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Entry version 57 (02 Dec 2020)
Sequence version 1 (18 May 2010)
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Protein

Acetyl-coenzyme A synthetase

Gene

acs

Organism
Pantoea ananatis (strain LMG 20103)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the conversion of acetate into acetyl-CoA (AcCoA), an essential intermediate at the junction of anabolic and catabolic pathways. Acs undergoes a two-step reaction. In the first half reaction, Acs combines acetate with ATP to form acetyl-adenylate (AcAMP) intermediate. In the second half reaction, it can then transfer the acetyl group from AcAMP to the sulfhydryl group of CoA, forming the product AcCoA.UniRule annotation
Enables the cell to use acetate during aerobic growth to generate energy via the TCA cycle, and biosynthetic compounds via the glyoxylate shunt. Acetylates CheY, the response regulator involved in flagellar movement and chemotaxis.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+UniRule annotation

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei320Coenzyme AUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei344Coenzyme AUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei509ATPUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei524ATPUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei532Coenzyme A; via carbonyl oxygenUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei535ATPUniRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi546Magnesium; via carbonyl oxygenUniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi548Magnesium; via carbonyl oxygenUniRule annotation1
Metal bindingi551Magnesium; via carbonyl oxygenUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei593Coenzyme AUniRule annotation1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi396 – 398ATPUniRule annotation3
Nucleotide bindingi420 – 425ATPUniRule annotation6

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLigaseUniRule annotationARBA annotation
LigandATP-bindingUniRule annotationARBA annotation, MagnesiumUniRule annotation, Metal-bindingUniRule annotation, Nucleotide-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Acetyl-coenzyme A synthetaseUniRule annotation (EC:6.2.1.1UniRule annotation)
Short name:
AcCoA synthetaseUniRule annotation
Short name:
AcsUniRule annotation
Alternative name(s):
Acetate--CoA ligaseUniRule annotation
Acyl-activating enzymeUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:acsUniRule annotationImported
Ordered Locus Names:PANA_0292Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiPantoea ananatis (strain LMG 20103)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri706191 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesErwiniaceaePantoea
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001702 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei618N6-acetyllysineUniRule annotation1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Acetylated. Deacetylation by the SIR2-homolog deacetylase activates the enzyme.UniRule annotation

Keywords - PTMi

AcetylationUniRule annotationARBA annotation

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
706191.PANA_0292

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
D4GHE4

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini50 – 90ACAS_NInterPro annotationAdd BLAST41
Domaini92 – 531AMP-bindingInterPro annotationAdd BLAST440
Domaini540 – 618AMP-binding_CInterPro annotationAdd BLAST79

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni200 – 203Coenzyme A bindingUniRule annotation4

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the ATP-dependent AMP-binding enzyme family.UniRule annotationARBA annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
COG0365, Bacteria

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_000022_3_6_6

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
DHWWHDL

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.50.12780, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_01123, Ac_CoA_synth, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011904, Ac_CoA_lig
IPR032387, ACAS_N
IPR025110, AMP-bd_C
IPR020845, AMP-binding_CS
IPR000873, AMP-dep_Synth/Lig
IPR042099, AMP-dep_Synthh-like_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF16177, ACAS_N, 1 hit
PF00501, AMP-binding, 1 hit
PF13193, AMP-binding_C, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR02188, Ac_CoA_lig_AcsA, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00455, AMP_BINDING, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

D4GHE4-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MINIFKEIRH EPTSYLSCSR KYCSKRADYC RTVSGDVPAI GYRSRNILGE
60 70 80 90 100
QGKILDWIKP YSKVKNTSFA PGNISIRWYE DGTLNLAANC LDRHLATRGD
110 120 130 140 150
HPAIIWEGDD ASESKTITFR QLHADVCRFA NVLELLGVKK GDVVAIYMPM
160 170 180 190 200
VPEAAVAMLA CARIGAVHSV IFGGFSPEAV AGRVIDSSAA LIVTADEGVR
210 220 230 240 250
AGRTIPLKKN VDEALKNPNV NSVKNVVVFQ RTGKDVGWVE GRDRHWHELM
260 270 280 290 300
QNASTNHSAA EMQAEDPLFI LYTSGSTGKP KGVLHTTGGY LVYAATTFKF
310 320 330 340 350
VFDYHQDDIY WCTADVGWVT GHSYLLYGPL ACGATTLMFE GVPNWPTSAR
360 370 380 390 400
MAQVVDKHKV TLLYTAPTAI RALMAEGDKA IEGTDRSSLR IMGSVGEPIN
410 420 430 440 450
PEAWEWYHKK IGNSQCPIVD TWWQTETGGF MITPLPGATR LKAGSATTPF
460 470 480 490 500
FGVQPALVDN EGHPQEGACE GNLVITDSWP GQARTLFGDH DRFEQTYFST
510 520 530 540 550
FKNAYFSGDG ARRDEDGYYW ITGRVDDVLN VSGHRLGTAE IESALVSHPK
560 570 580 590 600
IAEAAVVGIP HSIKGQAIYA YITLNHGEEP SPELYTDVRN WVRKEIGPIA
610 620 630 640 650
TPDVLHWTDS LPKTRSGKIM RRILRKIAAG DTSNLGDTST LADPGVVEKL
660
LEEKQSITMP
Length:660
Mass (Da):72,597
Last modified:May 18, 2010 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iC69D6641CE0DEA5F
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CP001875 Genomic DNA Translation: ADD75459.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
ADD75459; ADD75459; PANA_0292

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
pam:PANA_0292

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CP001875 Genomic DNA Translation: ADD75459.1

3D structure databases

SMRiD4GHE4
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi706191.PANA_0292

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiADD75459; ADD75459; PANA_0292
KEGGipam:PANA_0292

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0365, Bacteria
HOGENOMiCLU_000022_3_6_6
OMAiDHWWHDL

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.12780, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_01123, Ac_CoA_synth, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011904, Ac_CoA_lig
IPR032387, ACAS_N
IPR025110, AMP-bd_C
IPR020845, AMP-binding_CS
IPR000873, AMP-dep_Synth/Lig
IPR042099, AMP-dep_Synthh-like_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF16177, ACAS_N, 1 hit
PF00501, AMP-binding, 1 hit
PF13193, AMP-binding_C, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR02188, Ac_CoA_lig_AcsA, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00455, AMP_BINDING, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiD4GHE4_PANAM
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: D4GHE4
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: May 18, 2010
Last sequence update: May 18, 2010
Last modified: December 2, 2020
This is version 57 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteomeImported
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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