
G5ED44

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
IGYHRLY

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
971318at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
G5ED44

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd03505, Delta9-FADS-like, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR015876, Acyl-CoA_DS

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11351, PTHR11351, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00075, FACDDSATRASE

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

G5ED44-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTQIKVDAII SKQFLAADLN EIRQMQEESK KQVIKMEIVW KNVALFVALH
60 70 80 90 100
IGALVGLYQL VFQAKWATVG WVFLLHTLGS MGVTGGAHRL WAHRAYKATL
110 120 130 140 150
SWRVFLMLIN SIAFQNDIID WARDHRCHHK WTDTDADPHS TNRGMFFAHM
160 170 180 190 200
GWLLVKKHDQ LKIQGGKLDL SDLYEDPVLM FQRKNYLPLV GIFCFALPTF
210 220 230 240 250
IPVVLWGESA FIAFYTAALF RYCFTLHATW CINSVSHWVG WQPYDHQASS
260 270 280 290 300
VDNLWTSIAA VGEGGHNYHH TFPQDYRTSE HAEFLNWTRV LIDFGASIGM
310 320 330
VYDRKTTPEE VIQRQCKKFG CETEREKMLH KLG
Length:333
Mass (Da):38,462
Last modified:December 14, 2011 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i4DA52D619FC40F99
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF260242 mRNA Translation: AAF97548.1
Z82073 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB04924.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
T26230

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_507482.1, NM_075081.4

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl metazoan genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblMetazoai
W06D12.3.1; W06D12.3.1; WBGene00001397

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
180162

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
cel:CELE_W06D12.3

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF260242 mRNA Translation: AAF97548.1
Z82073 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB04924.1
PIRiT26230
RefSeqiNP_507482.1, NM_075081.4

3D structure databases

SMRiG5ED44
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi45141, 3 interactors
STRINGi6239.W06D12.3

Chemistry databases

SwissLipidsiSLP:000000269

Proteomic databases

EPDiG5ED44
PaxDbiG5ED44
PeptideAtlasiG5ED44

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblMetazoaiW06D12.3.1; W06D12.3.1; WBGene00001397
GeneIDi180162
KEGGicel:CELE_W06D12.3

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
180162
WormBaseiW06D12.3 ; CE16551 ; WBGene00001397 ; fat-5

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1600, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00970000196153
HOGENOMiCLU_027359_0_0_1
InParanoidiG5ED44
OMAiIGYHRLY
OrthoDBi971318at2759
PhylomeDBiG5ED44

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA01038
ReactomeiR-CEL-75105, Fatty acyl-CoA biosynthesis

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:G5ED44

Gene expression databases

BgeeiWBGene00001397, Expressed in material anatomical entity and 4 other tissues

Family and domain databases

CDDicd03505, Delta9-FADS-like, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR015876, Acyl-CoA_DS
PANTHERiPTHR11351, PTHR11351, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00075, FACDDSATRASE

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiFAT5_CAEEL
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: G5ED44
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 18, 2013
Last sequence update: December 14, 2011
Last modified: February 23, 2022
This is version 62 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programCaenorhabditis annotation project

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Caenorhabditis elegans
    Caenorhabditis elegans: entries, gene names and cross-references to WormBase
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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