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Entry version 66 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (16 Dec 2008)
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Protein

Gamma-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase

Gene

patD

Organism
Escherichia coli (strain SE11)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the oxidation 4-aminobutanal (gamma-aminobutyraldehyde) to 4-aminobutanoate (gamma-aminobutyrate or GABA). This is the second step in one of two pathways for putrescine degradation, where putrescine is converted into 4-aminobutanoate via 4-aminobutanal. Also functions as a 5-aminopentanal dehydrogenase in a a L-lysine degradation pathway to succinate that proceeds via cadaverine, glutarate and L-2-hydroxyglutarate.UniRule annotation

Miscellaneous

4-aminobutanal can spontaneously cyclize to 1-pyrroline, and 5-aminopentanal to 1-piperideine.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: putrescine degradation

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes 4-aminobutanoate from 4-aminobutanal.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Gamma-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase (patD)
This subpathway is part of the pathway putrescine degradation, which is itself part of Amine and polyamine degradation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes 4-aminobutanoate from 4-aminobutanal, the pathway putrescine degradation and in Amine and polyamine degradation.

Pathwayi: Amino-acid degradation

This protein is involved in Amino-acid degradation.UniRule annotation
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in Amino-acid degradation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei209NADUniRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei246UniRule annotation1
Active sitei280NucleophileUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei280NADUniRule annotation1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi146 – 148NADUniRule annotation3
Nucleotide bindingi172 – 175NADUniRule annotation4
Nucleotide bindingi225 – 228NADUniRule annotation4

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
LigandNAD

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
GCF_000010385-HMP:ECSE_RS07905-MONOMER

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00188;UER00292

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Gamma-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.2.1.19UniRule annotation)
Short name:
ABALDHUniRule annotation
Alternative name(s):
1-pyrroline dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation
4-aminobutanal dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation
5-aminopentanal dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.2.1.-UniRule annotation)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:patDUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:ECSE_1526
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEscherichia coli (strain SE11)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri409438 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000008199 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_10001402731 – 474Gamma-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenaseAdd BLAST474

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.

UniRule annotation

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
B6IAI9

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase family. Gamma-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase subfamily.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000271505

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00137

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
GTYAINW

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd07092 ALDH_ABALDH-YdcW, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.309.10, 1 hit
3.40.605.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_01275 Aldedh_Prr, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR017749 1-pyrroline_dehydrogenase
IPR016161 Ald_DH/histidinol_DH
IPR016163 Ald_DH_C
IPR029510 Ald_DH_CS_GLU
IPR016162 Ald_DH_N
IPR015590 Aldehyde_DH_dom
IPR015657 Aminobutyraldehyde_DH

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11699:SF109 PTHR11699:SF109, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00171 Aldedh, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53720 SSF53720, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR03374 ABALDH, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00687 ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_GLU, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

B6IAI9-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MQHKLLINGE LVSGEGEKQP VYNPATGDVL LEIAEASAEQ VDAAVRAADA
60 70 80 90 100
AFAEWGQTTP KVRAECLLKL ADVIEENGQV FAELESRNCG KPLHSAFNDE
110 120 130 140 150
IPAIVDVFRF FAGAARCLNG LAAGEYLEGH TSMIRRDPLG VVASIAPWNY
160 170 180 190 200
PLMMAAWKLA PALAAGNCVV LKPSEITPLT ALKLAELAKD IFPAGVINVL
210 220 230 240 250
FGRGKTVGDP LTGHPKVRMV SLTGSIATGE HIISHTASSI KRTHMELGGK
260 270 280 290 300
APVIVFDDAD IEAVVEGVRT FGYYNAGQDC TAACRIYAQK GIYDTLVEKL
310 320 330 340 350
GAAVATLKSG APDDESTELG PLSSLAHLER VSKAVEEAKA TGHIKVITGG
360 370 380 390 400
EKRKGNGYYY APTLLAGALQ DDAIVQKEVF GPVVSVTPFD NEEQVVNWAN
410 420 430 440 450
DSQYGLASSV WTKDVGRAHR VSARLQYGCT WVNTHFMLVS EMPHGGQKLS
460 470
GYGKDMSLYG LEDYTVVRHV MVKH
Length:474
Mass (Da):50,846
Last modified:December 16, 2008 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i2F723041BFAB1A75
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AP009240 Genomic DNA Translation: BAG77050.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
WP_001163892.1, NC_011415.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
BAG77050; BAG77050; ECSE_1526

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ecy:ECSE_1526

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AP009240 Genomic DNA Translation: BAG77050.1
RefSeqiWP_001163892.1, NC_011415.1

3D structure databases

SMRiB6IAI9
ModBaseiSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiBAG77050; BAG77050; ECSE_1526
KEGGiecy:ECSE_1526

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiHOG000271505
KOiK00137
OMAiGTYAINW

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00188;UER00292
BioCyciGCF_000010385-HMP:ECSE_RS07905-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

CDDicd07092 ALDH_ABALDH-YdcW, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.40.309.10, 1 hit
3.40.605.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_01275 Aldedh_Prr, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR017749 1-pyrroline_dehydrogenase
IPR016161 Ald_DH/histidinol_DH
IPR016163 Ald_DH_C
IPR029510 Ald_DH_CS_GLU
IPR016162 Ald_DH_N
IPR015590 Aldehyde_DH_dom
IPR015657 Aminobutyraldehyde_DH
PANTHERiPTHR11699:SF109 PTHR11699:SF109, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00171 Aldedh, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53720 SSF53720, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR03374 ABALDH, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00687 ALDEHYDE_DEHYDR_GLU, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiABDH_ECOSE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: B6IAI9
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 14, 2009
Last sequence update: December 16, 2008
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 66 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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