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Entry version 48 (02 Dec 2020)
Sequence version 1 (18 May 2010)
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Protein

Glutathione hydrolase proenzyme

Gene

ARB_02921

Organism
Arthroderma benhamiae (strain ATCC MYA-4681 / CBS 112371) (Trichophyton mentagrophytes)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Cleaves the gamma-glutamyl bond of extracellular glutathione (gamma-Glu-Cys-Gly), glutathione conjugates, and other gamma-glutamyl compounds. The metabolism of glutathione releases free glutamate and the dipeptide cysteinyl-glycine, which is hydrolyzed to cysteine and glycine by dipeptidases. In the presence of high concentrations of dipeptides and some amino acids, can also catalyze a transpeptidation reaction, transferring the gamma-glutamyl moiety to an acceptor amino acid to form a new gamma-glutamyl compound. Initiates extracellular glutathione (GSH) breakdown, provides cells with a local cysteine supply and contributes to maintain intracellular GSH level. It is part of the cell antioxidant defense mechanism.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: glutathione metabolism

This protein is involved in the pathway glutathione metabolism, which is part of Sulfur metabolism.By similarity
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway glutathione metabolism and in Sulfur metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei120GlutamateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei395NucleophileBy similarity1
Binding sitei413GlutamateBy similarity1
Binding sitei434GlutamateBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAcyltransferase, Hydrolase, Protease, Transferase
Biological processGlutathione biosynthesis

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00204

Protein family/group databases

MEROPS protease database

More...
MEROPSi
T03.011

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glutathione hydrolase proenzymeBy similarity (EC:3.4.19.13By similarity)
Alternative name(s):
Gamma-glutamyltransferase ARB_02921Curated (EC:2.3.2.2By similarity)
Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidaseBy similarity
Short name:
Gamma-GTBy similarity
Leukotriene-C4 hydrolaseBy similarity (EC:3.4.19.14By similarity)
Cleaved into the following 2 chains:
Glutathione hydrolase heavy chainBy similarity
Glutathione hydrolase light chainBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
ORF Names:ARB_02921
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArthroderma benhamiae (strain ATCC MYA-4681 / CBS 112371) (Trichophyton mentagrophytes)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri663331 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaPezizomycotinaEurotiomycetesEurotiomycetidaeOnygenalesArthrodermataceaeTrichophyton
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000008866 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unassembled WGS sequence

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Secreted

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 25Sequence analysisAdd BLAST25
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_500305388126 – 394Glutathione hydrolase heavy chainBy similarityAdd BLAST369
ChainiPRO_0000435284395 – 584Glutathione hydrolase light chainBy similarityAdd BLAST190

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi111N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparaginePROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Glycosylationi135N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparaginePROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Glycosylationi262N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparaginePROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Glycosylationi272N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparaginePROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Glycosylationi350N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparaginePROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Glycosylationi370N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparaginePROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Glycosylationi547N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparaginePROSITE-ProRule annotation1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Cleaved by autocatalysis into a large and a small subunit and the autocatalytic cleavage is essential to the functional activation of the enzyme.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Glycoprotein

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Heterodimer composed of the light and heavy chains. The active site is located in the light chain.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
63400.XP_003010882.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
D4B387

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni465 – 466Glutamate bindingBy similarity2

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the gamma-glutamyltransferase family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG2410, Eukaryota

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_014813_4_0_1

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
CGMGPPS

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.246.130, 1 hit
3.60.20.40, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR043138, GGT_lsub_C
IPR000101, GGT_peptidase
IPR043137, GGT_ssub
IPR029055, Ntn_hydrolases_N

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11686, PTHR11686, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF56235, SSF56235, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00066, g_glut_trans, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

D4B387-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAPAAMNLLC TVLYLLSSFA QVSDAAPWLF SRSIPASYHD GRLGAVASEN
60 70 80 90 100
SMCSEYGADM LKIGGNAADA VCIYRLSLFF AFLPYPALQE DRAMYHSGIG
110 120 130 140 150
GGGFMLIRAP NGTYEFIDFR ETAPAAAFQD MFKNNTSGST SGGLASGVPG
160 170 180 190 200
EVRGLEYLHK NYGKLPWKTV MEPAIRTARD GFRVTEDLSR IMLHSTKNGN
210 220 230 240 250
FLAENAAWAL DFAPQGTLLK VGDIITRRRY GDTLDKIAKY GADAFYTGPM
260 270 280 290 300
AQAMVNALRA ANGTMTLEDL KNYTVVSRPT AQIEYRGMTV TSTTAPSSGV
310 320 330 340 350
VLLSILKLLN GYKNFFRMDP GPLSTHRMDE AIRFGYGQRT ELGDPLFFSN
360 370 380 390 400
LTDYQKKMIS DEAANKNRMN ISDEYTQDIA VYDPKGLESL NTPGTSHIST
410 420 430 440 450
ADRSGMAVSL TTTINLYFGS RVIVPETGII MNNEMDDFSV PGRSNSFGYK
460 470 480 490 500
PSPSNFIRPG KRPLSSICPT IITRPDGSLY FVSGAAGGSQ IITGTLQSVI
510 520 530 540 550
NVMDRKMNVR QALKAPRLHD QLVPNVALME DEFDKKTVDF MISRKHNVTR
560 570 580
EKSGSTVESI MRLKNGVFEA SGEPRLANSG GVVV
Length:584
Mass (Da):63,768
Last modified:May 18, 2010 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iF0B5A620D10EC21F
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
ABSU01000032 Genomic DNA Translation: EFE30242.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
XP_003010882.1, XM_003010836.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl fungal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblFungii
EFE30242; EFE30242; ARB_02921

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
9524997

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
abe:ARB_02921

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
ABSU01000032 Genomic DNA Translation: EFE30242.1
RefSeqiXP_003010882.1, XM_003010836.1

3D structure databases

SMRiD4B387
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi63400.XP_003010882.1

Protein family/group databases

MEROPSiT03.011

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiEFE30242; EFE30242; ARB_02921
GeneIDi9524997
KEGGiabe:ARB_02921

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2410, Eukaryota
HOGENOMiCLU_014813_4_0_1
OMAiCGMGPPS

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00204

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.246.130, 1 hit
3.60.20.40, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR043138, GGT_lsub_C
IPR000101, GGT_peptidase
IPR043137, GGT_ssub
IPR029055, Ntn_hydrolases_N
PANTHERiPTHR11686, PTHR11686, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF56235, SSF56235, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00066, g_glut_trans, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGGT1_ARTBC
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: D4B387
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 20, 2016
Last sequence update: May 18, 2010
Last modified: December 2, 2020
This is version 48 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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