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Entry version 72 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 1 (09 Feb 2010)
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Protein

L-lactate dehydrogenase

Gene

ldh

Organism
Thermotoga naphthophila (strain ATCC BAA-489 / DSM 13996 / JCM 10882 / RKU-10)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the conversion of lactate to pyruvate.UniRule annotationSAAS annotation

Caution

Lacks conserved residue(s) required for the propagation of feature annotation.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Allosterically activated by fructose 1,6-bisphosphate (FBP).UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: pyruvate fermentation to lactate

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes (S)-lactate from pyruvate.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. L-lactate dehydrogenase (ldh)
This subpathway is part of the pathway pyruvate fermentation to lactate, which is itself part of Fermentation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes (S)-lactate from pyruvate, the pathway pyruvate fermentation to lactate and in Fermentation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei11NAD; via amide nitrogenUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei32NADUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei37NADUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei62NADUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei79SubstrateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei85SubstrateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei117SubstrateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei140NADUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei148SubstrateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei150Allosteric activatorUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei165Allosteric activatorUniRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei172Proton acceptorUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei226SubstrateUniRule annotation1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi76 – 77NADUniRule annotation2
Nucleotide bindingi115 – 117NADUniRule annotation3

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAllosteric enzymeUniRule annotation, OxidoreductaseUniRule annotationImported
LigandNADUniRule annotation

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
TNAP590168:G1GGX-645-MONOMER

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00554;UER00611

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
L-lactate dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.1.1.27UniRule annotation)
Short name:
L-LDHUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ldhUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:Tnap_0624Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiThermotoga naphthophila (strain ATCC BAA-489 / DSM 13996 / JCM 10882 / RKU-10)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri590168 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaThermotogaeThermotogalesThermotogaceaeThermotoga
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000940 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

CytoplasmUniRule annotation

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei217PhosphotyrosineUniRule annotation1

Keywords - PTMi

PhosphoproteinUniRule annotation

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.

UniRule annotation

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
D2C6Y4

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini1 – 139Ldh_1_NInterPro annotationAdd BLAST139
Domaini142 – 310Ldh_1_CInterPro annotationAdd BLAST169

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni117 – 120Substrate bindingUniRule annotation4
Regioni145 – 148Substrate bindingUniRule annotation4

Coiled coil

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section denotes the positions of regions of coiled coil within the protein.<p><a href='/help/coiled' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Coiled coili290 – 310Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the LDH/MDH superfamily. LDH family.UniRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Coiled coilSequence analysis

Phylogenomic databases

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000213793

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00016

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
CYIIVLT

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.90.110.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00488 Lactate_dehydrog, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001557 L-lactate/malate_DH
IPR011304 L-lactate_DH
IPR018177 L-lactate_DH_AS
IPR022383 Lactate/malate_DH_C
IPR001236 Lactate/malate_DH_N
IPR015955 Lactate_DH/Glyco_Ohase_4_C
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02866 Ldh_1_C, 1 hit
PF00056 Ldh_1_N, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000102 Lac_mal_DH, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00086 LLDHDRGNASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF56327 SSF56327, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01771 L-LDH-NAD, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00064 L_LDH, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

D2C6Y4-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MKIGIVGLGR VGSSTAFALL MKGFAREMVL IDVDKKRAEG DALDLIHGTP
60 70 80 90 100
FTRRANIYAG DYADLKGSDV VIVAAGVPQK PGETRLQLLG RNARVMKEIA
110 120 130 140 150
RNVSKYAPDS IVIVVTNPVD VLTYFFLKES GMDPRKVFGS GTVLDTARLR
160 170 180 190 200
TLIAQHCGFS PRSVHVYVIG EHGDSEVPVW SGAMIGGIPL QNMCQICQKC
210 220 230 240 250
DSKILENFAE KTKRAAYEII ERKGATHYAI ALAVADIVES IFFDEKRVLT
260 270 280 290 300
LSVYLEDYLG VKDLCISVPV TLGKHGVERI LELNLNEEEL EAFRKSASIL
310
KNAINEITAE ENKHQNTSG
Length:319
Mass (Da):34,994
Last modified:February 9, 2010 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA1FB9B97CDCF290B
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CP001839 Genomic DNA Translation: ADA66720.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
WP_004082418.1, NC_013642.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
ADA66720; ADA66720; Tnap_0624

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
29653701

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
tnp:Tnap_0624

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CP001839 Genomic DNA Translation: ADA66720.1
RefSeqiWP_004082418.1, NC_013642.1

3D structure databases

SMRiD2C6Y4
ModBaseiSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiADA66720; ADA66720; Tnap_0624
GeneIDi29653701
KEGGitnp:Tnap_0624

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiHOG000213793
KOiK00016
OMAiCYIIVLT

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00554;UER00611
BioCyciTNAP590168:G1GGX-645-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.90.110.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00488 Lactate_dehydrog, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001557 L-lactate/malate_DH
IPR011304 L-lactate_DH
IPR018177 L-lactate_DH_AS
IPR022383 Lactate/malate_DH_C
IPR001236 Lactate/malate_DH_N
IPR015955 Lactate_DH/Glyco_Ohase_4_C
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02866 Ldh_1_C, 1 hit
PF00056 Ldh_1_N, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000102 Lac_mal_DH, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00086 LLDHDRGNASE
SUPFAMiSSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF56327 SSF56327, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01771 L-LDH-NAD, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00064 L_LDH, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiD2C6Y4_THENR
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: D2C6Y4
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: February 9, 2010
Last sequence update: February 9, 2010
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 72 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteomeImported
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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