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Entry version 58 (02 Dec 2020)
Sequence version 2 (10 Apr 2019)
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Protein

Dopamine beta-hydroxylase

Gene

DBH

Organism
Equus caballus (Horse)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Conversion of dopamine to noradrenaline.ARBA annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Cu2+ARBA annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: (R)-noradrenaline biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes (R)-noradrenaline from dopamine.ARBA annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH), Dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH), Dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH)
This subpathway is part of the pathway (R)-noradrenaline biosynthesis, which is itself part of Catecholamine biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes (R)-noradrenaline from dopamine, the pathway (R)-noradrenaline biosynthesis and in Catecholamine biosynthesis.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionMonooxygenaseARBA annotation, Oxidoreductase
LigandCopperARBA annotation, Metal-bindingARBA annotation, Vitamin CARBA annotation

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00748;UER00735

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Dopamine beta-hydroxylaseARBA annotation (EC:1.14.17.1ARBA annotation)
Alternative name(s):
Soluble dopamine beta-hydroxylaseARBA annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:DBHImported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEquus caballus (Horse)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9796 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaPerissodactylaEquidaeEquus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002281 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 25

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:17016, DBH

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bondARBA annotation, GlycoproteinARBA annotation

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSECAG00000019582, Expressed in multi-cellular organism and 3 other tissues

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
F7E2E6, baseline

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotetramer; composed of two disulfide-linked dimers.

ARBA annotation

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini50 – 166DOMONInterPro annotationAdd BLAST117

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni586 – 610DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST25

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the copper type II ascorbate-dependent monooxygenase family.ARBA annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helixARBA annotation

Phylogenomic databases

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00530000063085

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_017939_3_0_1

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF320698

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.60.120.230, 1 hit
2.60.120.310, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR014784, Cu2_ascorb_mOase-like_C
IPR020611, Cu2_ascorb_mOase_CS-1
IPR014783, Cu2_ascorb_mOase_CS-2
IPR000323, Cu2_ascorb_mOase_N
IPR036939, Cu2_ascorb_mOase_N_sf
IPR024548, Cu2_monoox_C
IPR000945, DBH-like
IPR005018, DOMON_domain
IPR008977, PHM/PNGase_F_dom_sf
IPR028460, Tbh/DBH

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10157, PTHR10157, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF03712, Cu2_monoox_C, 1 hit
PF01082, Cu2_monooxygen, 1 hit
PF03351, DOMON, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00767, DBMONOXGNASE

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00664, DoH, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF49742, SSF49742, 2 hits

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00084, CU2_MONOOXYGENASE_1, 1 hit
PS00085, CU2_MONOOXYGENASE_2, 1 hit
PS50836, DOMON, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

F7E2E6-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MKVPSPSVRE AASMYGTAVA IFLVILVAAL QGSEPPESPF PYRIPLDPEG
60 70 80 90 100
TLELSWNVSY VQETIHFQLL VRELKAGVLF GMSDRGELEN ADLVVLWTDG
110 120 130 140 150
DSAYFGDAWS DQKGWIHLDA QQDYQLLRAQ RTPEGLSLLF KRPFGTCDPK
160 170 180 190 200
DYLIEDGTVH LVYGILEEPF WSLEAINTSA LHTGLQRVQL LKPNVSVPAL
210 220 230 240 250
PADMRTMEVR APDVLVPGQE TTYWCYITEL PDGFPRHHIV MYEPIVTEGN
260 270 280 290 300
EALVHHMEVF QCATEFESFP QFNGPCDSKM KPSRLNYCRH VLAAWALGAK
310 320 330 340 350
AFYYPEEAGL AFGGAGSSRF LRLEVHYHNP LKIEGRRDSS GIRLYYTATL
360 370 380 390 400
RRFDAGIMEL GLVYTPVMAI PPQETAFVLT GYCTDKCTQL ALPPSGIHIF
410 420 430 440 450
ASQLHTHLTG RKVVTVLARD GREREVVNRD DHYSPHFQEI RMLKKVVSVH
460 470 480 490 500
PGDVLITSCT YNTEDRKLAT VGGFGILEEM CVNYVHYYPQ TQLELCKSAV
510 520 530 540 550
DPGFLQKYFH FVNRFNGEEV CTCPQASVPE QFATVPWNSF NRQVLSALYG
560 570 580 590 600
FAPISMHCNK SSAVRFQGEW NLQPLPEIIS KLEEPTPQCP ASRGRSPAGP
610
TVVDIGGGKG
Length:610
Mass (Da):68,240
Last modified:April 10, 2019 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iD1C45E9DA5CABD18
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
A0A3Q2LGW7A0A3Q2LGW7_HORSE
Dopamine beta-hydroxylase
DBH
602Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001075239.2, NM_001081770.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSECAT00000021063; ENSECAP00000017330; ENSECAG00000019582

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
791247

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ecb:791247

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

RefSeqiNP_001075239.2, NM_001081770.2

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSECAT00000021063; ENSECAP00000017330; ENSECAG00000019582
GeneIDi791247
KEGGiecb:791247

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
1621
VGNCiVGNC:17016, DBH

Phylogenomic databases

GeneTreeiENSGT00530000063085
HOGENOMiCLU_017939_3_0_1
TreeFamiTF320698

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00748;UER00735

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSECAG00000019582, Expressed in multi-cellular organism and 3 other tissues
ExpressionAtlasiF7E2E6, baseline

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.60.120.230, 1 hit
2.60.120.310, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR014784, Cu2_ascorb_mOase-like_C
IPR020611, Cu2_ascorb_mOase_CS-1
IPR014783, Cu2_ascorb_mOase_CS-2
IPR000323, Cu2_ascorb_mOase_N
IPR036939, Cu2_ascorb_mOase_N_sf
IPR024548, Cu2_monoox_C
IPR000945, DBH-like
IPR005018, DOMON_domain
IPR008977, PHM/PNGase_F_dom_sf
IPR028460, Tbh/DBH
PANTHERiPTHR10157, PTHR10157, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF03712, Cu2_monoox_C, 1 hit
PF01082, Cu2_monooxygen, 1 hit
PF03351, DOMON, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00767, DBMONOXGNASE
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00664, DoH, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF49742, SSF49742, 2 hits
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00084, CU2_MONOOXYGENASE_1, 1 hit
PS00085, CU2_MONOOXYGENASE_2, 1 hit
PS50836, DOMON, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiF7E2E6_HORSE
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: F7E2E6
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: July 27, 2011
Last sequence update: April 10, 2019
Last modified: December 2, 2020
This is version 58 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteomeImported
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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