Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Entry version 104 (07 Oct 2020)
Sequence version 1 (23 Sep 2008)
Previous versions | rss
Add a publicationFeedback
Protein

Tubulin beta chain

Gene

Tubb4a

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Unreviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain.UniRule annotation

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

LigandGTP-bindingUniRule annotationARBA annotation, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-190840, Microtubule-dependent trafficking of connexons from Golgi to the plasma membrane
R-RNO-2132295, MHC class II antigen presentation
R-RNO-2467813, Separation of Sister Chromatids
R-RNO-2500257, Resolution of Sister Chromatid Cohesion
R-RNO-2565942, Regulation of PLK1 Activity at G2/M Transition
R-RNO-3371497, HSP90 chaperone cycle for steroid hormone receptors (SHR)
R-RNO-380259, Loss of Nlp from mitotic centrosomes
R-RNO-380270, Recruitment of mitotic centrosome proteins and complexes
R-RNO-380284, Loss of proteins required for interphase microtubule organization from the centrosome
R-RNO-380320, Recruitment of NuMA to mitotic centrosomes
R-RNO-437239, Recycling pathway of L1
R-RNO-5610787, Hedgehog 'off' state
R-RNO-5617833, Cilium Assembly
R-RNO-5620912, Anchoring of the basal body to the plasma membrane
R-RNO-5620924, Intraflagellar transport
R-RNO-5626467, RHO GTPases activate IQGAPs
R-RNO-5663220, RHO GTPases Activate Formins
R-RNO-6807878, COPI-mediated anterograde transport
R-RNO-6811434, COPI-dependent Golgi-to-ER retrograde traffic
R-RNO-6811436, COPI-independent Golgi-to-ER retrograde traffic
R-RNO-68877, Mitotic Prometaphase
R-RNO-8852276, The role of GTSE1 in G2/M progression after G2 checkpoint
R-RNO-8854518, AURKA Activation by TPX2
R-RNO-8955332, Carboxyterminal post-translational modifications of tubulin
R-RNO-9646399, Aggrephagy
R-RNO-9648025, EML4 and NUDC in mitotic spindle formation
R-RNO-9668328, Sealing of the nuclear envelope (NE) by ESCRT-III
R-RNO-983189, Kinesins

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Tubulin beta chainUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Tubb4aImported
Synonyms:Tubb4Imported
ORF Names:rCG_45085Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 9

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
619730, Tubb4a

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, CytoskeletonARBA annotation, MicrotubuleUniRule annotationARBA annotation

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Keywords - PTMi

Isopeptide bondARBA annotation

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
B4F7C2

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
B4F7C2

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000047505, Expressed in cerebellum and 20 other tissues

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Dimer of alpha and beta chains. A typical microtubule is a hollow water-filled tube with an outer diameter of 25 nm and an inner diameter of 15 nM. Alpha-beta heterodimers associate head-to-tail to form protofilaments running lengthwise along the microtubule wall with the beta-tubulin subunit facing the microtubule plus end conferring a structural polarity. Microtubules usually have 13 protofilaments but different protofilament numbers can be found in some organisms and specialized cells.

UniRule annotation

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
B4F7C2, 2 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000065633

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
B4F7C2

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini47 – 244TubulinInterPro annotationAdd BLAST198
Domaini246 – 383Tubulin_CInterPro annotationAdd BLAST138

Coiled coil

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section denotes the positions of regions of coiled coil within the protein.<p><a href='/help/coiled' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Coiled coili408 – 428Sequence analysisAdd BLAST21

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the tubulin family.UniRule annotationARBA annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Coiled coilSequence analysis

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1375, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000161972

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_015718_1_1_1

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K07375

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
ILLVCMF

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
962471at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.287.600, 1 hit
3.30.1330.20, 1 hit
3.40.50.1440, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013838, Beta-tubulin_BS
IPR002453, Beta_tubulin
IPR008280, Tub_FtsZ_C
IPR000217, Tubulin
IPR018316, Tubulin/FtsZ_2-layer-sand-dom
IPR037103, Tubulin/FtsZ_C_sf
IPR036525, Tubulin/FtsZ_GTPase_sf
IPR023123, Tubulin_C
IPR017975, Tubulin_CS
IPR003008, Tubulin_FtsZ_GTPase

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11588, PTHR11588, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00091, Tubulin, 1 hit
PF03953, Tubulin_C, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01163, BETATUBULIN
PR01161, TUBULIN

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00864, Tubulin, 1 hit
SM00865, Tubulin_C, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF52490, SSF52490, 1 hit
SSF55307, SSF55307, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00227, TUBULIN, 1 hit
PS00228, TUBULIN_B_AUTOREG, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

B4F7C2-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MREIVHLQAG QCGNQIGAKF WEVISDEHGI DPTGTYHGDS DLQLERINVY
60 70 80 90 100
YNEATGGNYV PRAVLVDLEP GTMDSVRSGP FGQIFRPDNF VFGQSGAGNN
110 120 130 140 150
WAKGHYTEGA ELVDAVLDVV RKEAESCDCL QGFQLTHSLG GGTGSGMGTL
160 170 180 190 200
LISKIREEFP DRIMNTFSVV PSPKVSDTVV EPYNATLSVH QLVENTDETY
210 220 230 240 250
CIDNEALYDI CFRTLKLTTP TYGDLNHLVS ATMSGVTTCL RFPGQLNADL
260 270 280 290 300
RKLAVNMVPF PRLHFFMPGF APLTSRGSQQ YRALTVPELT QQMFDAKNMM
310 320 330 340 350
AACDPRHGRY LTVAAVFRGR MSMKEVDEQM LSVQSKNSSY FVEWIPNNVK
360 370 380 390 400
TAVCDIPPRG LKMAATFIGN STAIQELFKR ISEQFTAMFR RKAFLHWYTG
410 420 430 440
EGMDEMEFTE AESNMNDLVS EYQQYQDATA EEGEFEEEAE EEVA
Length:444
Mass (Da):49,586
Last modified:September 23, 2008 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iF7429D057C11A3F5
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AABR07066515 Genomic DNA No translation available.
BC168216 mRNA Translation: AAI68216.1
CH474092 Genomic DNA Translation: EDL83577.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_543158.1, NM_080882.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000075767; ENSRNOP00000065633; ENSRNOG00000047505

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
29213

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:29213

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AABR07066515 Genomic DNA No translation available.
BC168216 mRNA Translation: AAI68216.1
CH474092 Genomic DNA Translation: EDL83577.1
RefSeqiNP_543158.1, NM_080882.1

3D structure databases

SMRiB4F7C2
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiB4F7C2, 2 interactors
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000065633

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiB4F7C2
PRIDEiB4F7C2

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000075767; ENSRNOP00000065633; ENSRNOG00000047505
GeneIDi29213
KEGGirno:29213

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
10382
RGDi619730, Tubb4a

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1375, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000161972
HOGENOMiCLU_015718_1_1_1
KOiK07375
OMAiILLVCMF
OrthoDBi962471at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-190840, Microtubule-dependent trafficking of connexons from Golgi to the plasma membrane
R-RNO-2132295, MHC class II antigen presentation
R-RNO-2467813, Separation of Sister Chromatids
R-RNO-2500257, Resolution of Sister Chromatid Cohesion
R-RNO-2565942, Regulation of PLK1 Activity at G2/M Transition
R-RNO-3371497, HSP90 chaperone cycle for steroid hormone receptors (SHR)
R-RNO-380259, Loss of Nlp from mitotic centrosomes
R-RNO-380270, Recruitment of mitotic centrosome proteins and complexes
R-RNO-380284, Loss of proteins required for interphase microtubule organization from the centrosome
R-RNO-380320, Recruitment of NuMA to mitotic centrosomes
R-RNO-437239, Recycling pathway of L1
R-RNO-5610787, Hedgehog 'off' state
R-RNO-5617833, Cilium Assembly
R-RNO-5620912, Anchoring of the basal body to the plasma membrane
R-RNO-5620924, Intraflagellar transport
R-RNO-5626467, RHO GTPases activate IQGAPs
R-RNO-5663220, RHO GTPases Activate Formins
R-RNO-6807878, COPI-mediated anterograde transport
R-RNO-6811434, COPI-dependent Golgi-to-ER retrograde traffic
R-RNO-6811436, COPI-independent Golgi-to-ER retrograde traffic
R-RNO-68877, Mitotic Prometaphase
R-RNO-8852276, The role of GTSE1 in G2/M progression after G2 checkpoint
R-RNO-8854518, AURKA Activation by TPX2
R-RNO-8955332, Carboxyterminal post-translational modifications of tubulin
R-RNO-9646399, Aggrephagy
R-RNO-9648025, EML4 and NUDC in mitotic spindle formation
R-RNO-9668328, Sealing of the nuclear envelope (NE) by ESCRT-III
R-RNO-983189, Kinesins

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000047505, Expressed in cerebellum and 20 other tissues

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.287.600, 1 hit
3.30.1330.20, 1 hit
3.40.50.1440, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013838, Beta-tubulin_BS
IPR002453, Beta_tubulin
IPR008280, Tub_FtsZ_C
IPR000217, Tubulin
IPR018316, Tubulin/FtsZ_2-layer-sand-dom
IPR037103, Tubulin/FtsZ_C_sf
IPR036525, Tubulin/FtsZ_GTPase_sf
IPR023123, Tubulin_C
IPR017975, Tubulin_CS
IPR003008, Tubulin_FtsZ_GTPase
PANTHERiPTHR11588, PTHR11588, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00091, Tubulin, 1 hit
PF03953, Tubulin_C, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01163, BETATUBULIN
PR01161, TUBULIN
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00864, Tubulin, 1 hit
SM00865, Tubulin_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52490, SSF52490, 1 hit
SSF55307, SSF55307, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00227, TUBULIN, 1 hit
PS00228, TUBULIN_B_AUTOREG, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiB4F7C2_RAT
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: B4F7C2
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL: September 23, 2008
Last sequence update: September 23, 2008
Last modified: October 7, 2020
This is version 104 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiUnreviewed (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Proteomics identificationCombined sources, Reference proteomeImported
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again