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Entry version 48 (12 Aug 2020)
Sequence version 1 (19 Oct 2011)
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Protein

Citrate synthase

Gene

CS

Organism
Anolis carolinensis (Green anole) (American chameleon)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: tricarboxylic acid cycle

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes isocitrate from oxaloacetate.ARBA annotation
Proteins known to be involved in the 2 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Citrate synthase (CS), Citrate synthase (CS)
  2. Aconitate hydratase, mitochondrial (aco2)
This subpathway is part of the pathway tricarboxylic acid cycle, which is itself part of Carbohydrate metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes isocitrate from oxaloacetate, the pathway tricarboxylic acid cycle and in Carbohydrate metabolism.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionTransferaseUniRule annotationARBA annotation

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00223;UER00717

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Citrate synthaseUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:CSImported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiAnolis carolinensis (Green anole) (American chameleon)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri28377 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiLepidosauriaSquamataBifurcataUnidentataEpisquamataToxicoferaIguaniaDactyloidaeAnolis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001646 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSACAG00000007556, Expressed in hemipenis and 14 other tissues

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

ARBA annotation

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
28377.ENSACAP00000007463

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the citrate synthase family.UniRule annotationARBA annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG2617, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000006813

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_022049_2_1_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
G1KGV0

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
TVGWCAQ

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF300398

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.230.10, 1 hit
1.10.580.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR016142, Citrate_synth-like_lrg_a-sub
IPR016143, Citrate_synth-like_sm_a-sub
IPR002020, Citrate_synthase
IPR019810, Citrate_synthase_AS
IPR010109, Citrate_synthase_euk
IPR036969, Citrate_synthase_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11739, PTHR11739, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00285, Citrate_synt, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00143, CITRTSNTHASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48256, SSF48256, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01793, cit_synth_euk, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00480, CITRATE_SYNTHASE, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

G1KGV0-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
KYLHTSSFSL QNSSCIIFAA RHASASTNLK DVLANMIPKE QARLKSFRQQ
60 70 80 90 100
YGSTVIGQIT VDMLYGGMRG MKGLIYETSV LDPDEGIRFR GYSIPECQKL
110 120 130 140 150
LPKAPGGAEP LPEGLFWLLV TGEIPSQEQV SWLSREWAKR AALPSHVVTM
160 170 180 190 200
LDNFPTNLHP MSQLSAAVTA LNSESTFARA YSEGISRTKY WEFIYEDSMD
210 220 230 240 250
LIAKLPCIAA KIYRNLYREG SSIGAIDPAL DWSHNFTNML GYNDPQFIEL
260 270 280 290 300
MRLYLTIHSD HEGGNVSAHT SHLVGSALSD PYLSFAAAMN GLAGPLHGLA
310 320 330 340 350
NQEVLVWLTS LQKELGEDVS DEKLRDFIWN TLNSGRVVPG YGHAVLRKTD
360 370 380 390 400
PRYTCQREFA LKHLPKDPLF KLVAQLYKIV PNVLLEQGKA KNPWPNVDAH
410 420 430 440 450
SGVLLQYYGM KEMNYYTVLF GVSRALGVLS QLIWSRSLGF PLERPKSMST
460
DGLMELVGAK SG
Length:462
Mass (Da):51,442
Last modified:October 19, 2011 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i70167BAFB98D9481
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
R4GCA1R4GCA1_ANOCA
Citrate synthase
CS
427Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSACAT00000007620; ENSACAP00000007463; ENSACAG00000007556

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi28377.ENSACAP00000007463

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSACAT00000007620; ENSACAP00000007463; ENSACAG00000007556

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2617, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000006813
HOGENOMiCLU_022049_2_1_1
InParanoidiG1KGV0
OMAiTVGWCAQ
TreeFamiTF300398

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00223;UER00717

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSACAG00000007556, Expressed in hemipenis and 14 other tissues

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.230.10, 1 hit
1.10.580.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR016142, Citrate_synth-like_lrg_a-sub
IPR016143, Citrate_synth-like_sm_a-sub
IPR002020, Citrate_synthase
IPR019810, Citrate_synthase_AS
IPR010109, Citrate_synthase_euk
IPR036969, Citrate_synthase_sf
PANTHERiPTHR11739, PTHR11739, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00285, Citrate_synt, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00143, CITRTSNTHASE
SUPFAMiSSF48256, SSF48256, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01793, cit_synth_euk, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00480, CITRATE_SYNTHASE, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiG1KGV0_ANOCA
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: G1KGV0
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: October 19, 2011
Last sequence update: October 19, 2011
Last modified: August 12, 2020
This is version 48 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteomeImported
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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