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Entry version 32 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (05 Oct 2010)
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Protein

L-carnitine dehydrogenase

Gene

lcdH

Organism
Rhizobium sp.
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the NAD+-dependent oxidation of L-carnitine to 3-dehydrocarnitine. Despite a high similarity to 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenases, cannot dehydrogenate 3-hydroxybutylate and 3-hydroxybutyl-CoA. Is probably involved in a L-carnitine degradation pathway that allows Rhizobium sp. YS-240 to grow on L-carnitine as the sole source of carbon and nitrogen.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=1.1 mM for L-carnithine1 Publication
  2. KM=0.087 mM for NAD+1 Publication
  3. KM=1.2 mM for 3-dehydrocarnitine1 Publication
  1. Vmax=18.9 µmol/min/mg enzyme1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: carnitine metabolism

This protein is involved in the pathway carnitine metabolism, which is part of Amine and polyamine metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway carnitine metabolism and in Amine and polyamine metabolism.

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi11 – 16NADSequence analysis6

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
LigandNAD

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
1.1.1.108 5351

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
D7UNT2

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00117

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
L-carnitine dehydrogenase (EC:1.1.1.108)
Short name:
CDH
Short name:
L-CDH
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:lcdH
Synonyms:Rs-cdh
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRhizobium sp.
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri391 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaAlphaproteobacteriaRhizobialesRhizobiaceaeRhizobium/Agrobacterium groupRhizobium

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004179061 – 497L-carnitine dehydrogenaseAdd BLAST497

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
D7UNT2

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

By similarity

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
D7UNT2

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 335L-carnitine dehydrogenaseAdd BLAST335
Regioni330 – 335Important for dehydrogenase activity6
Regioni336 – 497UnknownAdd BLAST162

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

In the N-terminal section; belongs to the 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase family. L-carnitine dehydrogenase subfamily.Curated

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

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Gene3Di
1.10.1040.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_02129 L_carnitine_dehydrog, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR006176 3-OHacyl-CoA_DH_NAD-bd
IPR006108 3HC_DH_C
IPR008927 6-PGluconate_DH-like_C_sf
IPR013328 6PGD_dom2
IPR029069 HotDog_dom_sf
IPR026578 L-carnitine_dehydrogenase
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00725 3HCDH, 1 hit
PF02737 3HCDH_N, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48179 SSF48179, 1 hit
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF54637 SSF54637, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

D7UNT2-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSFITKAACV GGGVIGGAWV ARFALAGIDV KIFDPHPEAE RIIGEVMANA
60 70 80 90 100
ERAYAMLTMA PLPPKGKLTF CKSIEEAVEG ADWIQESVPE RLELKRGVIT
110 120 130 140 150
KIDAAARPDA LIGSSTSGLL PSDLQSEMHH PERMFVAHPY NPVYLLPLVE
160 170 180 190 200
LVGGKKTSKA TIERAMQGVE QIGMKGVVIA KEIEAFVGDR LLEALWREAL
210 220 230 240 250
WLIQDDICHT ETLDNVMRYS FGMRWAQMGL FETYRIAGGE AGMRHFLAQF
260 270 280 290 300
GPCLKWPWTK FTDVVDLDDA LVEKIGAQSD AQAAGRSIRE LERIRDENLV
310 320 330 340 350
GIMHALKSGN GGEGWGAGKL LADFEAKLWA NARKPEADLG DVKPLRILDT
360 370 380 390 400
KVSAAWVDYN GHMTEHRYLQ VFGDTSDGVL RLIGVDLDYV RDGHSYYTVE
410 420 430 440 450
THIRNLGDEA SGEALYSTCQ ILSSDEKRLH IFSTIYNAAT NEAVATAEQM
460 470 480 490
MLHVDSKAGK AVAAPEAVLS KLRAITEAHA QLQTPDGAGR FVGQKRA
Length:497
Mass (Da):54,474
Last modified:October 5, 2010 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iAB3A44C44623CF1F
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB079692 Genomic DNA Translation: BAJ10559.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB079692 Genomic DNA Translation: BAJ10559.1

3D structure databases

SMRiD7UNT2
ModBaseiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiD7UNT2

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00117
BRENDAi1.1.1.108 5351
SABIO-RKiD7UNT2

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.1040.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_02129 L_carnitine_dehydrog, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR006176 3-OHacyl-CoA_DH_NAD-bd
IPR006108 3HC_DH_C
IPR008927 6-PGluconate_DH-like_C_sf
IPR013328 6PGD_dom2
IPR029069 HotDog_dom_sf
IPR026578 L-carnitine_dehydrogenase
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00725 3HCDH, 1 hit
PF02737 3HCDH_N, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF48179 SSF48179, 1 hit
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF54637 SSF54637, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiLCDH_RHISP
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: D7UNT2
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 13, 2012
Last sequence update: October 5, 2010
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 32 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Direct protein sequencing

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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