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Entry version 83 (05 Jun 2019)
Sequence version 1 (17 Apr 2007)
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Protein

Gap junction gamma-1 protein

Gene

Gjc1

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

One gap junction consists of a cluster of closely packed pairs of transmembrane channels, the connexons, through which materials of low MW diffuse from one cell to a neighboring cell.By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-112303 Electric Transmission Across Gap Junctions
R-RNO-190861 Gap junction assembly

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Gap junction gamma-1 protein
Alternative name(s):
Connexin-45
Short name:
Cx45
Gap junction alpha-7 protein
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Gjc1
Synonyms:Gja7
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 10

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
628889 Gjc1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 18CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST18
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei19 – 39HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini40 – 75ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST36
Transmembranei76 – 96HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini97 – 175CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST79
Transmembranei176 – 198HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST23
Topological domaini199 – 229ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST31
Transmembranei230 – 250HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini251 – 396CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST146

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell junction, Cell membrane, Gap junction, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003695431 – 396Gap junction gamma-1 proteinAdd BLAST396

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
A4GG66

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
A4GG66

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Ubiquitous.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000048838 Expressed in 9 organ(s), highest expression level in skeletal muscle tissue

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
A4GG66 RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

A connexon is composed of a hexamer of connexins. Interacts with CNST (By similarity).By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000066371

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Coiled coil

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section denotes the positions of regions of coiled coil within the protein.<p><a href='/help/coiled' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Coiled coili303 – 358Sequence analysisAdd BLAST56

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the connexin family. Gamma-type subfamily.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Coiled coil, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410IFK3 Eukaryota
ENOG410Z7PN LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00960000186573

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
A4GG66

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K07616

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
NAKMACK

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
692491at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
A4GG66

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.20.1440.80, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000500 Connexin
IPR002265 Connexin45
IPR019570 Connexin_CCC
IPR017990 Connexin_CS
IPR013092 Connexin_N
IPR038359 Connexin_N_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11984 PTHR11984, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00029 Connexin, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00206 CONNEXIN
PR01136 CONNEXINA6

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00037 CNX, 1 hit
SM01089 Connexin_CCC, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00407 CONNEXINS_1, 1 hit
PS00408 CONNEXINS_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

A4GG66-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSWSFLTRLL EEIHNHSTFV GKIWLTVLIV FRIVLTAVGG ESIYYDEQSK
60 70 80 90 100
FVCNTEQPGC ENVCYDAFAP LSHVRFWVFQ IILVATPSVM YLGYAIHKIA
110 120 130 140 150
KMEHGEADKK AARSKPYAMR WKQHRALEET EEDHEEDPMM YPEMELESEK
160 170 180 190 200
ENKEQSQPKP KHDGRRRIRE DGLMKIYVLQ LLARTVFEVG FLIGQYFLYG
210 220 230 240 250
FQVHPFYVCS RLPCPHKIDC FISRPTEKTI FLLIMYGVTG LCLLLNIWEM
260 270 280 290 300
LHLGFGTIRD SLNSKRRELD DPGAYNYPFT WNTPSAPPGY NIAVKPDQIQ
310 320 330 340 350
YTELSNAKIA YKQNKANIAQ EQQYGSHEEH LPADLETLQR EIRMAQERLD
360 370 380 390
LAIQAYHHQN NPHGPREKKA KVGSKSGSNK SSISSKSGDG KTSVWI
Length:396
Mass (Da):45,666
Last modified:April 17, 2007 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i9CD5721BB071B65C
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
DQ871218 Genomic DNA Translation: ABI54096.1
DQ871218 Genomic DNA Translation: ABI54097.1
DQ871218 Genomic DNA Translation: ABI54098.1
DQ871218 Genomic DNA Translation: ABI54099.1
CH473948 Genomic DNA Translation: EDM06232.1
BC166405 mRNA Translation: AAI66405.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001078850.1, NM_001085381.1
XP_017452538.1, XM_017597049.1
XP_017452539.1, XM_017597050.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000073372; ENSRNOP00000066371; ENSRNOG00000048838
ENSRNOT00000093570; ENSRNOP00000076255; ENSRNOG00000048838

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
266706

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:266706

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
DQ871218 Genomic DNA Translation: ABI54096.1
DQ871218 Genomic DNA Translation: ABI54097.1
DQ871218 Genomic DNA Translation: ABI54098.1
DQ871218 Genomic DNA Translation: ABI54099.1
CH473948 Genomic DNA Translation: EDM06232.1
BC166405 mRNA Translation: AAI66405.1
RefSeqiNP_001078850.1, NM_001085381.1
XP_017452538.1, XM_017597049.1
XP_017452539.1, XM_017597050.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000066371

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiA4GG66
PRIDEiA4GG66

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000073372; ENSRNOP00000066371; ENSRNOG00000048838
ENSRNOT00000093570; ENSRNOP00000076255; ENSRNOG00000048838
GeneIDi266706
KEGGirno:266706

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
10052
RGDi628889 Gjc1

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IFK3 Eukaryota
ENOG410Z7PN LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00960000186573
InParanoidiA4GG66
KOiK07616
OMAiNAKMACK
OrthoDBi692491at2759
PhylomeDBiA4GG66

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-112303 Electric Transmission Across Gap Junctions
R-RNO-190861 Gap junction assembly

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:A4GG66

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000048838 Expressed in 9 organ(s), highest expression level in skeletal muscle tissue
GenevisibleiA4GG66 RN

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.20.1440.80, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000500 Connexin
IPR002265 Connexin45
IPR019570 Connexin_CCC
IPR017990 Connexin_CS
IPR013092 Connexin_N
IPR038359 Connexin_N_sf
PANTHERiPTHR11984 PTHR11984, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00029 Connexin, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00206 CONNEXIN
PR01136 CONNEXINA6
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00037 CNX, 1 hit
SM01089 Connexin_CCC, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00407 CONNEXINS_1, 1 hit
PS00408 CONNEXINS_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCXG1_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A4GG66
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 5, 2009
Last sequence update: April 17, 2007
Last modified: June 5, 2019
This is version 83 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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