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Entry version 39 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (24 Nov 2009)
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Protein

Phospho-2-dehydro-3-deoxyheptonate aldolase AMT16

Gene

AMT16

Organism
Alternaria alternata (Alternaria rot fungus) (Torula alternata)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Nonribosomal peptide synthetase; part of the gene clusters that mediate the biosynthesis of AM-toxins, host-selective toxins (HSTs) causing Alternaria blotch on apple, a worldwide distributed disease (Probable). AM-toxins are cyclic depsipeptides containing the 3 residues 2-hydroxy-isovaleric acid (2-HIV), dehydroalanine, L-alanine which are common for all 3 AM-toxins I to III. The fourth precursor is L-alpha-amino-methoxyphenyl-valeric acid (L-Amv) for AM-toxin I, L-alpha-amino-phenyl-valeric acid (L-Apv) for AM-toxin II, and L-alpha-amino-hydroxyphenyl-valeric acid (L-Ahv) for AM-toxin III (Probable). AM-toxins have two target sites for affecting susceptible apple cells; they cause invagination of the plasma membrane and electrolyte loss and chloroplast disorganization (PubMed:22846083). The non-ribosomal peptide synthetase AMT1 contains 4 catalytic modules and is responsible for activation of each residue in AM-toxin (PubMed:10875335). The aldo-keto reductase AMT2 catalyzes the conversion of 2-keto-isovaleric acid (2-KIV) to 2-hydroxy-isovaleric acid (2-HIV), one of the precursor residues incorporated by AMT1 during AM-toxin biosynthesis, by reduction of its ketone to an alcohol (PubMed:15066029). The cytochrome P450 monooxygenase AMT3 and the thioesterase AMT4 are also important for AM-toxin production, but their exact function within the AM-toxin biosynthesis are not known yet (PubMed:17990954). Up to 21 proteins (including AMT1 to AMT4) are predicted to be involved in AM-toxin biosynthesis since their expression ishighly up-regulated in AM-toxin-producing cultures (PubMed:17990954).1 Publication2 Publications3 Publications

Miscellaneous

Gene clusters encoding host-selective toxins (HSTs) are localized on conditionally dispensable chromosomes (CDCs), also called supernumerary chromosomes, where they are present in multiple copies (PubMed:17990954). The CDCs are not essential for saprophytic growth but controls host-selective pathogenicity (PubMed:17990954).1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: Mycotoxin biosynthesis

This protein is involved in Mycotoxin biosynthesis.1 Publication
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in Mycotoxin biosynthesis.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionTransferase
Biological processAmino-acid biosynthesis, Aromatic amino acid biosynthesis, Virulence

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Phospho-2-dehydro-3-deoxyheptonate aldolase AMT16UniRule annotation (EC:2.5.1.54UniRule annotation)
Alternative name(s):
AM-toxin biosynthesis protein 161 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:AMT161 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiAlternaria alternata (Alternaria rot fungus) (Torula alternata)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri5599 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaPezizomycotinaDothideomycetesPleosporomycetidaePleosporalesPleosporineaePleosporaceaeAlternariaAlternaria sect. AlternariaAlternaria alternata complex

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004448661 – 374Phospho-2-dehydro-3-deoxyheptonate aldolase AMT16Add BLAST374

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Expression is up-regulated more than 10 fold in toxin producing cultures.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the class-I DAHP synthase family.Curated

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.20.20.70, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

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InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013785 Aldolase_TIM
IPR006218 DAHP1/KDSA
IPR006219 DHAP_synth_1

The PANTHER Classification System

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PANTHERi
PTHR21225 PTHR21225, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

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Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00793 DAHP_synth_1, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF001361 DAHP_synthase, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00034 aroFGH, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

C9K7C8-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSFHVNNKAV GDPLNSEDWR IKGYNPLTPP NLLQSEIPQT AKSRDTVFKA
60 70 80 90 100
REEVIAIFQN KDAQKRLLVV IGPCSIHDPL AALEYCDRLM KLKEKYQDDL
110 120 130 140 150
LIVMRSYLEK PRTTIGWKGL INDPDIDNSF KINKGLRISR QLFADLTEKG
160 170 180 190 200
MPLASEMLDT ISPQFLADMF SVGVIGARTT ESQLHRELAS GLSFPVGFKN
210 220 230 240 250
GTDGTLDVAI DAIDSAKYPH HFLSVTKPGV VAIVGTIGNH DCFIILRGGR
260 270 280 290 300
KGTNYDAKSI KEAREKLESE GMNPRLMIDC SHGNSEKNHM NQPKVVHAVA
310 320 330 340 350
EQIEAGETAV IGVMIESNLK AGTQKVPKEG KAGLEYGMSI TDACIDWKTT
360 370
ETVLAELAGA VAKRRTLLGQ NGTY
Length:374
Mass (Da):41,150
Last modified:November 24, 2009 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i5E3388A4934DD8BF
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

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DDBJi
Links Updated
AB525198 Genomic DNA Translation: BAI44752.1
AB525199 Genomic DNA Translation: BAI44773.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB525198 Genomic DNA Translation: BAI44752.1
AB525199 Genomic DNA Translation: BAI44773.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

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SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.20.20.70, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013785 Aldolase_TIM
IPR006218 DAHP1/KDSA
IPR006219 DHAP_synth_1
PANTHERiPTHR21225 PTHR21225, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00793 DAHP_synth_1, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF001361 DAHP_synthase, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00034 aroFGH, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

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ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

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MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiAMT16_ALTAL
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: C9K7C8
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 18, 2018
Last sequence update: November 24, 2009
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 39 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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