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Protein

Probable hydrolase PNKD

Gene

PNKD

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Probable hydrolase that plays an aggravative role in the development of cardiac hypertrophy via activation of the NF-kappa-B signaling pathway.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi172Zinc 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi174Zinc 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi176Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi177Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi229Zinc 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi253Zinc 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi253Zinc 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi291Zinc 2By similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase
LigandMetal-binding, Zinc

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Probable hydrolase PNKD (EC:3.-.-.-)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PNKD
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:33080 PNKD

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003111241 – 385Probable hydrolase PNKDAdd BLAST385

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
A7YY46

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
A7YY46

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSBTAG00000003936 Expressed in 9 organ(s), highest expression level in heart

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
A7YY46 baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000005141

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
A7YY46

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
A7YY46

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni291 – 293Substrate bindingBy similarity3
Regioni376 – 379Substrate bindingBy similarity4

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0813 Eukaryota
COG0491 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000158887

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000058041

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG001152

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
A7YY46

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
HTVGHMI

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG091G08UZ

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF105273

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd07723 hydroxyacylglutathione_hydrola, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.60.15.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_01374 Glyoxalase_2, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR035680 Clx_II_MBL
IPR032282 HAGH_C
IPR017782 Hydroxyacylglutathione_Hdrlase
IPR001279 Metallo-B-lactamas
IPR036866 RibonucZ/Hydroxyglut_hydro

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF16123 HAGH_C, 1 hit
PF00753 Lactamase_B, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00849 Lactamase_B, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF56281 SSF56281, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR03413 GSH_gloB, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

A7YY46-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAAVVAATAL KGRGARNARV LRGILSGATA NKASQNRSRA LQSHSSPECK
60 70 80 90 100
EEPEPLSPEL EYIPRKRGKN PMKAVGLAWY SLYTRTRLGY LFYRQQLRRA
110 120 130 140 150
RNRYPKGHSR TQPRLFNGVK VLPIPVLSDN YSYLIIDTQA RLAVAVDPSD
160 170 180 190 200
PQAVQASIEK EGVNLVAILC THKHWDHSGG NRDLSRRHQD CRVYGSPQDS
210 220 230 240 250
IPYLTHPLCH QDVVSVGRLQ IRALATPGHT QGHLVYLLDG EPYEGPSCLF
260 270 280 290 300
SGDLLFLSGC GRTFEGTAET MLSSLDTVLG LGDDTLLWPG HEYAEENLGF
310 320 330 340 350
AGVVEPENLA RERKMQWVQR QRMERKSTCP STLGEERSYN PFLRTHCLVL
360 370 380
QEALGPSPGP TGDDGCSRAQ LLERLRQLKD LHKSK
Length:385
Mass (Da):42,885
Last modified:October 23, 2007 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA906CF6C2265017A
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
Q2M2S4Q2M2S4_BOVIN
Paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesi...
PNKD
142Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC151298 mRNA Translation: AAI51299.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001107642.1, NM_001114170.1

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Bt.11304

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSBTAT00000005141; ENSBTAP00000005141; ENSBTAG00000003936

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
616561

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:616561

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC151298 mRNA Translation: AAI51299.1
RefSeqiNP_001107642.1, NM_001114170.1
UniGeneiBt.11304

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliA7YY46
SMRiA7YY46
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000005141

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiA7YY46
PRIDEiA7YY46

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000005141; ENSBTAP00000005141; ENSBTAG00000003936
GeneIDi616561
KEGGibta:616561

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
25953
VGNCiVGNC:33080 PNKD

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0813 Eukaryota
COG0491 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000158887
HOGENOMiHOG000058041
HOVERGENiHBG001152
InParanoidiA7YY46
OMAiHTVGHMI
OrthoDBiEOG091G08UZ
TreeFamiTF105273

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000003936 Expressed in 9 organ(s), highest expression level in heart
ExpressionAtlasiA7YY46 baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

CDDicd07723 hydroxyacylglutathione_hydrola, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.60.15.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_01374 Glyoxalase_2, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR035680 Clx_II_MBL
IPR032282 HAGH_C
IPR017782 Hydroxyacylglutathione_Hdrlase
IPR001279 Metallo-B-lactamas
IPR036866 RibonucZ/Hydroxyglut_hydro
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF16123 HAGH_C, 1 hit
PF00753 Lactamase_B, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00849 Lactamase_B, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF56281 SSF56281, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR03413 GSH_gloB, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPNKD_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A7YY46
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 13, 2007
Last sequence update: October 23, 2007
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 66 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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