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Entry version 87 (02 Jun 2021)
Sequence version 1 (17 Apr 2007)
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Protein

Acyl-CoA 6-desaturase

Gene

FADS2

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the biosynthesis of highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) from the essential polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) linoleic acid (LA) (18:2n-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) (18:3n-3) precursors, acting as a fatty acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) desaturase that introduces a cis double bond at carbon 6 of the fatty acyl chain. Catalyzes the first and rate limiting step in this pathway which is the desaturation of LA (18:2n-6) and ALA (18:3n-3) into gamma-linoleate (GLA) (18:3n-6) and stearidonate (18:4n-3), respectively (By similarity).

Subsequently, in the biosynthetic pathway of HUFA n-3 series, it desaturates tetracosapentaenoate (24:5n-3) to tetracosahexaenoate (24:6n-3), which is then converted to docosahexaenoate (DHA)(22:6n-3), an important lipid for nervous system function (By similarity).

It can also desaturate (11E)-octadecenoate (trans-vaccenoate, a metabolite in the biohydrogenation pathway of LA and the predominant trans fatty acid in cow milk) at carbon 6 generating (6Z,11E)-octadecadienoate (By similarity).

In addition to Delta-6 activity, this enzyme exhibits Delta-8 activity with slight biases toward n-3 fatty acyl-CoA substrates (By similarity).

By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis, which is part of Lipid metabolism.By similarity
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis and in Lipid metabolism.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processElectron transport, Fatty acid biosynthesis, Fatty acid metabolism, Lipid biosynthesis, Lipid metabolism, Transport

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-BTA-2046105, Linoleic acid (LA) metabolism
R-BTA-2046106, alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) metabolism

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00658

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Acyl-CoA 6-desaturase (EC:1.14.19.3By similarity)
Alternative name(s):
Delta(6) fatty acid desaturase
Short name:
D6D
Short name:
Delta(6) desaturase
Short name:
Delta-6 desaturaseBy similarity
Fatty acid desaturase 2By similarity
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:FADS2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaArtiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 29

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:28702, FADS2

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 122CytoplasmicCuratedAdd BLAST122
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei123 – 143HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini144 – 147LumenalCurated4
Transmembranei148 – 168HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini169 – 264CytoplasmicCuratedAdd BLAST96
Transmembranei265 – 285HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini286 – 305LumenalCuratedAdd BLAST20
Transmembranei306 – 326HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini327 – 444CytoplasmicCuratedAdd BLAST118

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Endoplasmic reticulum, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003071001 – 444Acyl-CoA 6-desaturaseAdd BLAST444

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
A4FV48

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
A4FV48

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSBTAG00000015505, Expressed in temporal cortex and 93 other tissues

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000020610

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
A4FV48

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini18 – 95Cytochrome b5 heme-bindingPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST78

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi180 – 184Histidine box-15
Motifi217 – 221Histidine box-25
Motifi382 – 386Histidine box-35

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term 'domain' is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The protein sequence includes a number of characteristic features of microsomal fatty acid desaturases including the three histidine boxes HXXXH, HXXHH, and QXXHH (these domains may contain the active site and/or be involved in metal ion binding), and the N-terminal cytochrome b5 domain containing the heme-binding motif, HPGG, similar to that of other fatty acid desaturases.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG4232, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00950000182990

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_016265_0_1_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
A4FV48

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
MPLLAWS

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1060606at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF313604

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.10.120.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001199, Cyt_B5-like_heme/steroid-bd
IPR036400, Cyt_B5-like_heme/steroid_sf
IPR005804, FA_desaturase_dom
IPR012171, Fatty_acid_desaturase

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00173, Cyt-b5, 1 hit
PF00487, FA_desaturase, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF015921, FA_sphinglp_des, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01117, Cyt-b5, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF55856, SSF55856, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50255, CYTOCHROME_B5_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

A4FV48-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MGKGGNQDEG ATELEAPMPT FRWEEIQKHN LRTDKWLVID RKVYNITKWS
60 70 80 90 100
SRHPGGQRVI GHYAGEDATD AFLAFHRNLD FVRKFMKPLL IGELAPEEPS
110 120 130 140 150
QDRGKNSQIT EDFRALRKTA EDMNLFKSNQ LFFLLHLAHI IAMESIAWFT
160 170 180 190 200
LFYFGNGWIP TIITAFVLAT SQAQAGWLQH DYGHLSVYKK SMWNHIVHKF
210 220 230 240 250
VIGHLKGASA NWWNHRHFQH HAKPNIFHKD PDVNMLHVFV LGEWQPIEYG
260 270 280 290 300
KKKLKYLPYN HQHEYFFLIG PPLLIPLYFQ YQIIMTMIVR KYWADLAWAI
310 320 330 340 350
SYYTRFFITY IPFYGVLGSI LFLNFIRFLE SHWFVWVTQM NHIVMEIDRE
360 370 380 390 400
PYRDWFSSQL AATCNVEQSF FNDWFSGHLN FQIEHHLFPT MPRHNLHKIA
410 420 430 440
PLVRSLCAKH GIEYQEKPLL RALQDIIGSL RKSGQLWLDA YLHK
Length:444
Mass (Da):52,533
Last modified:April 17, 2007 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i6D0C887C1365D4C3
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC123735 mRNA Translation: AAI23736.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001076913.1, NM_001083444.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSBTAT00000020610; ENSBTAP00000020610; ENSBTAG00000015505

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
521822

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:521822

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC123735 mRNA Translation: AAI23736.1
RefSeqiNP_001076913.1, NM_001083444.1

3D structure databases

SMRiA4FV48
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000020610

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiA4FV48
PRIDEiA4FV48

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000020610; ENSBTAP00000020610; ENSBTAG00000015505
GeneIDi521822
KEGGibta:521822

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
9415
VGNCiVGNC:28702, FADS2

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG4232, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00950000182990
HOGENOMiCLU_016265_0_1_1
InParanoidiA4FV48
OMAiMPLLAWS
OrthoDBi1060606at2759
TreeFamiTF313604

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00658
ReactomeiR-BTA-2046105, Linoleic acid (LA) metabolism
R-BTA-2046106, alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) metabolism

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000015505, Expressed in temporal cortex and 93 other tissues

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.10.120.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001199, Cyt_B5-like_heme/steroid-bd
IPR036400, Cyt_B5-like_heme/steroid_sf
IPR005804, FA_desaturase_dom
IPR012171, Fatty_acid_desaturase
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00173, Cyt-b5, 1 hit
PF00487, FA_desaturase, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF015921, FA_sphinglp_des, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01117, Cyt-b5, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF55856, SSF55856, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50255, CYTOCHROME_B5_2, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiFADS2_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A4FV48
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 2, 2007
Last sequence update: April 17, 2007
Last modified: June 2, 2021
This is version 87 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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