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Entry version 63 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (23 Oct 2007)
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Protein

Crotonobetaine/carnitine--CoA ligase

Gene

caiC

Organism
Citrobacter koseri (strain ATCC BAA-895 / CDC 4225-83 / SGSC4696)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the transfer of CoA to carnitine, generating the initial carnitinyl-CoA needed for the CaiB reaction cycle. Also has activity toward crotonobetaine and gamma-butyrobetaine.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: carnitine metabolism

This protein is involved in the pathway carnitine metabolism, which is part of Amine and polyamine metabolism.UniRule annotation
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway carnitine metabolism and in Amine and polyamine metabolism.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLigase

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
CKOS290338:G1G9Z-2941-MONOMER

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00117

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Crotonobetaine/carnitine--CoA ligaseUniRule annotation (EC:6.2.1.48UniRule annotation)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:caiCUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:CKO_03346
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiCitrobacter koseri (strain ATCC BAA-895 / CDC 4225-83 / SGSC4696)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri290338 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeCitrobacter
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000008148 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_10000686541 – 517Crotonobetaine/carnitine--CoA ligaseAdd BLAST517

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
A8ALR6

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the ATP-dependent AMP-binding enzyme family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105CEY Bacteria
COG0318 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000230001

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K02182

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
WLMQRAF

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
377638at2

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.50.12780, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_01524 CaiC, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR025110 AMP-bd_C
IPR020845 AMP-binding_CS
IPR000873 AMP-dep_Synth/Lig
IPR042099 AMP-dep_Synthh-like_sf
IPR023456 CaiC

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00501 AMP-binding, 1 hit
PF13193 AMP-binding_C, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00455 AMP_BINDING, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

A8ALR6-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MDIVGGQNLR QMWDDLAEVY GNKTALIFES SEGVVRQFSY ASLNEEINRT
60 70 80 90 100
ANLFLASGIQ KGDNVALHLD NCPEFFFCWF GLAKIGAIMV PINARLLREE
110 120 130 140 150
SAWILQNSRA QLIVTSAEFY PMYRQILLED DTLLNHICLI GENAPVEDNV
160 170 180 190 200
SHFSQLKDQQ PATLCYAPPL STDDTAEILF TSGTTSRPKG VVITHYNLRF
210 220 230 240 250
AGYYSSWQCA LREDDVYLTV MPAFHIDCQC TAAMAAFSAG STFVLIEKYS
260 270 280 290 300
ARAFWGQVRK YRATVTECIP MMIRTLMVQP ASPEERQHCL REVMFYLNLS
310 320 330 340 350
VQEKDAFIAR FGVRLLTSYG MTETIVGIIG DRPGDKRRWP SIGRPGFCYE
360 370 380 390 400
ADIRDEQNRS LPAGEIGEIC IKGVPGKTIF KEYYARPEAT AKALEANGWL
410 420 430 440 450
HTGDSGYRDE EGFFYFVDRR CNMIKRGGEN VSCIELENII SAHPKIQDIV
460 470 480 490 500
VIGIHDSIRD EAIKAFVVLN EGETLTEEEF FAFCEQNMAK FKVPSFLEIR
510
NDLPRNCSGK IIKKNLK
Length:517
Mass (Da):58,462
Last modified:October 23, 2007 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i074D5C82D4833B33
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CP000822 Genomic DNA Translation: ABV14429.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
WP_012134132.1, NC_009792.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
ABV14429; ABV14429; CKO_03346

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
cko:CKO_03346

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CP000822 Genomic DNA Translation: ABV14429.1
RefSeqiWP_012134132.1, NC_009792.1

3D structure databases

SMRiA8ALR6
ModBaseiSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiABV14429; ABV14429; CKO_03346
KEGGicko:CKO_03346

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105CEY Bacteria
COG0318 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000230001
KOiK02182
OMAiWLMQRAF
OrthoDBi377638at2

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00117
BioCyciCKOS290338:G1G9Z-2941-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.12780, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_01524 CaiC, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR025110 AMP-bd_C
IPR020845 AMP-binding_CS
IPR000873 AMP-dep_Synth/Lig
IPR042099 AMP-dep_Synthh-like_sf
IPR023456 CaiC
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00501 AMP-binding, 1 hit
PF13193 AMP-binding_C, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00455 AMP_BINDING, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCAIC_CITK8
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A8ALR6
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 5, 2008
Last sequence update: October 23, 2007
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 63 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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