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Protein

General transcription and DNA repair factor IIH helicase subunit XPD

Gene

ERCC2

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

ATP-dependent 5'-3' DNA helicase, component of the general transcription and DNA repair factor IIH (TFIIH) core complex, which is involved in general and transcription-coupled nucleotide excision repair (NER) of damaged DNA and, when complexed to CAK, in RNA transcription by RNA polymerase II. In NER, TFIIH acts by opening DNA around the lesion to allow the excision of the damaged oligonucleotide and its replacement by a new DNA fragment. The ATP-dependent helicase activity of XPD/ERCC2 is required for DNA opening. In transcription, TFIIH has an essential role in transcription initiation. When the pre-initiation complex (PIC) has been established, TFIIH is required for promoter opening and promoter escape. Phosphorylation of the C-terminal tail (CTD) of the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II by the kinase module CAK controls the initiation of transcription. XPD/ERCC2 acts by forming a bridge between CAK and the core-TFIIH complex. Involved in the regulation of vitamin-D receptor activity. As part of the mitotic spindle-associated MMXD complex it plays a role in chromosome segregation. Might have a role in aging process and could play a causative role in the generation of skin cancers.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Protein has several cofactor binding sites:

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi116Iron-sulfur (4Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi134Iron-sulfur (4Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi155Iron-sulfur (4Fe-4S)By similarity1
Metal bindingi190Iron-sulfur (4Fe-4S)By similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi42 – 49ATPPROSITE-ProRule annotation8

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDNA-binding, Helicase, Hydrolase
Biological processChromosome partition, DNA damage, DNA repair, Transcription, Transcription regulation
Ligand4Fe-4S, ATP-binding, Iron, Iron-sulfur, Magnesium, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
General transcription and DNA repair factor IIH helicase subunit XPD (EC:3.6.4.12)
Short name:
TFIIH subunit XPD
Alternative name(s):
CXPD
DNA excision repair protein ERCC-2
DNA repair protein complementing XP-D cells
Xeroderma pigmentosum group D-complementing protein
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ERCC2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Cytoskeleton, Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003285641 – 760General transcription and DNA repair factor IIH helicase subunit XPDAdd BLAST760

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

ISGylated.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
A6QLJ0

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
A6QLJ0

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Component of the 7-subunit TFIIH core complex composed of XPB/ERCC3, XPD/ERCC2, GTF2H1, GTF2H2, GTF2H3, GTF2H4 and GTF2H5, which is active in NER. The core complex associates with the 3-subunit CDK-activating kinase (CAK) module composed of CCNH/cyclin H, CDK7 and MNAT1 to form the 10-subunit holoenzyme (holo-TFIIH) active in transcription. The interaction with GTF2H2 results in the stimulation of the 5'-->3' helicase activity. Component of the MMXD complex, which includes CIAO1, ERCC2, CIAO2B, MMS19 and SLC25A5. Interacts with CIAO1 and CIAO2B; the interaction WITH CIAO2B is direct. Interacts with ATF7IP. Interacts directly with MMS19.By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000002680

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini7 – 283Helicase ATP-bindingPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST277

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni438 – 637Mediates interaction with MMS19By similarityAdd BLAST200

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi234 – 237DEAH box4
Motifi682 – 695Nuclear localization signalSequence analysisAdd BLAST14

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the helicase family. RAD3/XPD subfamily.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1131 Eukaryota
COG1199 LUCA

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG051498

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
A6QLJ0

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K10844

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR006555 ATP-dep_Helicase_C
IPR010614 DEAD_2
IPR002464 DNA/RNA_helicase_DEAH_CS
IPR010643 HBB
IPR014013 Helic_SF1/SF2_ATP-bd_DinG/Rad3
IPR006554 Helicase-like_DEXD_c2
IPR027417 P-loop_NTPase
IPR013020 Rad3/Chl1-like
IPR001945 RAD3/XPD

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11472:SF1 PTHR11472:SF1, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF06733 DEAD_2, 1 hit
PF06777 HBB, 1 hit
PF13307 Helicase_C_2, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00852 XRODRMPGMNTD

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00488 DEXDc2, 1 hit
SM00491 HELICc2, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF52540 SSF52540, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00604 rad3, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00690 DEAH_ATP_HELICASE, 1 hit
PS51193 HELICASE_ATP_BIND_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

A6QLJ0-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MKLNVDGLLV YFPYDYIYPE QFSYMLELKR TLDAKGHGVL EMPSGTGKTV
60 70 80 90 100
SLLALIMAYQ RAYPLEVTKL IYCSRTVPEI EKVIEELRKL LSFYEKQEGE
110 120 130 140 150
KLPFLGLALS SRKNLCIHPE VTPLRFGKDV DGKCHSLTAS YVRAQYQRDS
160 170 180 190 200
SLPHCRFYEE FDVHGRQVPL PTGIYNLDDL KAVGRRQGWC PYFLARYSIL
210 220 230 240 250
HANVVVYSYH YLLDPKIADL VSKELARKAV VVFDEAHNID NVCIDSMSVN
260 270 280 290 300
LTRRTLDRCQ ANLETLQKTV LRIKETDEQR LREEYRRLVE GLREASAARE
310 320 330 340 350
TDAHLANPVL PDEVLKEAVP GSIRTAEHFL GFLRRLLEYV KWRLRVQHVV
360 370 380 390 400
QESPPAFLSG LAQRVCIQRK PLRFCAERLR SLLYTLEISD LTDFSPLTLL
410 420 430 440 450
ANFATLVSTY AKGFTIIIEP FDDRTPTIAN PILHFSCMDA SLAIKPVFER
460 470 480 490 500
FQSVIITSGT LSPLDIYPKI LDFHPVTMAT FTMTLARVCL CPMIIGRGND
510 520 530 540 550
QVAISSKFET REDIAVIRNY GNLLLEMSAV VPDGIVAFFT SYQYMESTVA
560 570 580 590 600
SWYEQGILEN IQRNKLLFIE TQDGAETSVA LEKYQEACEN GRGAILLSVA
610 620 630 640 650
RGKVSEGIDF VHHYGRAVIM FGVPYVYTQS RILKARLEYL RDQFQIREND
660 670 680 690 700
FLTFDAMRHA AQCVGRAIRG KTDYGLMVFA DKRFARADKR GKLPRWIQEH
710 720 730 740 750
LTDANLNLTV DEGVQVAKYF LRQMAQPFHR EDQLGLSLLS LEQLESEETL
760
RRIEQIAQQL
Length:760
Mass (Da):86,999
Last modified:August 21, 2007 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i645BE334EA415BC4
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC147982 mRNA Translation: AAI47983.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001096787.1, NM_001103317.1

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Bt.4215

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
100125238

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:100125238

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC147982 mRNA Translation: AAI47983.1
RefSeqiNP_001096787.1, NM_001103317.1
UniGeneiBt.4215

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000002680

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiA6QLJ0
PRIDEiA6QLJ0

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi100125238
KEGGibta:100125238

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
2068

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1131 Eukaryota
COG1199 LUCA
HOVERGENiHBG051498
InParanoidiA6QLJ0
KOiK10844

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR006555 ATP-dep_Helicase_C
IPR010614 DEAD_2
IPR002464 DNA/RNA_helicase_DEAH_CS
IPR010643 HBB
IPR014013 Helic_SF1/SF2_ATP-bd_DinG/Rad3
IPR006554 Helicase-like_DEXD_c2
IPR027417 P-loop_NTPase
IPR013020 Rad3/Chl1-like
IPR001945 RAD3/XPD
PANTHERiPTHR11472:SF1 PTHR11472:SF1, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF06733 DEAD_2, 1 hit
PF06777 HBB, 1 hit
PF13307 Helicase_C_2, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00852 XRODRMPGMNTD
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00488 DEXDc2, 1 hit
SM00491 HELICc2, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52540 SSF52540, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00604 rad3, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00690 DEAH_ATP_HELICASE, 1 hit
PS51193 HELICASE_ATP_BIND_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiERCC2_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A6QLJ0
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 8, 2008
Last sequence update: August 21, 2007
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 72 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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