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Entry version 73 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 2007)
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Protein

DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit beta

Gene

rpoB

Organism
Geobacillus thermodenitrificans (strain NG80-2)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

DNA-dependent RNA polymerase catalyzes the transcription of DNA into RNA using the four ribonucleoside triphosphates as substrates.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionNucleotidyltransferase, Transferase
Biological processTranscription

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
GTHE420246:G1G82-122-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit betaUniRule annotation (EC:2.7.7.6UniRule annotation)
Short name:
RNAP subunit betaUniRule annotation
Alternative name(s):
RNA polymerase subunit betaUniRule annotation
Transcriptase subunit betaUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:rpoBUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:GTNG_0098
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiGeobacillus thermodenitrificans (strain NG80-2)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri420246 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesBacilliBacillalesBacillaceaeGeobacillus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001578 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

DNA-directed RNA polymerase

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003003211 – 1190DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit betaAdd BLAST1190

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
A4IJI1

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

The RNAP catalytic core consists of 2 alpha, 1 beta, 1 beta' and 1 omega subunit. When a sigma factor is associated with the core the holoenzyme is formed, which can initiate transcription.

UniRule annotation

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
420246.GTNG_0098

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
A4IJI1

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the RNA polymerase beta chain family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4108IIJ Bacteria
COG0085 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000218611

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K03043

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
FMTWEGY

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
9601at2

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00653 RNA_pol_B_RPB2, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.40.270.10, 1 hit
2.40.50.150, 1 hit
3.90.1110.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_01321 RNApol_bact_RpoB, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR019462 DNA-dir_RNA_pol_bsu_external_1
IPR015712 DNA-dir_RNA_pol_su2
IPR007120 DNA-dir_RNAP_su2_dom
IPR037033 DNA-dir_RNAP_su2_hyb_sf
IPR010243 RNA_pol_bsu_bac
IPR007121 RNA_pol_bsu_CS
IPR007644 RNA_pol_bsu_protrusion
IPR007642 RNA_pol_Rpb2_2
IPR037034 RNA_pol_Rpb2_2_sf
IPR007645 RNA_pol_Rpb2_3
IPR007641 RNA_pol_Rpb2_7
IPR014724 RNA_pol_RPB2_OB-fold

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR20856 PTHR20856, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF04563 RNA_pol_Rpb2_1, 1 hit
PF04561 RNA_pol_Rpb2_2, 2 hits
PF04565 RNA_pol_Rpb2_3, 1 hit
PF10385 RNA_pol_Rpb2_45, 1 hit
PF00562 RNA_pol_Rpb2_6, 1 hit
PF04560 RNA_pol_Rpb2_7, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR02013 rpoB, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS01166 RNA_POL_BETA, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

A4IJI1-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTGRLVQYGR HRQRRSYARI SEVLELPNLI EIQTSSYQWF LDEGLREMFK
60 70 80 90 100
EISPIEDFSG NLSLEFIDYS LGEPKYSVEE AKERDVTYAA PLRVKVRLIN
110 120 130 140 150
KETGEVKEQD VFMGDFPLMT ETGTFIINGA ERVIVSQLVR SPSVYYSDKV
160 170 180 190 200
DKNGKRGYSA TVIPNRGAWL EYETDAKDVV YVRIDRTRKL PVTVLLRALG
210 220 230 240 250
FSSDQEIIDL LGDNEYLRNT LEKDNTDSTE KALIEIYERL RPGEPPTLEN
260 270 280 290 300
AKSLLASRFF DPKRYDLASV GRYKINKKLH IKNRLFNQRL AETIADPETG
310 320 330 340 350
EIIAEAGTMI DRRTLNRLLP YLEKGAGLQT YRPTEGVADG QISVQTVKIY
360 370 380 390 400
APNDPDNEKV INIIGNGFIA EDVKHITPAD IIASISYFFN LLHGVGDTDD
410 420 430 440 450
IDHLGNRRLR SVGELLQNQF RIGLSRMERV VRERMSIQDA NTITPQQLIN
460 470 480 490 500
IRPVIAAIKE FFGSSQLSQF MDQTNPLAEL THKRRLSALG PGGLTRERAG
510 520 530 540 550
FEVRDVHYSH YGRMCPIETP EGPNIGLINS LSTYAKVNKF GFIETPYRRV
560 570 580 590 600
DPETGKVTDQ IDYLTADEED NYVVAQANVP LAEDGTFLEE NVIARFRGEN
610 620 630 640 650
IVVKRDRVDY MDVSPKQVVS AATACIPFLE NDDSNRALMG ANMQRQAVPL
660 670 680 690 700
LQPEAPIVGT GMEYVSAKDS GAAIICKHRG IVERVEAKEI WVRRLIEVDG
710 720 730 740 750
KEVKGDLDKY RLLKFVRSNQ GTCYNQRPIV KKGDIVEKGE ILADGPSMDK
760 770 780 790 800
GELALGRNVL VAFMTWDGYN YEDAIIMSER LVKEDVYTSI HIEEYEAESR
810 820 830 840 850
DTKLGPEEIT RDIPNVGEDA LKNLDERGIV RIGAEVKDGD LLVGKVTPKG
860 870 880 890 900
MTELTAEERL LHAIFGEKAR EVRDTSLRVP HGGGGIVLDV KVFNREDGDE
910 920 930 940 950
LPPGVNQLVR VYIVQKRKIS EGDKMAGRHG NKGVISRILP EEDMPFLPDG
960 970 980 990 1000
TPIDIMLNPL GVPSRMNIGQ VFELHLGMAA KKLGLHIASP VFDGATEEDV
1010 1020 1030 1040 1050
WNILEEAGMA RDAKTVLYDG RTGEPFDNRV SVGIMYMIKL AHMVDDKLHA
1060 1070 1080 1090 1100
RSTGPYSLVT QQPLGGKAQF GGQRFGEMEV WALEAYGAAY TLQEILTVKS
1110 1120 1130 1140 1150
DDVVGRVKTY EAIVKGENIP EPGVPESFKV LIKELQSLGM DVTILTSDEQ
1160 1170 1180 1190
EINMENFDDD DDHAPDAIMV DVKPVESEEA DEEKNAVTKE
Length:1,190
Mass (Da):133,412
Last modified:May 1, 2007 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i2940B9D60B71AB59
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CP000557 Genomic DNA Translation: ABO65485.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
WP_008881953.1, NC_009328.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
ABO65485; ABO65485; GTNG_0098

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
31759322

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
gtn:GTNG_0098

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CP000557 Genomic DNA Translation: ABO65485.1
RefSeqiWP_008881953.1, NC_009328.1

3D structure databases

SMRiA4IJI1
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi420246.GTNG_0098

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiA4IJI1

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiABO65485; ABO65485; GTNG_0098
GeneIDi31759322
KEGGigtn:GTNG_0098

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4108IIJ Bacteria
COG0085 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000218611
KOiK03043
OMAiFMTWEGY
OrthoDBi9601at2

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciGTHE420246:G1G82-122-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00653 RNA_pol_B_RPB2, 1 hit
Gene3Di2.40.270.10, 1 hit
2.40.50.150, 1 hit
3.90.1110.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_01321 RNApol_bact_RpoB, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR019462 DNA-dir_RNA_pol_bsu_external_1
IPR015712 DNA-dir_RNA_pol_su2
IPR007120 DNA-dir_RNAP_su2_dom
IPR037033 DNA-dir_RNAP_su2_hyb_sf
IPR010243 RNA_pol_bsu_bac
IPR007121 RNA_pol_bsu_CS
IPR007644 RNA_pol_bsu_protrusion
IPR007642 RNA_pol_Rpb2_2
IPR037034 RNA_pol_Rpb2_2_sf
IPR007645 RNA_pol_Rpb2_3
IPR007641 RNA_pol_Rpb2_7
IPR014724 RNA_pol_RPB2_OB-fold
PANTHERiPTHR20856 PTHR20856, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF04563 RNA_pol_Rpb2_1, 1 hit
PF04561 RNA_pol_Rpb2_2, 2 hits
PF04565 RNA_pol_Rpb2_3, 1 hit
PF10385 RNA_pol_Rpb2_45, 1 hit
PF00562 RNA_pol_Rpb2_6, 1 hit
PF04560 RNA_pol_Rpb2_7, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR02013 rpoB, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS01166 RNA_POL_BETA, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiRPOB_GEOTN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A4IJI1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 11, 2007
Last sequence update: May 1, 2007
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 73 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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