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Entry version 55 (18 Sep 2019)
Sequence version 1 (28 Jun 2011)
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Protein

Galectin-16

Gene

LGALS16

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Binds lactose with high affinity. Strong inducer of T-cell apoptosis.1 Publication

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processApoptosis
LigandLectin

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Galectin-16Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:LGALS16Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 19

Organism-specific databases

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
HGNCi
HGNC:40039 LGALS16

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

More...
neXtProti
NX_A8MUM7

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNET

More...
DisGeNETi
148003

Miscellaneous databases

Pharos NIH Druggable Genome Knowledgebase

More...
Pharosi
A8MUM7

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

More...
BioMutai
LGALS16

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00004135351 – 142Galectin-16Add BLAST142

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
A8MUM7

MassIVE - Mass Spectrometry Interactive Virtual Environment

More...
MassIVEi
A8MUM7

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
A8MUM7

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
A8MUM7

ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
2116

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Predominantly and highly expressed in the placenta where it is localized mainly in the syncytiotrophoblast and in the endothelia of fetal vessels. Also detected in the amnion and chorionic trophoblasts in fetal membranes.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000249861 Expressed in 13 organ(s), highest expression level in placenta

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
A8MUM7 baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000375904

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
A8MUM7

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini6 – 138GalectinPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST133

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3587 Eukaryota
ENOG4111EA0 LUCA

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
A8MUM7

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
829777at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
A8MUM7

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF315551

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00070 GLECT, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013320 ConA-like_dom_sf
IPR030650 Galectin_16
IPR001079 Galectin_CRD

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11346:SF15 PTHR11346:SF15, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00337 Gal-bind_lectin, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00908 Gal-bind_lectin, 1 hit
SM00276 GLECT, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF49899 SSF49899, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51304 GALECTIN, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

A8MUM7-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSFLTVPYKL PVSLSVGSCV IIKGTLIDSS INEPQLQVDF YTEMNEDSEI
60 70 80 90 100
AFHLRVHLGR RVVMNSREFG IWMLEENLHY VPFEDGKPFD LRIYVCLNEY
110 120 130 140
EVKVNGEYIY AFVHRIPPSY VKMIQVWRDV SLDSVLVNNG RR
Length:142
Mass (Da):16,576
Last modified:June 28, 2011 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i1410A23A252075C0
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
M0R108M0R108_HUMAN
Galectin-16
LGALS16
60Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural variantiVAR_06587797L → H1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs1860134Ensembl.1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
FJ613352 mRNA Translation: ACR09652.1
AC005515 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AC093051 Genomic DNA No translation available.

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS54267.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001177370.2, NM_001190441.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000392051; ENSP00000375904; ENSG00000249861

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
148003

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:148003

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
uc021uun.2 human

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Polymorphism

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
FJ613352 mRNA Translation: ACR09652.1
AC005515 Genomic DNA No translation available.
AC093051 Genomic DNA No translation available.
CCDSiCCDS54267.1
RefSeqiNP_001177370.2, NM_001190441.2

3D structure databases

SMRiA8MUM7
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9606.ENSP00000375904

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiLGALS16

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiA8MUM7
MassIVEiA8MUM7
PaxDbiA8MUM7
PRIDEiA8MUM7
ProteomicsDBi2116

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000392051; ENSP00000375904; ENSG00000249861
GeneIDi148003
KEGGihsa:148003
UCSCiuc021uun.2 human

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
148003
DisGeNETi148003

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

More...
GeneCardsi
LGALS16
HGNCiHGNC:40039 LGALS16
neXtProtiNX_A8MUM7

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3587 Eukaryota
ENOG4111EA0 LUCA
InParanoidiA8MUM7
OrthoDBi829777at2759
PhylomeDBiA8MUM7
TreeFamiTF315551

Miscellaneous databases

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
148003
PharosiA8MUM7

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:A8MUM7

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000249861 Expressed in 13 organ(s), highest expression level in placenta
ExpressionAtlasiA8MUM7 baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00070 GLECT, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013320 ConA-like_dom_sf
IPR030650 Galectin_16
IPR001079 Galectin_CRD
PANTHERiPTHR11346:SF15 PTHR11346:SF15, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00337 Gal-bind_lectin, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00908 Gal-bind_lectin, 1 hit
SM00276 GLECT, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF49899 SSF49899, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51304 GALECTIN, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiLEG16_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A8MUM7
Secondary accession number(s): C5HZ26
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 19, 2011
Last sequence update: June 28, 2011
Last modified: September 18, 2019
This is version 55 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human chromosome 19
    Human chromosome 19: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  2. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  3. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
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